File size optimizations

Article: Bulldozer Benchmarks, What Do They Mean?
By: David Kanter (dkanter.delete@this.realworldtech.com), April 25, 2011 7:49 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
jrl (j@r.l) on 4/25/11 wrote:
---------------------------
>David Kanter (dkanter@realworldtech.com) on 4/24/11 wrote:
>---------------------------
>>Well, there's a lot more than just the forums. We have a lot of articles and images
>>for those articles. The real issue is the data transferred. Right now, we've used
>>about 75GB this month - and there's still a week left.
>
>You should trivially be able to cut that in half using five optimizations:
>
>1. gzip compression of text
>2. Minification of javascript and CSS
>3. Enabling the "Expires" and "Cache-Control" header in HTTP headers
>4. Judicious selection of PNG vs JPG
>5. Serving static content from a cheap web host
>
>Explanations:
>
>1. Web servers can compress content on-the-fly before serving to clients.
>Your forum post (the one I'm replying to) was 171686 bytes in text alone. However,
>if gzipped, it is only 12500 bytes. That's a 93% file size >reduction.

Yes, this is one of the reasons we want to use dedicated hosting. Our current shared hosting environment does not allow compression.

>2. javascript and CSS can be "minified" by removing unnecessary whitespace,
>shortening local variable and method names, and so on. Using csstidy
>or YUI compressor on the 3 major .js and .css files used on this website yield the following file size reductions:
>
>

That's not unreasonable.

>3. HTTP headers support the "Expires" field. This is a signal to browsers
>for how long to cache content from a website (rather than redownloading the content
>every time they refresh a page). Content like banner images or javascript files
>are frequently-loaded by users, but the content itself is static for weeks, months,
>or even years. Let's take look at the HTTP headers for the banner image on the forum:
>
>
>
>Although there is an ETag (which is also a signal to the browser for caching purposes),
>it is better to have an explicit Cache-Control field in the HTTP headers. If I host
>the same banner image from my web server, you can see the additional field:
>
>
    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    >Date: Mon, 25 Apr 2011 09:26:04 GMT
    >Server: Apache/2.2.16 (Debian) PHP/5.3.3-7+squeeze1
    >Last-Modified: Mon, 08 Mar 2010 04:10:50 GMT
    >ETag: "135c9da-32cd-4814240184680"
    >Accept-Ranges: bytes
    >Content-Length: 13005
    >Cache-Control: max-age=2592000
    >Expires: Wed, 25 May 2011 09:26:04 GMT
    >Connection: close
    >Content-Type: image/png

>
>This is because I use mod-expires in Apache. It has
>been configured to tell clients to cache images for 1 month (2592000 seconds = 30 days).

Is there a way to over-ride the client side caching? I.e. suppose I have an article that I found a mistake in the image (or text) - can I force the client to reload?

>4. PNG and JPG are best-suited for differing applications. PNG is lossless,
>and is it good for flat text and illustrations with a limited number of colours.
>JPG is great for photorealistic images. It is important to choose the right image format for the job.

>(Note: not all image encoders are created equally. Using pngcrush,
>it is usually possible to further compress a PNG >(losslessly) beyond the encoding done by image editing >tools).

I extensively use PNG. Some of our older files may be in different formats though.

>Here is an analysis of 3 images from this site:
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>(Note: good quality JPG = low compression; mediocre quality JPG = high compression)
>
>The first image is tricky. It has text, but with soft edges. It turns out that
>the image can be converted to JPG with virtually no >reduction in perceptible image quality.
>
>The second image is a good candidate for JPG compression. Although there is some
>text, this image is mostly a muddle of colours with soft edges. Using high JPG compression
>("mediocre quality"), a massive 68% reduction in file size is achieved, with little impact on overall image quality.
>
>The third image is an ideal candidate for PNG: sharp text, flat colours, and sharp
>edges. In fact, converting this image to a JPG increases the file size, and the image quality still suffers.
>
>Finally, take notice of the fact that pngcrush was
>able to (losslessly) reduce the size of all three images. If nothing else, you should
>run pngcrush on all PNGs on the RWT server. You'll likely
>see an average of a 20% file size reduction across all PNG images.
>
>5. You say that it is expensive for you to transfer 75 - 150GB/month from
>your current host. This shouldn't be the case, because >data transfers only cost
>10 cents/GB from a premium provider. I infer that your >current host is overcharging for data transfers.

No, our current host actually provides quite a bit of bandwidth. I'm not thrilled with the quality, since it's shitty cogent bandwidth, but it certainly delivers content.

One of the things I'm looking forward to with a new host is lower latency access to the site. Honestly, the latency is pretty bad for what we are doing.

>Thus, move all static content/images to a less-expensive >service, and only serve
>dynamic content from your current provider. You will have >to add a CNAME record to cover the new system.
>
>This isn't a technology optimization, per se, but a >financial one. It is a workaround
>to the cost structure imposed by your >Windows/Coldfusion/SQL Server host (only use them to serve >dynamic content).

I had not thought about that.

David
< Previous Post in ThreadNext Post in Thread >
TopicPosted ByDate
New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisDavid Kanter2011/03/30 02:27 AM
  New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisNaN2011/03/30 07:47 AM
    New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisDavid Kanter2011/03/30 09:25 AM
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                  Post removedDavid Kanter2011/04/02 12:39 PM
          New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisanonymous2011/04/04 05:08 AM
      New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisinterested2011/04/01 03:28 PM
        New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisDavid Kanter2011/04/01 03:53 PM
          New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisNaN2011/04/02 07:12 AM
            New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisDavid Kanter2011/04/02 09:05 AM
              New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisNaN2011/04/02 09:24 AM
                New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisDavid Kanter2011/04/02 12:36 PM
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                      AMD's Open64 compiler ?Richard Cownie2011/04/04 09:52 AM
                        AMD's Open64 compiler ?David Kanter2011/04/04 01:20 PM
                          AMD's Open64 compiler ?none2011/04/04 02:25 PM
                        AMD's Open64 compiler ?gallier22011/04/04 11:06 PM
                          thanks, very interesting (NT)Richard Cownie2011/04/05 03:44 AM
                          AMD's Open64 compiler ?Andreas Stiller2011/04/05 08:23 AM
                        AMD's Open64 compiler ?Vincent Diepeveen2011/04/06 01:11 AM
                      AMD's Open64 compiler ?Vincent Diepeveen2011/04/06 01:01 AM
                        AMD's Open64 compiler ?none2011/04/06 01:41 AM
                          AMD's Open64 compiler ?Vincent Diepeveen2011/04/07 02:02 PM
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                              AMD's Open64 compiler ?Megol2011/04/09 11:03 AM
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                                                  Clang+LLVM?2011/04/14 11:56 PM
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                                                      Clang+LLVM?2011/04/15 10:11 PM
                                                        Clang+LLVMLinus Torvalds2011/04/16 08:10 AM
                                                          Clang+LLVMLinus Torvalds2011/04/16 08:32 AM
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                                                            Clang+LLVMEduardoS2011/04/17 12:38 PM
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                                                                Competing for speed?2011/04/17 10:57 PM
                                                                  Competing for speedLinus Torvalds2011/04/18 09:07 AM
                                                                    Competing for speedanon2011/04/18 05:38 PM
                                                                      Competing for speedLinus Torvalds2011/04/18 07:24 PM
                                                                        Competing for speedanon2011/04/19 05:05 AM
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                                                                            Competing for speedLinus Torvalds2011/04/22 11:09 AM
                                                                    Competing for speed?2011/04/18 11:45 PM
                                                                      Competing for speedLinus Torvalds2011/04/19 06:41 AM
                                                                        Competing for speedLinus Torvalds2011/04/19 07:46 AM
                                                                        Oh ... the irony?2011/04/19 10:36 AM
                                                                          Oh ... the ironyLinus Torvalds2011/04/19 01:49 PM
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                                                                              What's the speedup?Linus Torvalds2011/04/20 06:48 AM
                                                                            Oh ... the irony?2011/04/23 05:52 AM
                                                                          Oh ... the ironyDougal2011/04/20 06:23 AM
                                                                            Oh ... the irony?2011/04/25 12:05 PM
                                                                              Oh ... the ironyDougal2011/04/26 05:22 AM
                                                                                Oh ... the irony?2011/04/27 12:14 AM
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                                                    Clang+LLVManon2011/04/16 03:01 PM
                                                      Clang+LLVMRob Thorpe2011/04/18 04:53 AM
                                                        Clang+LLVManon2011/04/18 05:28 PM
                                        Clang+LLVMPaul2011/04/14 10:43 AM
                                  Clang+LLVMFoo_2011/04/12 05:36 AM
                              AMD's Open64 compiler ?Paul2011/04/10 02:50 AM
                                C++ front-endsDavid Kanter2011/04/10 06:29 AM
                                  C++ front-endsPaul2011/04/10 07:19 AM
                                    C++ front-endsanonymous2011/04/10 07:28 AM
                                      C++ front-endsnone2011/04/10 07:36 AM
                                      C++ front-endsPaul2011/04/10 07:44 AM
                                    C++ front-endsMichael S2011/04/10 07:47 AM
                                      C++ front-endsnone2011/04/10 07:51 AM
                                      C++ front-endsRob Thorpe2011/04/10 11:13 AM
                                        C++ front-endsPaul2011/04/11 10:07 AM
                                AMD's Open64 compiler ?Konrad Schwarz2011/04/14 01:06 AM
                              Testing Clang + LLVMVincent Diepeveen2011/04/20 06:31 AM
                                Does your program crash when compiled with -O0? (NT)Michael S2011/04/20 10:11 AM
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                                Testing Clang + LLVMMegol2011/04/20 11:05 AM
                                  Testing Clang + LLVMVincent Diepeveen2011/04/20 11:43 AM
                                    Testing Clang + LLVMstubar2011/04/20 12:23 PM
                                      Testing Clang + LLVMVincent Diepeveen2011/04/20 12:42 PM
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                                          Testing Clang + LLVMahnoun2011/04/20 03:13 PM
                                            Testing Clang + LLVMMark Roulo2011/04/20 04:05 PM
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                                        Testing Clang + LLVMnone2011/04/21 02:36 AM
                                        Testing Clang + LLVMahnoun2011/04/21 11:02 AM
                                          Testing Clang + LLVMMichael S2011/04/21 12:01 PM
                                            Testing Clang + LLVMMichael S2011/04/21 03:29 PM
                                              Testing Clang + LLVMBrett2011/04/21 04:49 PM
                                              Testing Clang + LLVMEduardoS2011/04/22 02:22 PM
                                                Testing Clang + LLVMMichael S2011/04/23 09:59 AM
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                                Testing Clang + LLVMBrett2011/04/20 12:54 PM
                            AMD's Open64 compiler ?Megol2011/04/09 10:49 AM
                              Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)?2011/04/10 12:36 AM
                                Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)?2011/04/10 12:43 AM
                                Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)Paul2011/04/10 02:37 AM
                                  Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)?2011/04/10 05:30 AM
                                  Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)Vincent Diepeveen2011/04/10 06:20 AM
                                  Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)Gabriele Svelto2011/04/11 08:24 AM
                                  Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)Michael S2011/04/12 12:12 AM
                                    Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)?2011/04/12 01:41 AM
                                      Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)EduardoS2011/04/12 03:13 PM
                                        U+269BMichael S2011/04/13 12:45 AM
                                          U+269B?2011/04/13 03:52 AM
                                            U+269BBrendan2011/04/20 07:18 AM
                                              U+269BMichael S2011/04/20 09:11 AM
                                                U+269BHeath Provost2011/04/20 10:26 AM
                                                  You are right, Heath. Sorry, Brannon.Michael S2011/04/20 10:42 AM
                                                    Sorry again, Brendan (NT)Michael S2011/04/20 10:43 AM
                                                    Testing western non-us letters.Jouni Osmala2011/04/20 09:41 PM
                                                      Those show up fine to me (NT)David Kanter2011/04/21 07:48 AM
                                                      Testing western non-us letters.Heath Provost2011/04/21 11:15 AM
                                                        Testing western non-us letters.EduardoS2011/04/22 02:14 PM
                                                          Testing western non-us letters.Heath Provost2011/04/22 03:21 PM
                                                            Testing western non-us letters.EduardoS2011/04/22 04:24 PM
                                                            We actually upgraded to 2008 R2David Kanter2011/04/22 10:23 PM
                                                              We actually upgraded to 2008 R2EduardoS2011/04/22 10:33 PM
                                                                We actually upgraded to 2008 R2rwessel2011/04/22 11:11 PM
                                                                  We actually upgraded to 2008 R2David Kanter2011/04/22 11:28 PM
                                                                    We actually upgraded to 2008 R2Ricardo B2011/04/23 09:43 AM
                                                                      We actually upgraded to 2008 R2David Kanter2011/04/23 10:31 AM
                                                                    We actually upgraded to 2008 R2sparkplug2011/04/23 08:25 PM
                                                                      We actually upgraded to 2008 R2David Kanter2011/04/24 03:36 PM
                                                                        We actually upgraded to 2008 R2anon2011/04/24 06:32 PM
                                                                          We actually upgraded to 2008 R2David Kanter2011/04/24 11:12 PM
                                                                        We actually upgraded to 2008 R2EduardoS2011/04/24 08:10 PM
                                                                          We actually upgraded to 2008 R2David Kanter2011/04/24 11:04 PM
                                                                        We actually upgraded to 2008 R2anonymous2011/04/24 08:44 PM
                                                                          We actually upgraded to 2008 R2David Kanter2011/04/24 10:57 PM
                                                                        File size optimizationsjrl2011/04/25 02:03 AM
                                                                          File size optimizationsRicardo B2011/04/25 07:14 AM
                                                                            File size optimizationsjrl2011/04/25 05:52 PM
                                                                          File size optimizationsDavid Kanter2011/04/25 07:49 AM
                                                                            File size optimizationsRicardo B2011/04/25 08:22 AM
                                                                              ContinuationRicardo B2011/04/25 08:25 AM
                                                                              File size optimizationsChristian Packmann2011/04/25 09:56 AM
                                                                                File size optimizationsEduardoS2011/04/25 11:57 AM
                                                                                  File size optimizationsRicardo B2011/04/25 01:01 PM
                                                                            File size optimizationsEduardoS2011/04/25 12:01 PM
                                                                            Javascript is at the root of the latency problemjrl2011/04/25 06:03 PM
                                                                          File size optimizationsEduardoS2011/04/25 12:14 PM
                                                                            File size optimizationsrwessel2011/04/25 12:49 PM
                                                                              File size optimizationsEduardoS2011/04/25 12:57 PM
                                                                            File size optimizationsjrl2011/04/25 05:54 PM
                                                                              A simple approachSilent2011/04/25 09:24 PM
                                                                                Show Thread exists but the default is Yes (NT)Silent2011/04/25 09:26 PM
                                                                          File size optimizationsHeath Provost2011/04/25 02:02 PM
                                    Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)Azazel2011/04/12 08:23 PM
                                Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)none2011/04/10 06:00 AM
                                  Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)dmsc2011/04/10 06:39 AM
                                  Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)EduardoS2011/04/10 12:55 PM
                                compiler failure rateshobold2011/04/10 10:55 AM
                                  compiler failure rates?2011/04/10 11:13 PM
                                    compiler failure rateshobold2011/04/11 05:07 AM
                                Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)EduardoS2011/04/10 12:55 PM
                                  Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)?2011/04/10 11:13 PM
                                    Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)Konrad Schwarz2011/04/14 01:28 AM
                                      Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)gallier22011/04/14 04:47 AM
                                      Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)EduardoS2011/04/14 02:04 PM
                                        Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)Konrad Schwarz2011/04/15 03:43 AM
                                Hard register problemsRob Thorpe2011/04/11 12:14 AM
                                  Hard register problemsMax2011/04/11 03:05 PM
                                    Hard register problemsRob Thorpe2011/04/11 03:28 PM
                                Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)gallier22011/04/11 09:26 AM
                                  I wonder why.j2011/04/11 10:39 PM
                                    I wonder why.?2011/04/11 11:44 PM
                                Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)nksingh2011/04/12 11:00 PM
                                  Imperative compilers (and the lack of it)?2011/04/12 11:23 PM
                              AMD's Open64 compiler ?Vincent Diepeveen2011/04/10 06:06 AM
                                AMD's Open64 compiler ?none2011/04/10 07:23 AM
                                  AMD's Open64 compiler ?Eugene Nalimov2011/04/11 03:57 PM
                                    AMD's Open64 compiler ?EduardoS2011/04/12 02:55 PM
                                AMD's Open64 compiler ?Megol2011/04/10 11:05 PM
                                  AMD's Open64 compiler ?Vincent Diepeveen2011/04/20 12:52 PM
                                    Yap transform? What is it? (NT)Michael S2011/04/21 09:04 AM
                                      Yap transform? What is it? (NT)Vincent Diepeveen2011/04/22 02:56 AM
                    AMD's Open64 compiler ?Vincent Diepeveen2011/04/05 12:02 PM
    New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisNaN2011/03/30 05:24 PM
      New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisChris2011/04/05 03:33 AM
  New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisdc2011/03/30 08:09 AM
    New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisMS2011/03/30 08:53 AM
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        AMD's memory controllers are fineDavid Kanter2011/03/31 09:27 AM
          AMD's memory controllers are fineanon2011/04/05 11:24 AM
            AMD's memory controllers are fineanon2011/04/05 04:52 PM
              AMD's memory controllers are fineVincent Diepeveen2011/04/06 01:36 AM
                AMD's memory controllers are fineanon2011/04/06 06:59 AM
                  AMD's memory controllers are fineVincent Diepeveen2011/04/07 02:15 PM
                    AMD's memory controllers are fineVincent Diepeveen2011/04/07 02:27 PM
                      AMD's memory controllers are fineanon2011/04/07 02:57 PM
                    AMD's memory controllers are fineanon2011/04/07 02:54 PM
        New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisAzazel2011/03/31 09:54 AM
        New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisAlex2011/03/31 11:38 PM
      New article: Bulldozer benchmark analysisanon2011/04/01 03:23 AM
    Streaming conflicts can lead to performance degradationsgc2011/04/08 06:35 AM
  AMD's probe filterAndreas Stiller2011/04/05 08:37 AM
  a waste of timeMoritz2011/04/09 07:01 AM
    a waste of timehorsefly2011/04/09 03:34 PM
      a waste of timeDavid Kanter2011/04/09 06:56 PM
        a waste of timehorsefly2011/04/10 05:13 AM
          InvestorsDavid Kanter2011/04/10 06:27 AM
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