150 GFLOP/s measured?

Article: PhysX87: Software Deficiency
By: Richard Cownie (tich.delete@this.pobox.com), July 20, 2010 5:04 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
Linus Torvalds (torvalds@linux-foundation.org) on 7/19/10 wrote:
>Put another way: ants probably use a lot more neurons
>globally for their work than humans do. And they probably
>have affected the global ecosystem more than humans have
>had time to do. But there's still a purely qualitative
>difference between somebody having a conscious thought and
>lots of ants scurrying about.

Well, the past month I've been struggling to contain
hundreds of tiny ants invading my kitchen. It seems they're
smarter than me overall :-)

On the wider issue, it seems to me that OoO, together
with a memory hierarchy based on caches that operate
without (much) explicit software control, is absolutely
the right choice for systems where either a) you don't
know in advance what algorithms it's going to run,
or b) you know in advance what algorithms you're going
to run, but those algorithms have a fair amount of
unpredictable behavior (especially unpredictable memory
access patterns). That still leaves quite a few areas
where highly-tuned code on in-order cores, possibly
with explicit control of the memory hierarchy, can be
effective. Though since OoO uses more silicon and less
software effort, the long-term trends of hardware getting
cheaper while people get more expensive will keep
expanding the applicability of OoO.

Also software is going to (or at least *should*) evolve
in interesting ways in response to the rise of OoO
architectures. We have a whole lot of research into
algorithm and data structure design based on a 1960s/70s
model of machines where instructions are sequential
and expensive and data accesses are uniform and cheap.
And now the interesting OoO machines have instructions
which often go in parallel and are almost free, while
memory accesses are highly non-uniform and massively
expensive (e.g. 0.3nsec cycle time vs 100nsec DRAM
latency). You can get a good deal of mileage out of
designing fairly complex-looking data structures with
friendly cache behavior - e.g. packing data into
aligned 64B or 128B chunks to match the cache lines,
using hashing (traverse O(1) cache lines to get to the
data) rather than trees (O(logN) cache lines to get to
the data). And the the instruction-level parallelism of
OoO helps out too: if you need to look at 8*8bytes in a
cache line, you may be able to write it as non-dependent
instructions that end up executing in parallel.

In short, you *can* optimize for OoO machines, and get
a lot of mileage out of it. But it tends to involve
thinking at a higher level about the data structure
design, and then letting the OoO engine take care of
the cycle-by-cycle details.
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TopicPosted ByDate
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      A bit off baseanon2010/07/08 01:15 AM
        A bit off baseGabriele Svelto2010/07/08 03:11 AM
          Physics engine historyPeter Clare2010/07/08 03:49 AM
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                      Physics engine historysJ2010/07/13 05:49 AM
                      Physics engine historyfvdbergh2010/07/13 06:27 AM
    A bit off baseJohn Mann2010/07/08 10:11 AM
      A bit off baseDavid Kanter2010/07/08 10:31 AM
        150 GFLOP/s measured?anon2010/07/08 06:10 PM
          150 GFLOP/s measured?David Kanter2010/07/08 06:53 PM
            150 GFLOP/s measured?Aaron Spink2010/07/08 08:05 PM
              150 GFLOP/s measured?anon2010/07/08 08:31 PM
                150 GFLOP/s measured?Aaron Spink2010/07/08 09:43 PM
                  150 GFLOP/s measured?David Kanter2010/07/08 10:27 PM
                    150 GFLOP/s measured?Ian Ollmann2010/07/19 12:14 AM
                      150 GFLOP/s measured?anon2010/07/19 05:39 AM
                        150 GFLOP/s measured?hobold2010/07/19 06:26 AM
                          Philosophy for achieving peakDavid Kanter2010/07/19 10:49 AM
                      150 GFLOP/s measured?Linus Torvalds2010/07/19 06:36 AM
                        150 GFLOP/s measured?Richard Cownie2010/07/19 07:42 AM
                          150 GFLOP/s measured?Aaron Spink2010/07/19 07:56 AM
                            150 GFLOP/s measured?hobold2010/07/19 08:30 AM
                              150 GFLOP/s measured?Groo2010/07/19 01:31 PM
                                150 GFLOP/s measured?hobold2010/07/19 03:17 PM
                                  150 GFLOP/s measured?Groo2010/07/19 05:18 PM
                              150 GFLOP/s measured?Anon2010/07/19 05:18 PM
                            150 GFLOP/s measured?Mark Roulo2010/07/19 10:47 AM
                              150 GFLOP/s measured?slacker2010/07/19 11:55 AM
                                150 GFLOP/s measured?Mark Roulo2010/07/19 12:00 PM
                              150 GFLOP/s measured?anonymous422010/07/25 11:31 AM
                            150 GFLOP/s measured?Richard Cownie2010/07/19 11:41 AM
                              150 GFLOP/s measured?Linus Torvalds2010/07/19 01:57 PM
                                150 GFLOP/s measured?Richard Cownie2010/07/19 03:10 PM
                                150 GFLOP/s measured?Richard Cownie2010/07/19 03:10 PM
                                  150 GFLOP/s measured?hobold2010/07/19 03:25 PM
                                  150 GFLOP/s measured?Linus Torvalds2010/07/19 03:31 PM
                                    150 GFLOP/s measured?Richard Cownie2010/07/20 05:04 AM
                                150 GFLOP/s measured?jrl2010/07/20 12:18 AM
                            150 GFLOP/s measured?anonymous422010/07/25 11:00 AM
                              150 GFLOP/s measured?David Kanter2010/07/25 11:52 AM
                          150 GFLOP/s measured?Anon2010/07/19 05:15 PM
                            150 GFLOP/s measured?Linus Torvalds2010/07/19 06:27 PM
                              150 GFLOP/s measured?Anon2010/07/19 08:54 PM
                                150 GFLOP/s measured?anon2010/07/19 10:45 PM
                        150 GFLOP/s measured?hobold2010/07/19 08:14 AM
                          150 GFLOP/s measured?Linus Torvalds2010/07/19 10:56 AM
                            150 GFLOP/s measured?a reader2010/07/21 07:16 PM
                              150 GFLOP/s measured?Linus Torvalds2010/07/21 08:05 PM
                                150 GFLOP/s measured?anon2010/07/22 01:09 AM
                                  150 GFLOP/s measured?a reader2010/07/22 06:53 PM
                                    150 GFLOP/s measured?gallier22010/07/23 04:58 AM
                                      150 GFLOP/s measured?a reader2010/07/25 07:35 AM
                                        150 GFLOP/s measured?David Kanter2010/07/25 10:49 AM
                                          150 GFLOP/s measured?a reader2010/07/26 06:03 PM
                                            150 GFLOP/s measured?Michael S2010/07/28 12:38 AM
                                              150 GFLOP/s measured?Gabriele Svelto2010/07/28 12:44 AM
                                    150 GFLOP/s measured?anon2010/07/23 03:55 PM
                                      150 GFLOP/s measured?slacker2010/07/23 11:48 PM
                                        150 GFLOP/s measured?anon2010/07/24 01:36 AM
                                    150 GFLOP/s measured?Vincent Diepeveen2010/07/27 04:37 PM
                                      150 GFLOP/s measured??2010/07/27 10:42 PM
                                        150 GFLOP/s measured?slacker2010/07/28 04:55 AM
                                      Intel's clock rate projectionsAM2010/07/28 01:03 AM
                                        nostalgia ain't what it used to besomeone2010/07/28 04:38 AM
                                          Intel's clock rate projectionsAM2010/07/28 09:12 PM
                        Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-ness?2010/07/20 06:19 AM
                          Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessMark Christiansen2010/07/20 01:26 PM
                          Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessslacker2010/07/20 05:04 PM
                            Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessMatt Sayler2010/07/20 05:10 PM
                              Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessslacker2010/07/20 08:37 PM
                                Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-ness?2010/07/20 10:51 PM
                                  Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessanon2010/07/21 01:16 AM
                                    Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-ness?2010/07/21 06:05 AM
                                      Software conventionsPaul A. Clayton2010/07/21 07:52 AM
                                        Software conventions?2010/07/22 04:43 AM
                                      SpeculationDavid Kanter2010/07/21 09:32 AM
                                        Pipelining affects the ISA?2010/07/22 09:58 PM
                                          Pipelining affects the ISA?2010/07/22 10:14 PM
                                          Pipelining affects the ISArwessel2010/07/22 11:03 PM
                                            Pipelining affects the ISA?2010/07/23 04:50 AM
                                            Pipelining affects the ISA?2010/07/23 05:10 AM
                                              Pipelining affects the ISAThiago Kurovski2010/07/23 01:59 PM
                                                Pipelining affects the ISAanon2010/07/24 06:35 AM
                                                  Pipelining affects the ISAThiago Kurovski2010/07/24 10:12 AM
                                          Pipelining affects the ISAGabriele Svelto2010/07/26 01:50 AM
                                            Pipelining affects the ISAIlleglWpns2010/07/26 04:14 AM
                                              Pipelining affects the ISAMichael S2010/07/26 02:33 PM
                                      Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessanon2010/07/21 04:53 PM
                                        Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-ness?2010/07/22 03:15 AM
                                          Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessanon2010/07/22 03:27 AM
                                      Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessslacker2010/07/21 06:45 PM
                                        Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessanon2010/07/22 12:57 AM
                                        Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-ness?2010/07/22 04:26 AM
                                          Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessDan Downs2010/07/22 07:14 AM
                                          Confusing and not very useful definitionDavid Kanter2010/07/22 11:41 AM
                                            Confusing and not very useful definition?2010/07/22 09:58 PM
                                              Confusing and not very useful definitionUngo2010/07/24 11:06 AM
                                                Confusing and not very useful definition?2010/07/25 09:23 PM
                            Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nesssomeone2010/07/20 07:02 PM
                              Separate the OoO-ness from speculative-nessThiago Kurovski2010/07/21 03:13 PM
            You are just quoting SINGLE precision flops? OMG what planet do you live? Vincent Diepeveen2010/07/19 09:26 AM
              The prior poster was talking about SP (NT)David Kanter2010/07/19 10:34 AM
                All FFT's need double precisionVincent Diepeveen2010/07/19 01:02 PM
                  All FFT's need double precisionDavid Kanter2010/07/19 01:09 PM
                    All FFT's need double precisionVincent Diepeveen2010/07/19 03:06 PM
                  All FFT's need double precision - notMichael S2010/07/20 12:16 AM
                    All FFT's need double precision - notUngo2010/07/20 11:04 PM
                      All FFT's need double precision - notMichael S2010/07/21 01:35 PM
                      All FFT's need double precision - notEduardoS2010/07/21 01:52 PM
                        All FFT's need double precision - notAnon2010/07/21 04:23 PM
                          All FFT's need double precision - notRicardo B2010/07/26 06:46 AM
                        I'm on a boat!anon2010/07/22 10:42 AM
                        All FFT's need double precision - notVincent Diepeveen2010/07/24 10:39 PM
                          All FFT's need double precision - notslacker2010/07/25 02:27 AM
                            All FFT's need double precision - notRicardo B2010/07/26 06:40 AM
                          All FFT's need double precision - notEduardoS2010/07/25 07:37 AM
                            All FFT's need double precision - notMichael S2010/07/25 09:43 AM
                    All FFT's need double precision - notVincent Diepeveen2010/07/24 10:19 PM
      A bit off baseEduardoS2010/07/08 03:08 PM
        A bit off baseGroo2010/07/08 05:11 PM
          A bit off basejohn mann2010/07/08 05:58 PM
            All right...let's cool it...David Kanter2010/07/08 06:54 PM
    A bit off baseVincent Diepeveen2010/07/19 02:36 PM
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