Bulldozer's integer execution units

By: Exophase (exophase.delete@this.gmail.com), April 26, 2012 4:59 pm
Room: Moderated Discussions
David Kanter (dkanter@realworldtech.com) on 4/26/12 wrote:
---------------------------
>I think the first question to ask is whether it matters. In many respects, this
>arrangement seems to mirror the design of the K8. Each 'lane' has an AGU and ALU,
>to handle load+op. Forwarding flows out of the lane from the ALU.
>
>Looking from a SW perspective, what is the case that AGU0-->AGU1 or AGU0-->ALU1 handles?
>
>If you fire off a load from AGU0, you get the result in a register. If some other
>ALU/AGU needs that, it can probably get the result from the L1D forwarding or from the register file directly.
>

Yes, I was just looking at load to load or multiple ALU accesses off of the same load. I took "bypass" here to mean register forwarding (ie, bypassing the register file) but still ending up a register. Should I have taken it to refer to intermediate results only, like those from load + op?

>Hrmmm, why? Intel's AGUs do nothing but address generation IIRC.
>
>DK

Would appear so. Somehow I was under the impression that ports 2 through 4 could handle something outside of loads and stores, but I was mistaken. I suppose there's less need when they have three other ports. It does appear that AMD is at least trying to use the AGLUs for something outside of address generation. Using inc/dec in the post-adjust sense threw a lot of people off but makes much more sense. BTW, does this mean that the pop instruction only issues to the AGUs?

I think I've been thrown off by some misinformation here and have only been gradually getting it straight. Months before BD was released JF-AMD made the claim that K10 had 3 execution ports in which you can do either AGU or ALU, while BD can do 2x ALU + 2x AGU simultaneously and therefore had higher peak throughput. I was pretty sure this was nonsense (that K8/K10 could do all 6 + 3 FPU ops) but I figured that the AGUs would at least be somewhat less coupled to the ALUs.

The other misleading part is the rhetoric about how "that third ALU" was almost never used. In reality the EX ports on BD, which are issued to in everything but loads. I'm sure that ALU frequency analysis involves actual ALU operations only, while the EX units will face additional contention from branches and stores which comprise a large number of instructions.

May be the same execution unit pair arrangement as K8, but missing that third part is pretty costly (minus the useless AGU)
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            So, what do people think of these numbers>Kira2012/04/20 03:32 PM
              So, what do people think of these numbers>EduardoS2012/04/20 04:00 PM
                Bulldozer's Oddities.Joel2012/04/20 04:54 PM
                  In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesDavid Kanter2012/04/20 05:32 PM
                    In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesExophase2012/04/20 07:11 PM
                      In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesEduardoS2012/04/20 07:46 PM
                        In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesExophase2012/04/20 08:18 PM
                          In defense of Bulldozer's Odditiesanonymous2012/04/20 11:26 PM
                            In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesJJB2012/04/20 11:34 PM
                              In defense of Bulldozer's Odditiesimaxx2012/04/21 07:21 AM
                                In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesMichael S2012/04/21 10:42 AM
                                  Bulldozer's integer execution unitsDavid Kanter2012/04/25 04:29 PM
                                    Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/26 12:17 PM
                                      Bulldozer's integer execution unitsanonymous2012/04/26 03:15 PM
                                        Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/26 03:40 PM
                                          Bulldozer's integer execution unitsFoo_2012/04/27 08:21 AM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsMegol2012/04/27 01:38 PM
                                      Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/26 03:47 PM
                                        Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/26 05:02 PM
                                          Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/26 06:03 PM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/26 06:24 PM
                                              Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/26 07:18 PM
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                                                  Bulldozer's cache memory performanceEduardoS2012/04/28 10:06 AM
                                      Bulldozer's integer execution unitsDavid Kanter2012/04/26 04:03 PM
                                        Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/26 04:59 PM
                                          Bulldozer's integer execution unitsDavid Kanter2012/04/26 10:53 PM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/27 08:42 AM
                                              Bulldozer's integer execution unitsDavid Kanter2012/04/27 11:06 AM
                                                Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/27 01:27 PM
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                                          Bulldozer's integer execution unitsMichael S2012/04/27 04:37 AM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/27 08:33 AM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsanonymous2012/04/27 09:03 AM
                                    Renaming FlagsKonrad Schwarz2012/04/27 03:04 AM
                                      Renaming Flagsnone2012/04/27 04:03 AM
                                        Renaming FlagsMegol2012/04/27 12:42 PM
                                    Bulldozer's integer execution unitshcl642012/04/27 04:31 PM
                                      VEX supports 3+ operands. FPU have renaming already(NT)Megol2012/04/28 08:20 AM
                              In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesLinus Torvalds2012/04/21 12:26 PM
                                Thanks for the lessonJJB2012/04/21 02:23 PM
                                  Side note..Linus Torvalds2012/04/21 02:57 PM
                            In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesExophase2012/04/21 12:13 PM
                            In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesEduardoS2012/04/21 12:53 PM
                    In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesGionatan Danti2012/04/21 12:42 PM
                    In defense of Bulldozer's Odditieshcl642012/04/27 05:07 PM
                      In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesDavid Kanter2012/04/28 06:29 AM
                        In defense of Bulldozer's Odditieshcl642012/04/28 02:44 PM
                          In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesDavid Kanter2012/04/28 09:42 PM
                            In defense of Bulldozer's Odditieshcl642012/04/28 10:39 PM
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                    Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/20 08:32 PM
                      Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/21 12:37 PM
                        Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/21 10:16 PM
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                                Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/22 04:17 PM
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                                      Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/22 06:01 PM
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                                        Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/22 11:05 PM
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                      Bulldozer's isn't bad.hcl642012/04/27 05:58 PM
                        Bulldozer's isn't bad.anon2012/04/27 06:16 PM
                          Bulldozer's isn't bad.hcl642012/04/27 07:33 PM
                            Bulldozer's isn't bad.rwessel2012/04/27 11:12 PM
                        Bulldozer's isn't bad.EduardoS2012/04/28 09:29 AM
                          Bulldozer's isn't bad.EduardoS2012/04/28 09:30 AM
                          Bulldozer's isn't bad.Michael S2012/04/28 12:36 PM
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                  Bulldozer's Oddities.mpx2012/04/22 03:47 AM
                    Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/22 01:57 PM
                      Bulldozer's Oddities.mpx2012/04/23 07:04 AM
                        Bulldozer's Oddities.Eric2012/04/23 12:33 PM
                          Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/23 02:22 PM
                            Bulldozer's Oddities.Eric2012/04/23 07:30 PM
                              Bulldozer's Oddities.hcl642012/04/27 06:16 PM
                            Bulldozer's Oddities.Y2012/04/25 04:34 AM
                              Bulldozer's IDIVHeikki Kultala2012/04/27 10:56 PM
                                Bulldozer's IDIVY2012/04/30 01:51 AM
                                  Bulldozer's IDIVEduardoS2012/04/30 05:39 AM
                                    Bulldozer's IDIVP3Dnow2012/05/08 01:23 AM
                                      Bulldozer's IDIVExophase2012/05/08 07:37 AM
                        Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/23 02:15 PM
              Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyPaul A. Clayton2012/04/20 04:10 PM
                Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 12:56 AM
                  Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanonymous2012/04/28 01:43 AM
                    Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 02:59 PM
                      Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanonymous2012/04/28 08:45 PM
                  Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanon2012/04/28 02:13 AM
                    Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 03:23 PM
                      Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanon2012/04/28 06:19 PM
                        Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 07:58 PM
                  Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyDavid Kanter2012/04/28 06:38 AM
                    Guessed meaning of "strong dependency model"Paul A. Clayton2012/04/28 07:24 AM
                      Guessed meaning of "strong dependency model"EduardoS2012/04/28 09:46 AM
                        *Right meaning* about "strong dependency model"hcl642012/04/28 04:59 PM
                    Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 04:24 PM
                      Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanonymous2012/04/28 08:50 PM
                        Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 09:47 PM
                          SNB widthDavid Kanter2012/04/28 09:48 PM
                            SNB widthhcl642012/04/29 02:24 AM
                      Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyDavid Kanter2012/04/28 09:56 PM
                        Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 11:44 PM
                          SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/29 07:19 AM
                            SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/04/29 05:31 PM
                              SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/29 11:26 PM
                                SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/04/30 08:08 AM
                                  SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/30 09:59 AM
                                    SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/04/30 06:10 PM
                                      SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/30 06:32 PM
                                        SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/04/30 10:47 PM
                                          SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/05/01 02:24 AM
                                            SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/05/01 05:46 AM
                                            SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/05/01 06:37 AM
                                              SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/05/01 08:19 AM
                                          SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/05/01 07:39 AM
                                            PD-SOIDavid Kanter2012/05/02 12:22 PM
                                    SOI, FD vs. PDslacker2012/04/30 08:10 PM
                                      SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/30 10:16 PM
                                        SOI, FD vs. PDslacker2012/05/01 10:04 PM
                                          SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/05/02 08:19 AM
                                            SOI, FD vs. PDzou2012/05/02 12:23 PM
                  Previous discussion of clustered MTPaul A. Clayton2012/04/28 07:00 AM
                    Previous discussion of clustered MThcl642012/04/28 09:38 PM
                      Previous discussion of clustered MTDavid Kanter2012/04/30 04:37 PM
                        Previous discussion of clustered MThcl642012/04/30 07:24 PM
                          Previous discussion of clustered MTDavid Kanter2012/04/30 07:40 PM
                            Previous discussion of clustered MThcl642012/05/01 09:15 AM
                              Latency issuesDavid Kanter2012/05/02 12:01 PM
              So, what do people think of these numbers>Megol2012/04/21 01:57 AM
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