Avoiding ping pong

By: anon (anon.delete@this.anon.com), December 8, 2014 5:44 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
Jouni Osmala (josmala.delete@this.cc.hut.fi) on December 8, 2014 2:45 am wrote:
> > >
> > > or people using DAGs to explain why reference count is a solid
> > > solution when complex object graphs typically have cycles
> >
> > Oh, I agree. My example was the simple case. The really complex cases are much worse.
> >
> > I seriously don't believe that the future is parallel. People who think you can solve it with compilers
> > or programming languages (or better programmers) are so far out to lunch that it's not even funny.
> >
> > Parallelism works well in simplified cases with fairly clear interfaces and models. You find
> > parallelism in servers with independent queries, in HPC, in kernels, in databases. And even
> > there, people work really hard to make it work at all, and tend to expressly limit their models
> > to be more amenable to it (eg databases do some things much better than others, so DB admins
> > make sure that they lay out their data in order to cater to the limitations).
> >
> > Of course, other programming models can work. Neural networks are inherently very
> > parallel indeed. And you don't need smarter programmers to program them either..
> >
> > Linus
>
> Future is parallel in one way or another, simply because diminishing returns on improving serial

This always starts off a heated debate every time it comes up.

But here goes again: *There are diminishing returns on improving parallel*.

Assuming we're talking about client computing here (Linus already ruled out HPC and databases).

Why would you assume the inefficiencies of parallel model will be solved, but the serial ones will not? I can understand being pessimistic on both, or optimistic on both, but why different positions on each one? It's not like parallel computing is a relatively new unexplored garden of low hanging fruit and breakthroughs waiting to happen.

Client computing has gone from 1 to 2-4 cores in the last 10 years. Perhaps 6-8 at the very high end and then double thread count for SMT, but based on where the vast majority of devices are, and the applications being run on them, it would be a stretch to say that multicore has increased the acutal realized client CPU performance by more than 4x. On average I would say significantly less than 2x would be more likely, due to not having parallel work available much of the time.

In the same time, it looks like single thread performance has increased roughly between 2-4x (Athlon XP 3200+ to today's Core i7). Again there are also outliers like vectorizable FP and some memory bandwidth bound cases where performance is closer to 10x, but we'll also discard those. But the thing about this performance increase is that it's *usable* for all CPU work, not just parallel work.

So I would say that on a client workload, just from pure performance standpoint (obviously not power or cost etc), then almost all the time you would actually prefer to have a single core, limited to single thread Core i7-4790K over a hypothetical quad core Athlon 3200+ from 10 years ago. Single thread gains have still matched or outpaced parallel gains on client devices since multicore was introduced.

Same pattern for mobile CPUs, if you take the last mobile CPU core before they went multicore, the Cortex A8, and compare to something like today's Apple A8.
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ARMv8 getting atomic operationsdmcq12/02/14 05:32 PM
  ARMv8 getting atomic operationsMaynard Handley12/02/14 07:33 PM
    ARMv8 getting atomic operationsDoug S12/02/14 10:30 PM
      ARMv8 getting atomic operationsdmcq12/03/14 03:16 AM
      ARMv8 getting atomic operationsMaynard Handley12/03/14 09:20 AM
      ARMv8 getting atomic operationsBrett12/03/14 04:46 PM
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      ARMv8 getting atomic operationsLinus Torvalds12/03/14 11:15 AM
        ARMv8 getting atomic operationsanon12/03/14 05:08 PM
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            Guaranteed transactionsanon12/03/14 08:38 PM
              Avoiding ping pongPaul A. Clayton12/04/14 09:11 AM
                Avoiding ping ponganon12/04/14 10:15 AM
                  OoO window is limitedPaul A. Clayton12/04/14 01:06 PM
                Avoiding ping pongAaron Spink12/04/14 12:01 PM
                  Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/04/14 01:10 PM
                    Avoiding ping pongAaron Spink12/04/14 02:31 PM
                    Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/04/14 02:49 PM
                      Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/04/14 11:08 PM
                        Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/05/14 12:04 AM
                          Avoiding ping pongEric Bron nli12/05/14 02:28 AM
                            Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/05/14 03:37 AM
                              Avoiding ping pongEric Bron nli12/05/14 04:23 AM
                                Avoiding ping pongKlimax12/05/14 05:47 AM
                                  Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/05/14 06:24 AM
                              Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/05/14 10:38 AM
                                Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/07/14 02:28 PM
                                  Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/08/14 07:10 PM
                                    Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/09/14 05:12 AM
                                      Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/09/14 07:31 AM
                                        Avoiding ping ponganon12/09/14 11:24 PM
                            Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/05/14 10:17 AM
                              Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/05/14 10:32 AM
                                Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/05/14 12:45 PM
                                  Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/06/14 02:20 AM
                                    Avoiding ping pongnksingh12/06/14 03:42 AM
                                      Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/06/14 04:04 AM
                                        Avoiding ping pongGiGNiC12/06/14 06:27 AM
                                          Avoiding ping pongEric Bron nli12/06/14 06:44 AM
                                          Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/06/14 07:07 AM
                                            Avoiding ping pongnksingh12/07/14 04:06 PM
                                              Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/08/14 04:17 AM
                                                Avoiding ping pongGiGNiC12/08/14 11:53 AM
                                                Avoiding ping pongnksingh12/08/14 05:53 PM
                                                  Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/09/14 01:33 AM
                                    Avoiding ping pongdmsc12/06/14 04:12 AM
                                      Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/06/14 04:25 AM
                                        Avoiding ping pongKlimax12/06/14 05:49 AM
                                          Avoiding ping pongrwessel12/07/14 02:34 AM
                                        Avoiding ping pongdmsc12/06/14 07:39 AM
                                        Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/07/14 02:37 PM
                                          Avoiding ping pongMichael S12/07/14 04:37 PM
                                            Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/08/14 04:35 AM
                          Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/05/14 03:30 AM
                        Avoiding ping pongLinus Torvalds12/05/14 12:58 PM
                          Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/06/14 02:42 AM
                            Avoiding ping pongnksingh12/06/14 03:51 AM
                              Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/06/14 04:08 AM
                            Avoiding ping pongLinus Torvalds12/06/14 01:25 PM
                              Avoiding ping pongnksingh12/07/14 03:26 PM
                                Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/08/14 04:35 AM
                                  Avoiding ping pongBrett12/08/14 10:00 AM
                                    Avoiding ping pongEric Bron12/08/14 10:48 AM
                                    Avoiding ping pongrwessel12/08/14 12:52 PM
                                      Avoiding ping pongBrett12/08/14 01:58 PM
                                      Avoiding ping pongDoug S12/08/14 02:04 PM
                              Avoiding ping pongJouni Osmala12/08/14 02:45 AM
                                Avoiding ping ponganon12/08/14 05:44 AM
                                  Avoiding ping pongJouni Osmala12/08/14 01:10 PM
                                    Avoiding ping pongLinus Torvalds12/08/14 01:34 PM
                                      Avoiding ping pongJouni Osmala12/08/14 03:47 PM
                                        Avoiding ping pongLinus Torvalds12/08/14 08:08 PM
                                          Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/09/14 07:48 AM
                                            Avoiding ping pongMaynard Handley12/09/14 11:41 AM
                                              Avoiding ping pongPatrick Chase12/09/14 01:06 PM
                                              Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/09/14 01:52 PM
                                                Avoiding ping pongPatrick Chase12/09/14 02:08 PM
                                            Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Rob Thorpe01/02/15 08:20 AM
                                              Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?juanrga01/02/15 11:21 AM
                                                Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?EduardoS01/02/15 11:37 AM
                                                  Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?juanrga01/03/15 12:00 PM
                                                Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Eric Bron nli01/02/15 02:28 PM
                                                  Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?juanrga01/03/15 12:02 PM
                                                    Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Michael S01/03/15 12:36 PM
                                                      Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?juanrga01/03/15 01:11 PM
                                                        Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Michael S01/03/15 01:30 PM
                                                          Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Eric Bron01/03/15 02:57 PM
                                                            KNL cacheDavid Kanter01/03/15 07:36 PM
                                                              KNL cacheEric Bron01/04/15 03:34 AM
                                                                KNL cacheMichael S01/04/15 04:11 AM
                                                                  KNL cacheEric Bron01/04/15 04:57 AM
                                                                    KNL cacheMichael S01/04/15 05:21 AM
                                                                      KNL cacheEric Bron01/04/15 05:58 AM
                                                          Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?juanrga01/07/15 05:47 AM
                                                            Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Michael S01/07/15 08:27 AM
                                                              Manycores vs multicoresjuanrga01/10/15 04:10 PM
                                                                Manycores vs multicoresAaron Spink01/10/15 05:32 PM
                                                                  Manycores vs multicoresjuanrga01/10/15 06:32 PM
                                                                    Manycores vs multicoresExophase01/10/15 06:49 PM
                                                                      Manycores vs multicoresjuanrga01/10/15 08:21 PM
                                                                        Manycores vs multicoresExophase01/10/15 08:51 PM
                                                                        Manycores vs multicoresAaron Spink01/10/15 09:03 PM
                                                                    Manycores vs multicoresAaron Spink01/10/15 07:21 PM
                                                                      Manycores vs multicoresjuanrga01/10/15 08:25 PM
                                                                        Manycores vs multicoresAaron Spink01/10/15 09:11 PM
                                                                          Manycores vs multicoresJouni Osmala01/11/15 04:50 AM
                                                                            Manycores vs multicoresjuanrga01/11/15 08:58 AM
                                                                            Manycores vs multicorescoppice01/12/15 10:01 PM
                                                                              Manycores vs multicoresJouni Osmala01/13/15 04:38 AM
                                                                        Manycores vs multicoresanon01/11/15 03:19 AM
                                                                      Manycores vs multicoresMichael S01/11/15 05:44 AM
                                                                        Manycores vs multicoresAaron Spink01/11/15 05:55 PM
                                                                          Manycores vs multicoresMichael S01/12/15 04:41 AM
                                                                            Manycores vs multicoresEric Bron01/12/15 06:29 AM
                                                                              Manycores vs multicoresEric Bron01/12/15 06:30 AM
                                                        Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Eric Bron01/03/15 02:54 PM
                                                          Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?juanrga01/07/15 05:48 AM
                                                            Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Eric Bron01/07/15 07:41 AM
                                                              Manycores vs multicoresjuanrga01/10/15 04:14 PM
                                                    Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Eric Bron01/03/15 02:42 PM
                                                      Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?juanrga01/07/15 06:03 AM
                                                        Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Eric Bron01/07/15 07:45 AM
                                                        Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Linus Torvalds01/08/15 03:09 PM
                                                          Pink unicorns for salejuanrga01/10/15 05:09 PM
                                                        Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...Mark Roulo01/08/15 06:37 PM
                                                          Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...coppice01/08/15 11:38 PM
                                                            Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...Mark Roulo01/09/15 09:13 AM
                                                              Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...Anon01/10/15 02:00 AM
                                                              Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...David Hess01/11/15 01:03 PM
                                                            Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...someone01/09/15 10:31 AM
                                                              Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...coppice01/12/15 09:45 PM
                                                                Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...coppice01/12/15 09:47 PM
                                                                  Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...Michael S01/13/15 07:53 AM
                                                                    Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...coppice01/13/15 09:44 AM
                                                                      Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...Michael S01/13/15 10:01 AM
                                                                        Intentionally picking a competitors slow part is cheating ...coppice01/13/15 08:35 PM
                                                                      Core sizesjuanrga01/13/15 12:28 PM
                                                          NVIDIA'S FIRST CPU IS A WINNER (Linley Gwennap)juanrga01/10/15 04:34 PM
                                                        Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Patrick Chase01/08/15 07:02 PM
                                                        Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?coppice01/08/15 10:18 PM
                                                          Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Patrick Chase01/09/15 11:54 AM
                                                            Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Mark Roulo01/09/15 12:59 PM
                                                              Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Patrick Chase01/09/15 03:20 PM
                                                                Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Eric Bron01/09/15 03:30 PM
                                                            Alternatives to OOOE (again)juanrga01/10/15 04:50 PM
                                                              Alternatives to OOOE (again)David Kanter01/11/15 12:10 AM
                                                                Alternatives to OOOE (again)juanrga01/11/15 08:30 AM
                                                            Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Gabriele Svelto01/11/15 12:53 AM
                                              Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Fake Linus Torvalds01/03/15 12:14 PM
                                                Why read RWT or Reddit when you can get journalists to do it for you?Rob Thorpe01/03/15 08:25 PM
                                          Avoiding ping pongMaynard Handley12/09/14 11:33 AM
                                            Avoiding ping pongPatrick Chase12/09/14 01:54 PM
                                              Avoiding ping pongMaynard Handley12/09/14 06:56 PM
                                      Avoiding ping pongSalvatore De Dominicis12/09/14 08:51 AM
                                        Avoiding ping pongPatrick Chase12/09/14 02:00 PM
                                      Avoiding ping pongook12/11/14 03:31 AM
                                      Avoiding ping pongArt Scott12/19/14 10:19 PM
                                        Avoiding ping pongEric Bron nli12/20/14 04:05 AM
                                      What about specialization?Troll?01/02/15 07:55 AM
                                        What about specialization?Ungo01/04/15 03:27 PM
                                      Avoiding ping pongfewwef01/05/15 08:16 PM
                                      Avoiding ping pongV.Krishn01/08/15 06:11 AM
                                    Avoiding ping pongGabriele Svelto12/08/14 07:32 PM
                                    Avoiding ping ponganon12/08/14 11:37 PM
                            Avoiding ping pongKonrad Schwarz12/10/14 06:23 AM
                              Avoiding ping pongLinus Torvalds12/10/14 11:56 AM
                          Object reference lockingDavid W12/08/14 11:36 PM
                            Object reference lockingPatrick Chase12/09/14 04:52 PM
                              Object reference lockingDavid W12/11/14 05:18 AM
                    ISA != interface for "most programmers"Paul A. Clayton12/04/14 03:34 PM
                      ISA != interface for "most programmers"rwessel12/04/14 07:50 PM
                  Interesting! (exporting hot lines/cache-aware ISA); "Please sir, I want some more" (NT)Paul A. Clayton12/04/14 02:26 PM
                  Avoiding ping pongMichael S12/06/14 03:48 PM
          ARMv8 getting atomic operationsLinus Torvalds12/04/14 12:05 PM
            LL/SC idiom recognition is not admitting RMW superiorityPaul A. Clayton12/04/14 02:34 PM
            ARMv8 getting atomic operationsanon12/04/14 10:17 PM
    ARMv8 getting atomic operationsPatrick Chase12/03/14 12:09 PM
  limited ordernksingh12/04/14 10:17 PM
    I didn't understand this either. (NT)Konrad Schwarz12/04/14 10:32 PM
    limited orderdmcq12/05/14 02:13 AM
    limited orderbakaneko12/05/14 09:11 AM
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