SLC vs. MLC

By: Linus Torvalds (torvalds.delete@this.linux-foundation.org), January 6, 2009 4:45 pm
Room: Moderated Discussions
Joern Engel (joern@logfs.org) on 1/6/09 wrote:
>
>Everyone agrees that hard disks are block devices, not
>byte devices. If you decided to write byte-aligned to
>a hard disks, you would get problems as well.

I'm not arguing for byte-addressability.

But I do think that the people who say that sector sizes
will grow are largely deluding themselves. The reason for
a 512-byte sector is not that disks used to be smaller:
it's simply that it was a reasonable choice for granularity
when you do need blocking, but also know that a lot of
data is not big streaming stuff.

And that really hasn't gone away. Some files are bigger,
yes, but on the other hand to balance that out, there is
a huge compatibility advantage to 512-byte blocks.

And there is no reason to think that 512-byte blocking
doesn't work. Sure, you can write in bigger chunks, and a
good remapping layer will take advantage of that by doing
the remapping using extents. That goes without saying. So
you can still get better behavior by doing big writes, but
there is no reason to think that you should drop capability
or have a disastrous performance fall-off just because
you can also do smaller 512-byte blocks.

In fact, if anything, getting rid of rotational media
makes for a much weaker case of growing the block size,
since the whole inter-gap timing thing doesn't exist any
more.

>Of of my main gripes with SSDs is that they are trying to
>be too smart.

Trust me, they aren't. They are not "trying" very hard at
all - they're largely being very stupid about the features
they do expose.

The Intel drives (and hopefully the next-gen drives of
a lot of other manufacturers) are finally actually
trying to be smarter about it, and it's working very well
indeed.

It's working much better than trying to do the
same in software, because on a software level, you really
do have issues like years and years of legacy that also
needs to support all those normal disks.

If you make flash look like raw flash, you automatically
cannot share the code with a sane filesystem on a disk.
In the Linux space, for example, you have to use special
filesystems, and can share basically no code with all the
disk-based ones. End result: bad.

And the fact is, flash controllers can do a good
job. All your worries are based on false data.

More importantly, flash controllers fundamentally can
always do a better job. Not only are they closer
to the media and have lower latencies for critical R-M-W
updates, but they know characteristics of the media
much better.

For example, they may well be able to easily update single
bytes on the media. Yes, you have to erase in blocks, but
then you may be able to write stuff (once erased) one word
at a time, and thus (for example) do things like the
remapping tables very differently - because you have a log
that is low-latency and word-addressable.

But that's only true for the flash controller. It's not
true for the host.

This really is fundamentally no different than a regular
rotational media controller. Yes, early on, people really
did use to control rotational media from the host CPU
itself - doing the MFM encoding and all the timings in
software. It "worked", and yes, it was cheaper than having
a separate controller.

You know what? People don't do that any more. And disks
actually improved faster because of embedded controllers,
because now the controller could be much more tightly tied
to the media itself.

IOW, making the media and the controller be more tightly
coupled not only made it much easier on software, but
exactly because it hid a lot of the low-level details, it
actually allowed the media to evolve and have new features
and interfaces.

It reasonably allowed for media to have faulty spots, for
example. Yes, people tried to do bad-block mapping in the
filesystem too, but let's face it, it really never worked
very well.

But it allowed the controller to also simply get better
connections to the platter, and do things that could not
have been done if they were done on the host.

The exact same thing is true of flash. Having a
flash controller means not only that it can reasonably do
remapping of bad areas (higher flash yields, anybody?),
but it also means that a flash manufacturer can decide to
much more easily introduce extended interfaces for the
controller - exactly because there is that abstraction
between them. So you can much more easily introduce things
like asynchronous block erase cycles etc - without having
to teach legacy filesystems about it.

So a smarter flash controller is good for the user (and
the software) side, but it's actually good for the flash
manufacturer too. The higher-level abstraction is what will
allow flash manufacturers to do different things.

Linus
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TopicPosted ByDate
First Dunnington benchmark resultsMichael S08/19/08 09:54 AM
  First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/19/08 12:42 PM
    First Dunnington benchmark resultsAaron Apink08/19/08 04:49 PM
      First Dunnington benchmark resultsJoe Chang08/19/08 05:28 PM
        First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/21/08 08:49 AM
          First Dunnington benchmark resultsJoe Chang08/21/08 02:10 PM
            First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/21/08 05:42 PM
              First Dunnington benchmark resultsJoe Chang08/21/08 06:12 PM
      First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/21/08 08:45 AM
        First Dunnington benchmark resultsAaron Spink08/21/08 12:12 PM
          First Dunnington benchmark resultsJoe Chang08/21/08 02:15 PM
    First Dunnington benchmark resultsRichard Cownie08/20/08 01:59 AM
      First Dunnington benchmark resultsAnders Jensen08/20/08 02:26 AM
        +SSDAnders Jensen08/20/08 02:30 AM
        First Dunnington benchmark resultsRichard Cownie08/20/08 10:04 AM
          First Dunnington benchmark resultsslacker08/20/08 11:35 AM
            First Dunnington benchmark resultsDoug Siebert08/20/08 06:54 PM
              First Dunnington benchmark resultsRichard Cownie08/20/08 07:58 PM
                SLC vs. MLCDavid Kanter08/21/08 12:16 AM
                  SLC vs. MLCMatt Sayler08/21/08 05:25 AM
                  SLC vs. MLCRichard Cownie08/21/08 05:32 AM
                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds08/21/08 07:39 AM
                      SLC vs. MLCMichael S08/21/08 08:07 AM
                        SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds08/21/08 08:52 AM
                          SLC vs. MLCMichael S08/21/08 09:35 AM
                            OLTP appliance = mainframe? (NT)Potatoswatter08/21/08 10:44 AM
                              OLTP appliance = HP NonStop?Michael S08/21/08 11:03 AM
                                OLTP applianceJoe Chang08/21/08 02:33 PM
                                  OLTP appliancePotatoswatter08/21/08 02:59 PM
                            SLC vs. MLCAaron Spink08/21/08 12:29 PM
                          SLC vs. MLCDan Downs08/21/08 10:33 AM
                            SLC vs. MLCrwessel08/21/08 11:45 AM
                              SLC vs. MLCDan Downs08/22/08 07:21 AM
                            SLC vs. MLCAaron Spink08/21/08 12:34 PM
                          SLC vs. MLC vs DRAMpgerassi08/21/08 11:24 AM
                            SLC vs. MLC vs DRAMDavid Kanter08/22/08 12:31 AM
                          SLC vs. MLCGroo08/23/08 11:52 AM
                      SLC vs. MLCDoug Siebert08/21/08 05:14 PM
                        SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds08/22/08 07:05 AM
                          SLC vs. MLCDoug Siebert08/22/08 01:27 PM
                            SLC vs. MLCEduardoS08/22/08 05:26 PM
                            SSD Controller differentiationDavid Kanter08/22/08 08:35 PM
                              SSD Controller differentiationDoug Siebert08/22/08 09:34 PM
                                SSD Controller differentiation (supercaps, cost...)anon08/23/08 09:18 AM
                                  SSD Controller differentiation (supercaps, cost...)Doug Siebert08/23/08 09:40 AM
                            SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds08/23/08 09:50 AM
                              SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/08/08 11:03 AM
                                SLC vs. MLCMax09/08/08 12:51 PM
                                  SLC vs. MLCHoward Chu09/08/08 08:04 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCMax09/08/08 09:29 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCHoward Chu09/08/08 11:12 PM
                                        RAM vs SSD?Jouni Osmala09/09/08 12:06 AM
                                          RAM vs SSD?Max09/12/08 11:51 AM
                                            RAM vs SSD?EduardoS09/12/08 03:27 PM
                                            Disk cache snapshottingMax09/13/08 07:34 AM
                                              Disk cache snapshottingHoward Chu09/14/08 08:58 PM
                                                Disk cache snapshottingMax09/15/08 11:50 AM
                                        SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/09/08 06:43 AM
                                          SLC vs. MLCHoward Chu09/09/08 08:42 AM
                                            SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/09/08 09:39 AM
                                              SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/09/08 11:29 PM
                                                SLC vs. MLCanon09/10/08 01:51 AM
                                                  SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 02:09 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLCMax09/10/08 03:48 AM
                                                      SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 04:52 AM
                                                        SLC vs. MLCMax09/10/08 05:28 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLCMatt Sayler09/10/08 05:21 AM
                                                      SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 08:17 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLCanon09/10/08 05:29 AM
                                                      SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 08:23 AM
                                                        SLC vs. MLCMatt Sayler09/10/08 09:45 AM
                                                SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/10/08 06:25 AM
                                                  SLC vs. MLCMichael S09/10/08 08:54 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/10/08 09:31 AM
                                                      Physical vs effective write latencyMax09/11/08 06:35 AM
                                                        Physical vs effective write latencyLinus Torvalds09/11/08 08:06 AM
                                                          Physical vs effective write latencyLinus Torvalds09/11/08 08:48 AM
                                                            Physical vs effective write latencyLinus Torvalds09/11/08 10:39 AM
                                                              Physical vs effective write latencyMark Roulo09/11/08 11:18 AM
                                                                Physical vs effective write latencyDoug Siebert09/11/08 04:59 PM
                                                                  Physical vs effective write latencyLinus Torvalds09/11/08 06:16 PM
                                                                    Physical vs effective write latencyDoug Siebert09/11/08 09:28 PM
                                                        Physical vs effective write latencyMS02/03/09 02:06 PM
                                                  SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyAnonymous09/11/08 11:39 AM
                                                    SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyanon09/11/08 12:17 PM
                                                      SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyAnonymous09/11/08 04:25 PM
                                                        SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyDoug Siebert09/11/08 04:47 PM
                                                          SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyrwessel09/11/08 05:01 PM
                                                        SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyanon09/11/08 11:00 PM
                                                          SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyAnonymous09/12/08 07:52 PM
                                                            SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyanon09/13/08 09:06 AM
                                                            SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyUngo09/15/08 11:18 AM
                                                              To SSD or not? One lady's perspectiveDavid Kanter09/22/08 12:12 AM
                                                                To SSD or not? One lady's perspectiveHoward Chu09/22/08 03:02 AM
                                                                  To SSD or not? Real data..Linus Torvalds09/22/08 06:33 AM
                                                                    To SSD or not? Real data..Ungo09/22/08 11:27 AM
                                                                      4K sectorsWes Felter09/22/08 05:03 PM
                                                                        4K sectorsDaniel09/22/08 09:31 PM
                                                                      Reasons for >512 byte sectorsDoug Siebert09/22/08 08:38 PM
                                                                        Reasons for >512 byte sectorsrwessel09/22/08 09:09 PM
                                                                          Reasons for >512 byte sectorsHoward Chu09/23/08 01:50 AM
                                                                        Reasons for >512 byte sectorsDaniel09/22/08 09:40 PM
                                                                          Reasons for >512 byte sectorsrwessel09/23/08 08:11 AM
                                                                            Reasons for >512 byte sectorsDaniel09/23/08 11:10 AM
                                                                      HDD long sector size availabilityEtienne Lehnart09/23/08 04:32 AM
                                                                        HDD long sector size availabilityrwessel09/23/08 08:19 AM
                                                                          HDD long sector size availabilityEtienne Lehnart09/23/08 01:17 PM
                                                                    To SSD or not? Real data..Jouni Osmala09/22/08 10:16 PM
                                                                  To SSD or not? One lady's perspectiveWes Felter09/22/08 10:25 AM
                                                                How should SSDs be engineered into systems?Rob Thorpe09/22/08 01:01 PM
                                                                  How should SSDs be engineered into systems?Matt Craighead09/23/08 05:59 PM
                                                                    How should SSDs be engineered into systems?Matt Sayler09/24/08 03:17 AM
                                                            ATA/SCSIS, Write Flushes and Asych FilesystemsTruePath01/25/09 03:44 AM
                                                        SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyMichael S09/12/08 03:58 AM
                                                        overlapped erase and read Michael S09/12/08 03:59 AM
                                                          overlapped erase and read David W. Hess09/12/08 08:56 AM
                                                          overlapped erase and read Anonymous09/12/08 07:45 PM
                                                            overlapped erase and read Jouni Osmala09/12/08 10:56 PM
                                                            overlapped erase and read Michael S09/13/08 10:29 AM
                                                            overlapped erase and read Michael S09/13/08 11:09 AM
                                                              overlapped erase and read Linus Torvalds09/13/08 01:05 PM
                                                    SLC vs. MLC - the trick to latencyDoug Siebert09/11/08 04:31 PM
                                SLC vs. MLCEduardoS09/08/08 01:07 PM
                                  SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds09/08/08 01:30 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCEduardoS09/08/08 03:01 PM
                                      SSD and RAIDJoe Chang09/08/08 06:42 PM
                                        SSD and RAIDDoug Siebert09/08/08 08:46 PM
                                          SSD and RAIDAaron Spink09/09/08 03:27 PM
                                            SSD and RAIDGroo09/10/08 12:02 PM
                              SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 09:22 AM
                                SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/06/09 01:04 PM
                                  SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 02:24 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCrwessel01/06/09 03:47 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCanonymous01/06/09 04:17 PM
                                        SLC vs. MLCrwessel01/06/09 04:58 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 11:35 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/06/09 04:45 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCrwessel01/06/09 05:09 PM
                                        SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/06/09 06:47 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 11:26 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCanon01/06/09 07:23 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCJoern Engel01/06/09 11:52 PM
                                        SLC vs. MLCanon01/07/09 01:34 AM
                                  SLC vs. MLCIntelUser200001/07/09 06:43 AM
                                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/07/09 09:28 AM
                                      drop data filesystem semanticDoug Siebert01/09/09 11:21 AM
                                      FTL and FSiz01/09/09 06:49 PM
                                        FTL and FSLinus Torvalds01/09/09 08:53 PM
                                          FTL and FSiz01/10/09 01:09 AM
                                            FTL and FSMichael S01/10/09 02:19 PM
                                              compiling large programsiz01/10/09 04:51 PM
                                                compiling large programsLinus Torvalds01/10/09 06:58 PM
                                                  compiling large programspeter01/11/09 04:30 AM
                                                  compiling large programsAndi Kleen01/11/09 12:03 PM
                                                  The File AbstractionTruePath01/25/09 05:45 AM
                                                    The File AbstractionHoward Chu01/25/09 12:49 PM
                                                      The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/26/09 08:23 AM
                                                        The File AbstractionMichael S01/26/09 12:39 PM
                                                          The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/26/09 01:31 PM
                                                            The File AbstractionDean Kent01/26/09 02:06 PM
                                                              The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/26/09 03:29 PM
                                                                The File AbstractionMark Christiansen01/27/09 08:24 AM
                                                                  The File AbstractionMark Christiansen01/27/09 09:14 AM
                                                                  The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/27/09 09:15 AM
                                                                    The File Abstractionslacker01/27/09 10:20 AM
                                                                      The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/27/09 12:16 PM
                                                                        Attributes All The Way DownMark Christiansen01/27/09 01:17 PM
                                                                        The File Abstractionslacker01/27/09 04:25 PM
                                                                          The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/28/09 07:17 AM
                                                                            The File Abstraction: API thoughtsCarlie Coats01/28/09 08:35 AM
                                                                            The File Abstractionslacker01/28/09 09:09 AM
                                                                              The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/28/09 12:44 PM
                                                                                Programs already 'hide' their metadata in the bytestream, unbeknownst to usersanon01/28/09 08:28 PM
                                                                                The File Abstractionslacker01/29/09 09:39 AM
                                                                                  The File AbstractionLinus Torvalds01/29/09 10:08 AM
                                                                                    The File AbstractionDean Kent01/29/09 10:49 AM
                                                                                      The File AbstractionHoward Chu01/29/09 01:58 PM
                                                                                        The File Abstractionrwessel01/29/09 03:23 PM
                                                                                    Extended Attributes in Actionslacker01/29/09 02:05 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in Actionstubar01/29/09 03:49 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in ActionLinus Torvalds01/29/09 04:15 PM
                                                                                        Like Duhanon01/29/09 06:42 PM
                                                                                          Like Duhanon01/29/09 08:15 PM
                                                                                            Like Duhanon02/01/09 06:18 PM
                                                                                              Double Duh.Anonymous02/01/09 09:58 PM
                                                                                                Double Duh.anon02/02/09 01:08 AM
                                                                                                  Double Duh.Anonymous02/02/09 04:11 PM
                                                                                                    Double Duh.anon02/02/09 06:33 PM
                                                                                              Like DuhDavid Kanter02/01/09 10:05 PM
                                                                                                Like Duhpeter02/01/09 10:55 PM
                                                                                                Like Duhanon02/02/09 12:55 AM
                                                                                                Xattrs, Solar power, regulation and politicsRob Thorpe02/02/09 03:36 AM
                                                                                                  Terminology seems too fuzzy to mehobold02/02/09 05:14 AM
                                                                                                    Terminology seems too fuzzy to merwessel02/02/09 11:33 AM
                                                                                                      good summaryMichael S02/03/09 01:41 AM
                                                                                                        good summaryMark Christiansen02/03/09 08:57 AM
                                                                                                          good summaryHoward Chu02/03/09 09:21 AM
                                                                                                            good summaryMark Christiansen02/03/09 10:18 AM
                                                                                                              good summaryHoward Chu02/03/09 11:00 AM
                                                                                                                good summaryMark Christiansen02/03/09 11:36 AM
                                                                                                          good summaryRagingDragon02/03/09 09:39 PM
                                                                                                            good summaryrwessel02/03/09 10:03 PM
                                                                                                              good summaryRagingDragon02/03/09 10:46 PM
                                                                                                      Terminology seems too fuzzy to meslacker02/04/09 04:06 PM
                                                                                                        Terminology seems too fuzzy to meMichael S02/05/09 12:05 AM
                                                                                                          Terminology seems too fuzzy to meUngo02/05/09 12:15 PM
                                                                                                          Terminology seems too fuzzy to meslacker02/05/09 01:19 PM
                                                                                                            Terminology seems too fuzzy to meHoward Chu02/05/09 03:44 PM
                                                                                          Like Duhiz01/30/09 01:03 AM
                                                                                          EAs (security labels) hosed me badlyanon01/30/09 08:48 PM
                                                                                        Extended Attributes in ActionRagingDragon01/29/09 08:31 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in Actionanonymous01/29/09 07:13 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu01/29/09 08:38 PM
                                                                                        Extended Attributes in Actionslacker01/30/09 10:24 AM
                                                                                          Extended Attributes in Actionanon01/30/09 04:50 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in ActionEtienne Lehnart01/29/09 11:22 PM
                                                                                      Extended Attributes in ActionRob Thorpe01/30/09 11:39 AM
                                                                                        Extended Attributes in Actionslacker01/30/09 12:16 PM
                                                                                          Extended Attributes in Actionanon01/30/09 05:03 PM
                                                                                          Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu01/30/09 10:22 PM
                                                                                            Extended Attributes in Actionrwessel01/30/09 11:08 PM
                                                                                              Extended Attributes in Actionanonymous01/30/09 11:22 PM
                                                                                                Extended Attributes in Actionrwessel01/30/09 11:56 PM
                                                                                                  ScalingDean Kent01/31/09 08:04 AM
                                                                                                    ScalingRob Thorpe02/02/09 01:39 AM
                                                                                                      Scalingrwessel02/02/09 10:41 AM
                                                                                                        ScalingHoward Chu02/02/09 11:30 AM
                                                                                                          ScalingDean Kent02/02/09 01:27 PM
                                                                                                            ScalingRob Thorpe02/03/09 04:08 AM
                                                                                                              ScalingDean Kent02/03/09 06:38 AM
                                                                                                              Scalingrwessel02/03/09 01:34 PM
                                                                                                                ScalingRagingDragon02/03/09 09:46 PM
                                                                                                    in defense of software that does not scaleMatt Sayler02/03/09 10:27 AM
                                                                                                      in defense of software that does not scaleHoward Chu02/03/09 11:03 AM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleMatt Sayler02/03/09 11:17 AM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleRagingDragon02/03/09 10:00 PM
                                                                                                          in defense of software that does not scaleMichael S02/04/09 05:46 AM
                                                                                                            in defense of software that does not scaleRagingDragon02/04/09 08:33 PM
                                                                                                      in defense of software that does not scaleDean Kent02/03/09 11:17 AM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleMatt Sayler02/03/09 11:24 AM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleVincent Diepeveen02/04/09 09:43 AM
                                                                                                      in defense of software that does not scalerwessel02/03/09 01:44 PM
                                                                                                        in defense of software that does not scaleanon02/04/09 01:35 AM
                                                                                                          in defense of software that does not scaleCarlie Coats02/04/09 04:24 AM
                                                                                                      Scaling with time vs. scaling from the beginning.mpx02/05/09 12:57 AM
                                                                                                  Extended Attributes in ActionMichael S01/31/09 09:33 AM
                                                                                                  Extended Attributes in Actionanon01/31/09 09:37 PM
                                                                                          Extended Attributes in ActionJasonB01/31/09 07:11 AM
                                                                                            Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu01/31/09 10:43 AM
                                                                                              Extended Attributes in ActionJasonB01/31/09 03:37 PM
                                                                                                Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu02/02/09 01:42 PM
                                                                                                  Extended Attributes in ActionHoward Chu02/02/09 01:44 PM
                                                                    The File AbstractionRob Thorpe01/27/09 10:20 AM
                                                              The File AbstractionHoward Chu01/26/09 11:28 PM
                                                                The File AbstractionMichael S01/27/09 02:00 AM
                                                                The File AbstractionDean Kent01/27/09 07:30 AM
                                                        The File AbstractionAndi Kleen01/27/09 01:05 AM
                                  SLC vs. MLCMichel01/12/09 05:54 PM
                                    SLC vs. MLCLinus Torvalds01/12/09 06:38 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCrwessel01/12/09 11:52 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCUngo01/13/09 02:04 PM
                                        SLC vs. MLCWes Felter01/13/09 04:42 PM
                                      SLC vs. MLCTruePath01/25/09 04:05 AM
                    SLC vs. MLCUngo08/21/08 11:54 AM
                    SLC vs. MLCAaron Spink08/21/08 12:20 PM
                  MLC vs. SLCMichael S08/21/08 07:57 AM
                First Dunnington benchmark resultsrwessel08/21/08 09:40 AM
              First Dunnington benchmark resultsAaron Spink08/21/08 02:18 AM
      First Dunnington benchmark resultsEtienne Lehnart08/20/08 03:38 AM
  Will x86 dominate big iron?Tom W08/19/08 09:10 PM
    Will x86 dominate big iron?Jesper Frimann08/19/08 11:28 PM
      Will x86 dominate big iron?Tom W08/20/08 02:42 PM
        Will x86 dominate big iron?David Kanter08/21/08 12:13 AM
          Will x86 dominate big iron?Joe Chang08/21/08 05:54 AM
            Will x86 dominate big iron?asdf08/22/08 12:18 PM
              Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/22/08 06:54 PM
        Will x86 dominate big iron?Jesper Frimann08/22/08 08:48 AM
          Will x86 dominate big iron?Tom W08/24/08 12:06 AM
            Will x86 dominate big iron?Michael S08/24/08 03:19 AM
              Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/24/08 08:30 AM
                Will x86 dominate big iron?Paul08/24/08 10:16 AM
                  Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/24/08 11:37 AM
                Will x86 dominate big iron?Michael S08/24/08 11:53 PM
        Will x86 dominate big iron?someone08/22/08 09:19 AM
          Will x86 dominate big iron?aaron spink08/23/08 01:56 AM
            Will x86 dominate big iron?Michael S08/23/08 08:58 AM
              Will x86 dominate big iron?someone08/23/08 12:51 PM
            Will x86 dominate big iron?someone08/23/08 12:55 PM
              Will x86 dominate big iron?Aaron Spink08/23/08 03:52 PM
                Will x86 dominate big iron?anonymous08/23/08 04:28 PM
                  Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/23/08 05:12 PM
                    Off road and topicEduardoS08/23/08 05:28 PM
                  Will x86 dominate big iron?someone08/23/08 05:26 PM
                    Will x86 dominate big iron?Dean Kent08/23/08 08:40 PM
                    Will x86 dominate big iron?anonymous08/24/08 12:46 AM
                  Off road and topicDavid W. Hess08/24/08 02:24 AM
                    Off road and topicAaron Spink08/24/08 03:14 AM
  Beckton vs. DunningtonMr. Camel08/22/08 05:30 AM
    Beckton vs. Dunningtonjokerman08/22/08 11:12 AM
    Beckton vs. DunningtonMr. Camel05/29/09 09:16 AM
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How do you spell green?