In defense of Bulldozer's Oddities

By: Linus Torvalds (torvalds.delete@this.linux-foundation.org), April 21, 2012 12:26 pm
Room: Moderated Discussions
JJB (jjb@example.com) on 4/21/12 wrote:
>
>Now it makes sense! The AGUs can't affect the flags. That's
>actually a moderately sane separation, since the hazards there are so complex, but
>given the x86's flags-heavy architecture, it severely limits the instructions that can be issued.

That makes no sense. Sure, the flags are special, but they
aren't that special.

Besides, if an architect really thinks that flags access
is a major issue, any sane architect will do the trivial
WAW detection, and simply kill the redundant flags. Because
while it is true that in theory almost every single
x86 operation writes the flags, in practice the
flags register is trivially dead for the vast majority of
those same instructions, and you can see that with very
small instruction windows.

In fact, the instruction window could be small enough that
you can just do it at decode time, and if you decode more
than one instruction per cycle, you notice when an earlier
instruction eflags writing is covered by the later ones.
With three or four decoders, I bet that you'd get rid of
half the eflags writes that way.

If you do it with a bigger instruction window (and basically
do it as a register renaming thing), you get rid of almost
all of them. In fact, that's one of the main reasons to
avoid the "inc/dec" instructions, because they don't write
the full set of eflags, so you need to rename things
one bit at a time.

Sure, dropping eflags writes does affect your instruction
completion model, and that can be very complicated
depending on how you handle that whole thing. But if eflags
is a major bottleneck for your uarch, somebody did something
wrong, I think.

Linus
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TopicPosted ByDate
Phoronix tests GCC compiler flags and Bulldozer.I.S.T.2012/04/19 03:05 AM
  Single page view?David Kanter2012/04/19 08:59 AM
    Single page view?wainwright2012/04/19 09:22 AM
    Single page view?slothrop2012/04/19 09:23 AM
      Single page view?David Kanter2012/04/19 09:31 AM
        Single page view?EduardoS2012/04/19 03:12 PM
    Is there a single page view option for RWT articles?anon2012/04/19 09:27 AM
    Single page view?Del2012/04/19 09:36 AM
      Single page view?slacker2012/04/19 03:56 PM
        Single page view?Del2012/04/22 06:09 AM
          Single page view?David Kanter2012/04/22 09:38 AM
            Single page view?Del2012/04/23 01:22 AM
    Single page view?Michael S2012/04/19 01:30 PM
      Single page view?Ungo2012/04/19 02:25 PM
        Single page view?Foo_2012/04/20 12:17 AM
          Single page view?James2012/04/20 04:01 AM
            There are ads on the web?JJB2012/04/20 04:32 AM
              What a bunch of freeloaders (NT)slacker2012/04/20 01:44 PM
                So are you, probablyiz2012/04/21 04:41 AM
                  Impression ad revenuePaul A. Clayton2012/04/21 06:44 AM
                  So are you, probablyslacker2012/04/21 01:09 PM
                    So are you, probablyDavid Kanter2012/04/22 09:41 AM
                      So are you, probablyiz2012/04/22 03:57 PM
                    So are you, probablyDoug Siebert2012/04/22 12:37 PM
                      Aha!David Kanter2012/04/22 03:45 PM
                        Aha!bakaneko2012/04/22 08:49 PM
                    So are you, probablyiz2012/04/22 03:48 PM
                      That's not how the business works...David Kanter2012/04/22 05:31 PM
                        That's not how the business works...iz2012/04/23 01:49 AM
                      So are you, probablyslacker2012/04/22 11:31 PM
                        back to phoronixMichael S2012/04/23 02:07 AM
                        So are you, probablyiz2012/04/23 03:29 AM
                          Membership at RWTDavid Kanter2012/04/23 11:24 AM
                          So are you, probablyJukka Larja2012/04/27 08:59 AM
  So, what do people think of these numbers>I.S.T.2012/04/19 07:34 PM
    So, what do people think of these numbers>Linus Torvalds2012/04/20 08:34 AM
      So, what do people think of these numbers>Kira2012/04/20 09:18 AM
        So, what do people think of these numbers>Linus Torvalds2012/04/20 10:05 AM
      So, what do people think of these numbers>Doug Siebert2012/04/20 09:00 PM
      So, what do people think of these numbers>Megol2012/04/21 09:05 AM
        So, what do people think of these numbers>Linus Torvalds2012/04/21 01:11 PM
          Most problems are fixed...Megol2012/04/24 07:00 AM
    So, what do people think of these numbers>bakaneko2012/04/20 11:16 AM
      So, what do people think of these numbers>bakaneko2012/04/20 11:37 AM
        So, what do people think of these numbers>Linus Torvalds2012/04/20 01:24 PM
          So, what do people think of these numbers>Joel2012/04/20 02:59 PM
            So, what do people think of these numbers>Kira2012/04/20 03:32 PM
              So, what do people think of these numbers>EduardoS2012/04/20 04:00 PM
                Bulldozer's Oddities.Joel2012/04/20 04:54 PM
                  In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesDavid Kanter2012/04/20 05:32 PM
                    In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesExophase2012/04/20 07:11 PM
                      In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesEduardoS2012/04/20 07:46 PM
                        In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesExophase2012/04/20 08:18 PM
                          In defense of Bulldozer's Odditiesanonymous2012/04/20 11:26 PM
                            In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesJJB2012/04/20 11:34 PM
                              In defense of Bulldozer's Odditiesimaxx2012/04/21 07:21 AM
                                In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesMichael S2012/04/21 10:42 AM
                                  Bulldozer's integer execution unitsDavid Kanter2012/04/25 04:29 PM
                                    Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/26 12:17 PM
                                      Bulldozer's integer execution unitsanonymous2012/04/26 03:15 PM
                                        Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/26 03:40 PM
                                          Bulldozer's integer execution unitsFoo_2012/04/27 08:21 AM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsMegol2012/04/27 01:38 PM
                                      Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/26 03:47 PM
                                        Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/26 05:02 PM
                                          Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/26 06:03 PM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/26 06:24 PM
                                              Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/26 07:18 PM
                                                Bulldozer's cache memory performanceHeikki Kultala2012/04/28 01:18 AM
                                                  Bulldozer's cache memory performanceEduardoS2012/04/28 10:06 AM
                                      Bulldozer's integer execution unitsDavid Kanter2012/04/26 04:03 PM
                                        Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/26 04:59 PM
                                          Bulldozer's integer execution unitsDavid Kanter2012/04/26 10:53 PM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/27 08:42 AM
                                              Bulldozer's integer execution unitsDavid Kanter2012/04/27 11:06 AM
                                                Bulldozer's integer execution unitsEduardoS2012/04/27 01:27 PM
                                                K8 divided pipelines?Paul A. Clayton2012/04/27 01:59 PM
                                          Bulldozer's integer execution unitsMichael S2012/04/27 04:37 AM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsExophase2012/04/27 08:33 AM
                                            Bulldozer's integer execution unitsanonymous2012/04/27 09:03 AM
                                    Renaming FlagsKonrad Schwarz2012/04/27 03:04 AM
                                      Renaming Flagsnone2012/04/27 04:03 AM
                                        Renaming FlagsMegol2012/04/27 12:42 PM
                                    Bulldozer's integer execution unitshcl642012/04/27 04:31 PM
                                      VEX supports 3+ operands. FPU have renaming already(NT)Megol2012/04/28 08:20 AM
                              In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesLinus Torvalds2012/04/21 12:26 PM
                                Thanks for the lessonJJB2012/04/21 02:23 PM
                                  Side note..Linus Torvalds2012/04/21 02:57 PM
                            In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesExophase2012/04/21 12:13 PM
                            In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesEduardoS2012/04/21 12:53 PM
                    In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesGionatan Danti2012/04/21 12:42 PM
                    In defense of Bulldozer's Odditieshcl642012/04/27 05:07 PM
                      In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesDavid Kanter2012/04/28 06:29 AM
                        In defense of Bulldozer's Odditieshcl642012/04/28 02:44 PM
                          In defense of Bulldozer's OdditiesDavid Kanter2012/04/28 09:42 PM
                            In defense of Bulldozer's Odditieshcl642012/04/28 10:39 PM
                  Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/20 06:05 PM
                    Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/20 08:32 PM
                      Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/21 12:37 PM
                        Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/21 10:16 PM
                          Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/21 10:43 PM
                            Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/22 02:09 AM
                              Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/22 01:57 PM
                                Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/22 04:17 PM
                                  Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/22 05:05 PM
                                    Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/22 05:42 PM
                                      Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/22 06:01 PM
                                      Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/22 10:28 PM
                                        Bulldozer's Oddities.anon2012/04/22 11:05 PM
                  Bulldozer's isn't bad.a reader2012/04/21 10:01 AM
                    Bulldozer's isn't bad.Kira2012/04/21 11:29 AM
                      Bulldozer's isn't bad.hcl642012/04/27 05:58 PM
                        Bulldozer's isn't bad.anon2012/04/27 06:16 PM
                          Bulldozer's isn't bad.hcl642012/04/27 07:33 PM
                            Bulldozer's isn't bad.rwessel2012/04/27 11:12 PM
                        Bulldozer's isn't bad.EduardoS2012/04/28 09:29 AM
                          Bulldozer's isn't bad.EduardoS2012/04/28 09:30 AM
                          Bulldozer's isn't bad.Michael S2012/04/28 12:36 PM
                    Bulldozer is made for SPEC fpPelle-482012/04/21 11:41 AM
                  Bulldozer's Oddities.mpx2012/04/22 03:47 AM
                    Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/22 01:57 PM
                      Bulldozer's Oddities.mpx2012/04/23 07:04 AM
                        Bulldozer's Oddities.Eric2012/04/23 12:33 PM
                          Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/23 02:22 PM
                            Bulldozer's Oddities.Eric2012/04/23 07:30 PM
                              Bulldozer's Oddities.hcl642012/04/27 06:16 PM
                            Bulldozer's Oddities.Y2012/04/25 04:34 AM
                              Bulldozer's IDIVHeikki Kultala2012/04/27 10:56 PM
                                Bulldozer's IDIVY2012/04/30 01:51 AM
                                  Bulldozer's IDIVEduardoS2012/04/30 05:39 AM
                                    Bulldozer's IDIVP3Dnow2012/05/08 01:23 AM
                                      Bulldozer's IDIVExophase2012/05/08 07:37 AM
                        Bulldozer's Oddities.EduardoS2012/04/23 02:15 PM
              Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyPaul A. Clayton2012/04/20 04:10 PM
                Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 12:56 AM
                  Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanonymous2012/04/28 01:43 AM
                    Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 02:59 PM
                      Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanonymous2012/04/28 08:45 PM
                  Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanon2012/04/28 02:13 AM
                    Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 03:23 PM
                      Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanon2012/04/28 06:19 PM
                        Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 07:58 PM
                  Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyDavid Kanter2012/04/28 06:38 AM
                    Guessed meaning of "strong dependency model"Paul A. Clayton2012/04/28 07:24 AM
                      Guessed meaning of "strong dependency model"EduardoS2012/04/28 09:46 AM
                        *Right meaning* about "strong dependency model"hcl642012/04/28 04:59 PM
                    Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 04:24 PM
                      Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyanonymous2012/04/28 08:50 PM
                        Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 09:47 PM
                          SNB widthDavid Kanter2012/04/28 09:48 PM
                            SNB widthhcl642012/04/29 02:24 AM
                      Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyDavid Kanter2012/04/28 09:56 PM
                        Clustered MT as SMT for high frequencyhcl642012/04/28 11:44 PM
                          SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/29 07:19 AM
                            SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/04/29 05:31 PM
                              SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/29 11:26 PM
                                SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/04/30 08:08 AM
                                  SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/30 09:59 AM
                                    SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/04/30 06:10 PM
                                      SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/30 06:32 PM
                                        SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/04/30 10:47 PM
                                          SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/05/01 02:24 AM
                                            SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/05/01 05:46 AM
                                            SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/05/01 06:37 AM
                                              SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/05/01 08:19 AM
                                          SOI, FD vs. PDhcl642012/05/01 07:39 AM
                                            PD-SOIDavid Kanter2012/05/02 12:22 PM
                                    SOI, FD vs. PDslacker2012/04/30 08:10 PM
                                      SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/04/30 10:16 PM
                                        SOI, FD vs. PDslacker2012/05/01 10:04 PM
                                          SOI, FD vs. PDDavid Kanter2012/05/02 08:19 AM
                                            SOI, FD vs. PDzou2012/05/02 12:23 PM
                  Previous discussion of clustered MTPaul A. Clayton2012/04/28 07:00 AM
                    Previous discussion of clustered MThcl642012/04/28 09:38 PM
                      Previous discussion of clustered MTDavid Kanter2012/04/30 04:37 PM
                        Previous discussion of clustered MThcl642012/04/30 07:24 PM
                          Previous discussion of clustered MTDavid Kanter2012/04/30 07:40 PM
                            Previous discussion of clustered MThcl642012/05/01 09:15 AM
                              Latency issuesDavid Kanter2012/05/02 12:01 PM
              So, what do people think of these numbers>Megol2012/04/21 01:57 AM
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