To SSD or not? Real data..

By: Linus Torvalds (torvalds.delete@this.linux-foundation.org), September 22, 2008 6:33 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
Howard Chu (hyc@symas.com) on 9/22/08 wrote:
>
>I'm suspicious of the suggestion that a log-based
>filesystem will cure all the ills of the limited flash-
>controller based wear leveling.

Yeah. Total bull.

Anybody who thinks the filesystem can do really well has
bought into the crud from most existing vendors about how
you have to use those things differently. If you really
do believe that, you shouldn't touch an SSD with a ten-foot
pole.

If the flash vendor talks about "limits" in the wear
levelling, and how you have to write certain ways, just
start running away. Don't walk. Run away as fast as you
can.

>A question keeps coming up in my mind about what happens
>when you split an SSD into multiple partitions, and what
>*you want to happen*. I use separate partitions for root,
>boot, and var, because I tend to make root and boot
>read-only.

Again, if your SSD vendor says "align to 64kB boundaries"
or anything like that, you really should tell them to go
away, and you should do what Val said - just get a real
disk instead. Let them peddle their crap to people who are
stupider than you, but don't buy their SSD.

So what you want to happen if you split an SSD into multiple
partitions is exactly nothing. It shouldn't matter
one whit. If it does, the SSD is not worth buying. If it is
so sensitive to access patterns that you can't reasonably
write your data where you want to, just say "No, thank you".

Anyway, I have a good SSD now, so I can actually
give some data:

- Most flash-based SSD's currently suck.

I don't have these ones myself, but last week we had the
yearly kernel summit here in Portland, and a flash
company that shall remain nameless (but is one of the
absolute biggest and most recognizable names in flash)
was selling their snake-oil about how you need to write
in certain patterns.

So I called them on it, and called them idiots. Probably
one reason why I didn't get one of the drives they were
handing out, but one of the people who did get a drive
was the Linux block system maintainer. So he ran some
benchmarks.

Those things suck. You will never get any decent
performance of anything but a very specialized filesystem
out of them, unless you use them as essentially read-only
devices.

For a basic 4kB blocksize random write test, the SSD got
around 10 IOps. That's ten, as in "How many fingers do
you have?" or as in "That's really pathetic". It means
that you cannot actually use it as a disk at all, and
you need some special filesystem to make it worthwhile,
and certainly means that wear levelling is probably not
working right.

(For the math-challenged, 10 IOps at a 4kB blocksize
means 40kB/s throughput and 100ms+ latencies for those
things. It also means that even if some operations are
fast, you can never trust the drive)

- In contrast, the Intel SSD's are performing exactly as
advertised.

I did get one of these, with warnings about how
if I want to get low-power operation etc I need to make
sure that disk-initiated power management is enabled etc.

Whatever. The important thing is that the Intel SSD does
not care one whit where you write stuff, or how you do
it. With the same 4kB random write benchmark test, the
Intel SSD gets 8,000+ IOps (34MB/s throughput) with
absolutely zero tuning. With bigger blocks and multiple
outstanding requests, I got the promised 70MB/s. And it
didn't matter one whit whether it was random or linear,
the difference between 34MB/s and 70MB/s was purely in
block sizes (ie there is some per-command overhead, which
should not surprise anybody).

On the read side throughput, if you can feed it enough
requests, it was actually limited by the 1.5Gbps link
I had on my realistic test-system (yeah, I have other
machines that have full 3Gbps SATA links, but in mobile,
1.5Gbps is common). And once more, it made no real
difference whether accesses were random or linear.

So I finally have an SSD that really lives up to the
promise. And I can tell you - it makes an absolutely
huge difference in how the system performs. Just
try running Firefox for the first time - that mobile
platform is now snappier than my main desktop machine with
a new Nehalem and two fast disks in it.

And the write performance is important to that snappy
feeling. I can untar trees, install packages, do any amount
of writes etc and you can't even really tell. The system
still feels snappy.

As to reliability - sure, it's new technology, but since
I've been averaging around one dead harddisk per year, I'm
not so convinced about the old technology being superior
as Val is. So if the vendor gets the wear levelling right,
it's likely to be at least as reliable as those (not very
reliable) spinning platters are.

And right now, I do have numbers. Just based on behaviour,
I can pretty much guarantee that the Intel SSD's do a fairly
good job at wear levelling. At least they don't care about
your write patterns, and that should make people feel a lot
better about them.

So I can absolutely unequivocally say: if you want an SSD
today, you really can get a better disk than a traditional
disk. But as far as I can tell, it has to be an Intel drive.
Everything else is utter crap.

And no, Intel doesn't pay me to say so. Yes, I get early
access to some of their technology. But I'm an opinionated
bastard, and if it was bad I'd tell you so. As people here
should know (Itanium, anyone?).

That thing flies. The moment I can buy one more, I'll
spend my money where my mouth is. Because the difference
really is so clear. Right now, that tiny Mac Mini
(obviously running Linux ;) is actually nicer to use than
my main machine in many scenarios. All thanks to the SSD.

Linus

PS. The reason I tested mainly 4kB block sizes is that that
is what I use in the normal filesystems. I actually did test
512-byte writes too, and they perform perfectly fine and
got higher IOps than the 4kB case (but lower throughput:
the IOps didn't improve that much ;). I just don't
care too much personally, since nobody uses 512-byte blocks
anyway. But the thing really does act as a 512-byte sector
disk, with no access restrictions I can find.
< Previous Post in ThreadNext Post in Thread >
TopicPosted ByDate
First Dunnington benchmark resultsMichael S08/19/08 09:54 AM
  First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/19/08 12:42 PM
    First Dunnington benchmark resultsAaron Apink08/19/08 04:49 PM
      First Dunnington benchmark resultsJoe Chang08/19/08 05:28 PM
        First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/21/08 08:49 AM
          First Dunnington benchmark resultsJoe Chang08/21/08 02:10 PM
            First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/21/08 05:42 PM
              First Dunnington benchmark resultsJoe Chang08/21/08 06:12 PM
      First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/21/08 08:45 AM
        First Dunnington benchmark resultsAaron Spink08/21/08 12:12 PM
          First Dunnington benchmark resultsJoe Chang08/21/08 02:15 PM
    First Dunnington benchmark resultsRichard Cownie08/20/08 01:59 AM
      First Dunnington benchmark resultsAnders Jensen08/20/08 02:26 AM
        +SSDAnders Jensen08/20/08 02:30 AM
        First Dunnington benchmark resultsRichard Cownie08/20/08 10:04 AM
          First Dunnington benchmark resultsslacker08/20/08 11:35 AM
            First Dunnington benchmark resultsDoug Siebert08/20/08 06:54 PM
              First Dunnington benchmark resultsRichard Cownie08/20/08 07:58 PM
                SLC vs. MLCDavid Kanter08/21/08 12:16 AM
                  SLC vs. MLCMatt Sayler08/21/08 05:25 AM
                  SLC vs. MLCRichard Cownie08/21/08 05:32 AM
                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds08/21/08 07:39 AM
                      SLC vs. MLCMichael S08/21/08 08:07 AM
                        SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds08/21/08 08:52 AM
                          SLC vs. MLCMichael S08/21/08 09:35 AM
                            OLTP appliance = mainframe? (NT)Potatoswatter08/21/08 10:44 AM
                              OLTP appliance = HP NonStop?Michael S08/21/08 11:03 AM
                                OLTP applianceJoe Chang08/21/08 02:33 PM
                                  OLTP appliancePotatoswatter08/21/08 02:59 PM
                            SLC vs. MLCAaron Spink08/21/08 12:29 PM
                          SLC vs. MLCDan Downs08/21/08 10:33 AM
                            SLC vs. MLCrwessel08/21/08 11:45 AM
                              SLC vs. MLCDan Downs08/22/08 07:21 AM
                            SLC vs. MLCAaron Spink08/21/08 12:34 PM
                          SLC vs. MLC vs DRAMpgerassi08/21/08 11:24 AM
                            SLC vs. MLC vs DRAMDavid Kanter08/22/08 12:31 AM
                          SLC vs. MLCGroo08/23/08 11:52 AM
                      SLC vs. MLCDoug Siebert08/21/08 05:14 PM
                        SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds08/22/08 07:05 AM
                          SLC vs. MLCDoug Siebert08/22/08 01:27 PM
                            SLC vs. MLCEduardoS08/22/08 05:26 PM
                            SSD Controller differentiationDavid Kanter08/22/08 08:35 PM
                              SSD Controller differentiationDoug Siebert08/22/08 09:34 PM
                                SSD Controller differentiation (supercaps, cost...)anon08/23/08 09:18 AM
                                  SSD Controller differentiation (supercaps, cost...)Doug Siebert08/23/08 09:40 AM
                            SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds08/23/08 09:50 AM
                              SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/08/08 11:03 AM
                                SLC vs. MLCMax09/08/08 12:51 PM
                                  SLC vs. MLCHoward Chu09/08/08 08:04 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCMax09/08/08 09:29 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCHoward Chu09/08/08 11:12 PM
                                        RAM vs SSD?Jouni Osmala09/09/08 12:06 AM
                                          RAM vs SSD?Max09/12/08 11:51 AM
                                            RAM vs SSD?EduardoS09/12/08 03:27 PM
                                            Disk cache snapshottingMax09/13/08 07:34 AM
                                              Disk cache snapshottingHoward Chu09/14/08 08:58 PM
                                                Disk cache snapshottingMax09/15/08 11:50 AM
                                        SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/09/08 06:43 AM
                                          SLC vs. MLCHoward Chu09/09/08 08:42 AM
                                            SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/09/08 09:39 AM
                                              SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/09/08 11:29 PM
                                                SLC vs. MLCanon09/10/08 01:51 AM
                                                  SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 02:09 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLCMax09/10/08 03:48 AM
                                                      SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 04:52 AM
                                                        SLC vs. MLCMax09/10/08 05:28 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLCMatt Sayler09/10/08 05:21 AM
                                                      SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 08:17 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLCanon09/10/08 05:29 AM
                                                      SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 08:23 AM
                                                        SLC vs. MLCMatt Sayler09/10/08 09:45 AM
                                                SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/10/08 06:25 AM
                                                  SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 08:54 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/10/08 09:31 AM
                                                      Physical vs effective write latencyMax09/11/08 06:35 AM
                                                        Physical vs effective write latencyLinus Torvalds09/11/08 08:06 AM
                                                          Physical vs effective write latencyLinus Torvalds09/11/08 08:48 AM
                                                            Physical vs effective write latencyLinus Torvalds09/11/08 10:39 AM
                                                              Physical vs effective write latencyMark Roulo09/11/08 11:18 AM
                                                                Physical vs effective write latencyDoug Siebert09/11/08 04:59 PM
                                                                  Physical vs effective write latencyLinus Torvalds09/11/08 06:16 PM
                                                                    Physical vs effective write latencyDoug Siebert09/11/08 09:28 PM
                                                        Physical vs effective write latencyMS02/03/09 02:06 PM
                                                  SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyAnonymous09/11/08 11:39 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyanon09/11/08 12:17 PM
                                                      SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyAnonymous09/11/08 04:25 PM
                                                        SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyDoug Siebert09/11/08 04:47 PM
                                                          SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyrwessel09/11/08 05:01 PM
                                                        SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyanon09/11/08 11:00 PM
                                                          SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyAnonymous09/12/08 07:52 PM
                                                            SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyanon09/13/08 09:06 AM
                                                            SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyUngo09/15/08 11:18 AM
                                                              To SSD or not? One lady's perspectiveDavid Kanter09/22/08 12:12 AM
                                                                To SSD or not? One lady's perspectiveHoward Chu09/22/08 03:02 AM
                                                                  To SSD or not? Real data..Linus Torvalds09/22/08 06:33 AM
                                                                    To SSD or not? Real data..Ungo09/22/08 11:27 AM
                                                                      4K sectorsWes Felter09/22/08 05:03 PM
                                                                        4K sectorsDaniel09/22/08 09:31 PM
                                                                      Reasons for >512 byte sectorsDoug Siebert09/22/08 08:38 PM
                                                                        Reasons for >512 byte sectorsrwessel09/22/08 09:09 PM
                                                                          Reasons for >512 byte sectorsHoward Chu09/23/08 01:50 AM
                                                                        Reasons for >512 byte sectorsDaniel09/22/08 09:40 PM
                                                                          Reasons for >512 byte sectorsrwessel09/23/08 08:11 AM
                                                                            Reasons for >512 byte sectorsDaniel09/23/08 11:10 AM
                                                                      HDD long sector size availabilityEtienne Lehnart09/23/08 04:32 AM
                                                                        HDD long sector size availabilityrwessel09/23/08 08:19 AM
                                                                          HDD long sector size availabilityEtienne Lehnart09/23/08 01:17 PM
                                                                    To SSD or not? Real data..Jouni Osmala09/22/08 10:16 PM
                                                                  To SSD or not? One lady's perspectiveWes Felter09/22/08 10:25 AM
                                                                How should SSDs be engineered into systems?Rob Thorpe09/22/08 01:01 PM
                                                                  How should SSDs be engineered into systems?Matt Craighead09/23/08 05:59 PM
                                                                    How should SSDs be engineered into systems?Matt Sayler09/24/08 03:17 AM
                                                            ATA/SCSIS, Write Flushes and Asych FilesystemsTruePath01/25/09 03:44 AM
                                                        SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyMichael S09/12/08 03:58 AM
                                                        overlapped erase and read Michael S09/12/08 03:59 AM
                                                          overlapped erase and read David W. Hess09/12/08 08:56 AM
                                                          overlapped erase and read Anonymous09/12/08 07:45 PM
                                                            overlapped erase and read Jouni Osmala09/12/08 10:56 PM
                                                            overlapped erase and read Michael S09/13/08 10:29 AM
                                                            overlapped erase and read Michael S09/13/08 11:09 AM
                                                              overlapped erase and read Linus Torvalds09/13/08 01:05 PM
                                                    SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyDoug Siebert09/11/08 04:31 PM
                                SLC vs. MLCEduardoS09/08/08 01:07 PM
                                  SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/08/08 01:30 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCEduardoS09/08/08 03:01 PM
                                      SSD and RAIDJoe Chang09/08/08 06:42 PM
                                        SSD and RAIDDoug Siebert09/08/08 08:46 PM
                                          SSD and RAIDAaron Spink09/09/08 03:27 PM
                                            SSD and RAIDGroo09/10/08 12:02 PM
                              SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 09:22 AM
                                SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/06/09 01:04 PM
                                  SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 02:24 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCrwessel01/06/09 03:47 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCanonymous01/06/09 04:17 PM
                                        SLC vs. MLCrwessel01/06/09 04:58 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 11:35 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/06/09 04:45 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCrwessel01/06/09 05:09 PM
                                        SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/06/09 06:47 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 11:26 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCanon01/06/09 07:23 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 11:52 PM
                                        SLC vs. MLCanon01/07/09 01:34 AM
                                  SLC vs. MLCIntelUser200001/07/09 06:43 AM
                                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/07/09 09:28 AM
                                      drop data filesystem semanticDoug Siebert01/09/09 11:21 AM
                                      FTL and FSiz01/09/09 06:49 PM
                                        FTL and FSLinus Torvalds01/09/09 08:53 PM
                                          FTL and FSiz01/10/09 01:09 AM
                                            FTL and FSMichael S01/10/09 02:19 PM
                                              compiling large programsiz01/10/09 04:51 PM
                                                compiling large programsLinus Torvalds01/10/09 06:58 PM
                                                  compiling large programspeter01/11/09 04:30 AM
                                                  compiling large programsAndi Kleen01/11/09 12:03 PM
                                                  The File AbstractionTruePath01/25/09 05:45 AM
                                                    The File AbstractionHoward Chu01/25/09 12:49 PM
                                                      The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/26/09 08:23 AM
                                                        The File AbstractionMichael S01/26/09 12:39 PM
                                                          The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/26/09 01:31 PM
                                                            The File AbstractionDean Kent01/26/09 02:06 PM
                                                              The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/26/09 03:29 PM
                                                                The File AbstractionMark Christiansen01/27/09 08:24 AM
                                                                  The File AbstractionMark Christiansen01/27/09 09:14 AM
                                                                  The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/27/09 09:15 AM
                                                                    The File Abstractionslacker01/27/09 10:20 AM
                                                                      The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/27/09 12:16 PM
                                                                        Attributes All The Way DownMark Christiansen01/27/09 01:17 PM
                                                                        The File Abstractionslacker01/27/09 04:25 PM
                                                                          The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/28/09 07:17 AM
                                                                            The File Abstraction: API thoughtsCarlie Coats01/28/09 08:35 AM
                                                                            The File Abstractionslacker01/28/09 09:09 AM
                                                                              The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/28/09 12:44 PM
                                                                                Programs already 'hide' their metadata in the bytestream, unbeknownst to usersanon01/28/09 08:28 PM
                                                                                The File Abstractionslacker01/29/09 09:39 AM
                                                                                  The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/29/09 10:08 AM
                                                                                    The File AbstractionDean Kent01/29/09 10:49 AM
                                                                                      The File AbstractionHoward Chu01/29/09 01:58 PM
                                                                                        The File Abstractionrwessel01/29/09 03:23 PM
                                                                                    Extended Attributes in Actionslacker01/29/09 02:05 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in Actionstubar01/29/09 03:49 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in ActionLinus Torvalds01/29/09 04:15 PM
                                                                                        Like Duhanon01/29/09 06:42 PM
                                                                                          Like Duhanon01/29/09 08:15 PM
                                                                                            Like Duhanon02/01/09 06:18 PM
                                                                                              Double Duh.Anonymous02/01/09 09:58 PM
                                                                                                Double Duh.anon02/02/09 01:08 AM
                                                                                                  Double Duh.Anonymous02/02/09 04:11 PM
                                                                                                    Double Duh.anon02/02/09 06:33 PM
                                                                                              Like DuhDavid Kanter02/01/09 10:05 PM
                                                                                                Like Duhpeter02/01/09 10:55 PM
                                                                                                Like Duhanon02/02/09 12:55 AM
                                                                                                Xattrs, Solar power, regulation and politicsRob Thorpe02/02/09 03:36 AM
                                                                                                  Terminology seems too fuzzy to mehobold02/02/09 05:14 AM
                                                                                                    Terminology seems too fuzzy to merwessel02/02/09 11:33 AM
                                                                                                      good summaryMichael S02/03/09 01:41 AM
                                                                                                        good summaryMark Christiansen02/03/09 08:57 AM
                                                                                                          good summaryHoward Chu02/03/09 09:21 AM
                                                                                                            good summaryMark Christiansen02/03/09 10:18 AM
                                                                                                              good summaryHoward Chu02/03/09 11:00 AM
                                                                                                                good summaryMark Christiansen02/03/09 11:36 AM
                                                                                                          good summaryRagingDragon02/03/09 09:39 PM
                                                                                                            good summaryrwessel02/03/09 10:03 PM
                                                                                                              good summaryRagingDragon02/03/09 10:46 PM
                                                                                                      Terminology seems too fuzzy to meslacker02/04/09 04:06 PM
                                                                                                        Terminology seems too fuzzy to meMichael S02/05/09 12:05 AM
                                                                                                          Terminology seems too fuzzy to meUngo02/05/09 12:15 PM
                                                                                                          Terminology seems too fuzzy to meslacker02/05/09 01:19 PM
                                                                                                            Terminology seems too fuzzy to meHoward Chu02/05/09 03:44 PM
                                                                                          Like Duhiz01/30/09 01:03 AM
                                                                                          EAs (security labels) hosed me badlyanon01/30/09 08:48 PM
                                                                                        Extended Attributes in ActionRagingDragon01/29/09 08:31 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in Actionanonymous01/29/09 07:13 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu01/29/09 08:38 PM
                                                                                        Extended Attributes in Actionslacker01/30/09 10:24 AM
                                                                                          Extended Attributes in Actionanon01/30/09 04:50 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in ActionEtienne Lehnart01/29/09 11:22 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in ActionRob Thorpe01/30/09 11:39 AM
                                                                                        Extended Attributes in Actionslacker01/30/09 12:16 PM
                                                                                          Extended Attributes in Actionanon01/30/09 05:03 PM
                                                                                          Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu01/30/09 10:22 PM
                                                                                            Extended Attributes in Actionrwessel01/30/09 11:08 PM
                                                                                              Extended Attributes in Actionanonymous01/30/09 11:22 PM
                                                                                                Extended Attributes in Actionrwessel01/30/09 11:56 PM
                                                                                                  ScalingDean Kent01/31/09 08:04 AM
                                                                                                    ScalingRob Thorpe02/02/09 01:39 AM
                                                                                                      Scalingrwessel02/02/09 10:41 AM
                                                                                                        ScalingHoward Chu02/02/09 11:30 AM
                                                                                                          ScalingDean Kent02/02/09 01:27 PM
                                                                                                            ScalingRob Thorpe02/03/09 04:08 AM
                                                                                                              ScalingDean Kent02/03/09 06:38 AM
                                                                                                              Scalingrwessel02/03/09 01:34 PM
                                                                                                                ScalingRagingDragon02/03/09 09:46 PM
                                                                                                    in defense of software that does not scaleMatt Sayler02/03/09 10:27 AM
                                                                                                      in defense of software that does not scaleHoward Chu02/03/09 11:03 AM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleMatt Sayler02/03/09 11:17 AM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleRagingDragon02/03/09 10:00 PM
                                                                                                          in defense of software that does not scaleMichael S02/04/09 05:46 AM
                                                                                                            in defense of software that does not scaleRagingDragon02/04/09 08:33 PM
                                                                                                      in defense of software that does not scaleDean Kent02/03/09 11:17 AM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleMatt Sayler02/03/09 11:24 AM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleVincent Diepeveen02/04/09 09:43 AM
                                                                                                      in defense of software that does not scalerwessel02/03/09 01:44 PM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleanon02/04/09 01:35 AM
                                                                                                          in defense of software that does not scaleCarlie Coats02/04/09 04:24 AM
                                                                                                      Scaling with time vs. scaling from the beginning.mpx02/05/09 12:57 AM
                                                                                                  Extended Attributes in ActionMichael S01/31/09 09:33 AM
                                                                                                  Extended Attributes in Actionanon01/31/09 09:37 PM
                                                                                          Extended Attributes in ActionJasonB01/31/09 07:11 AM
                                                                                            Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu01/31/09 10:43 AM
                                                                                              Extended Attributes in ActionJasonB01/31/09 03:37 PM
                                                                                                Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu02/02/09 01:42 PM
                                                                                                  Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu02/02/09 01:44 PM
                                                                    The File AbstractionRob Thorpe01/27/09 10:20 AM
                                                              The File AbstractionHoward Chu01/26/09 11:28 PM
                                                                The File AbstractionMichael S01/27/09 02:00 AM
                                                                The File AbstractionDean Kent01/27/09 07:30 AM
                                                        The File AbstractionAndi Kleen01/27/09 01:05 AM
                                  SLC vs. MLCMichel01/12/09 05:54 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/12/09 06:38 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCrwessel01/12/09 11:52 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCUngo01/13/09 02:04 PM
                                        SLC vs. MLCWes Felter01/13/09 04:42 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCTruePath01/25/09 04:05 AM
                    SLC vs. MLCUngo08/21/08 11:54 AM
                    SLC vs. MLCAaron Spink08/21/08 12:20 PM
                  MLC vs. SLCMichael S08/21/08 07:57 AM
                First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/21/08 09:40 AM
              First Dunnington benchmark resultsAaron Spink08/21/08 02:18 AM
      First Dunnington benchmark resultsEtienne Lehnart08/20/08 03:38 AM
  Will x86 dominate big iron?Tom W08/19/08 09:10 PM
    Will x86 dominate big iron?Jesper Frimann08/19/08 11:28 PM
      Will x86 dominate big iron?Tom W08/20/08 02:42 PM
        Will x86 dominate big iron?David Kanter08/21/08 12:13 AM
          Will x86 dominate big iron?Joe Chang08/21/08 05:54 AM
            Will x86 dominate big iron?asdf08/22/08 12:18 PM
              Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/22/08 06:54 PM
        Will x86 dominate big iron?Jesper Frimann08/22/08 08:48 AM
          Will x86 dominate big iron?Tom W08/24/08 12:06 AM
            Will x86 dominate big iron?Michael S08/24/08 03:19 AM
              Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/24/08 08:30 AM
                Will x86 dominate big iron?Paul08/24/08 10:16 AM
                  Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/24/08 11:37 AM
                Will x86 dominate big iron?Michael S08/24/08 11:53 PM
        Will x86 dominate big iron?someone08/22/08 09:19 AM
          Will x86 dominate big iron?aaron spink08/23/08 01:56 AM
            Will x86 dominate big iron?Michael S08/23/08 08:58 AM
              Will x86 dominate big iron?someone08/23/08 12:51 PM
            Will x86 dominate big iron?someone08/23/08 12:55 PM
              Will x86 dominate big iron?Aaron Spink08/23/08 03:52 PM
                Will x86 dominate big iron?anonymous08/23/08 04:28 PM
                  Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/23/08 05:12 PM
                    Off road and topicEduardoS08/23/08 05:28 PM
                  Will x86 dominate big iron?someone08/23/08 05:26 PM
                    Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/23/08 08:40 PM
                    Will x86 dominate big iron?anonymous08/24/08 12:46 AM
                  Off road and topicDavid W. Hess08/24/08 02:24 AM
                    Off road and topicAaron Spink08/24/08 03:14 AM
  Beckton vs. DunningtonMr. Camel08/22/08 05:30 AM
    Beckton vs. Dunningtonjokerman08/22/08 11:12 AM
    Beckton vs. DunningtonMr. Camel05/29/09 09:16 AM
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How do you spell green?