Knights Landing CPU Speculation

Article: Knights Landing CPU Speculation
By: , November 26, 2013 2:20 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
Sorry, if I don't follow the commenting rules and English grammar right - it's my first comment here and English is my 3rd language.
I wrote with David about Intel KL on Twitter.


I guess, I was right about the DRAM on package, I wasn't right about the size of it though. It looks like, there will be 8 or 16GB of it instead of my initial guess of 1 GB (I thought of Crystalwell which would be about 8x 100GBps) it looks like they will choose MCDRAM and some lower bandwidth - higher-density parts. I'm not very experienced in this field from the technical and manufacturing/ decission-making point of view.

The Silvermont core was a suprize, I thought, it will be a more custom design than "just" adding 3 threads, 2 x 512 SIMD EU, the 6x DDR4 controller... :-D

Might the Fabric be the Silicon Photonics? Looks like even multimode optics is a much better option, if you want to connect many chips in many racks to achieve ultimately the low single-digit Exascale performance without talking about excessive power use.
I mean cca. 200W per card/chip + about 200W in overhead, RAM, PSU inefficiency, storage, InterConnect, cooling. So about 400W per 3TFLOP DP. Exa = 1,000,000 Tera
1,000,000 / 3 (after rounding up) = 333340 cards would be needed, to achieve that. That isn't that unrealistic, it would be "just" ~4,2 times as many components, as Tianhe-2 has (16,000 nodes x 2 (IB CPU) x 3 (KC Xeon Phi)). That beeing said, it will probably be possible, to stack 4 KL sockets on a 1U board. That would give us 12TFLOP x 42 = 504 TFLOP per Rack and it would mean, that we would need about 2000 racks and about 140MW of power to run the computer and the cooling. In China, it could be possible to assemble something like that.
If we aim for 100 PFLOP, then it would of course be much more realistic, with 14MW power and 33334 Xeon Phi (just saing, that is 2x the performance of Tianhe-2).
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TopicPosted ByDate
Knights Landing CPU SpeculationDavid Kanter2013/11/18 03:03 AM
  Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/18 03:59 AM
    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationPatrick Chase2013/11/23 04:18 PM
      Knights Landing CPU Speculation2013/11/26 02:20 AM
        Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???Mark Roulo2013/11/26 10:28 AM
          Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???David Kanter2013/11/26 12:09 PM
          Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???Eric Bron2013/11/26 12:21 PM
            Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???tarlinian2013/11/26 12:50 PM
              Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???Eric Bron2013/11/26 02:07 PM
                Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???Eric Bron2013/11/26 02:09 PM
                Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???aaron spink2013/11/26 04:03 PM
                  Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???Eric Bron2013/11/27 12:42 AM
                    Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???aaron spink2013/11/27 11:31 AM
              Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???David Kanter2013/11/26 05:25 PM
                Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???tarlinian2013/11/26 08:01 PM
          Over 2,000 mm^2 of eDRAM???Eric2013/11/27 03:54 AM
            eDRAM is DRAM in a logic-oriented processPaul A. Clayton2013/11/27 08:10 AM
  Knights Landing CPU SpeculationJames2013/11/18 06:26 AM
    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationMichael S2013/11/18 03:57 PM
      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationUrban Novak2013/11/19 01:49 AM
        Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/19 02:19 AM
          Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric2013/11/19 08:48 PM
            Total GPGPU/Xeon Phi market maybe ~ $500M/year ...Mark Roulo2013/11/20 11:35 AM
      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationWes Felter2013/11/19 01:06 PM
        Knights Landing CPU SpeculationMichael S2013/11/19 01:49 PM
  Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric2013/11/18 01:17 PM
    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationDaniel2013/11/19 03:28 AM
      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric2013/11/19 08:36 PM
      HPC guys score FLOPS non-obviouslyMark Roulo2013/11/20 11:43 AM
        3-TFlops-DGEMMMichael S2013/11/20 11:59 AM
          3-TFlops-DGEMMMark Roulo2013/11/20 01:22 PM
            3-TFlops-DGEMMDaniel2013/11/20 02:04 PM
              3-TFlops-DGEMMEric2013/11/21 02:28 AM
                3-TFlops-DGEMMMichael S2013/11/21 06:48 AM
                  3-TFlops-DGEMMRecessionCone2013/11/21 12:13 PM
                    3-TFlops-DGEMMMichael S2013/11/21 03:34 PM
                  3-TFlops-DGEMMEric2013/11/22 03:10 AM
                    3-TFlops-DGEMMMichael S2013/11/22 05:41 AM
                    A (not very sensible) alternative: FMADD + FADDPaul A. Clayton2013/11/22 09:19 AM
                  3-TFlops-DGEMMSylvain Collange2013/11/24 03:37 AM
                    3-TFlops-DGEMMMichael S2013/11/24 07:06 AM
                      3-TFlops-DGEMMSylvain Collange2013/11/24 10:28 AM
        HPC guys score FLOPS non-obviouslyPatrick Chase2013/11/23 03:58 PM
  Knights Landing CPU SpeculationPaul Caheny2013/11/18 02:25 PM
    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationKonrad Schwarz2013/11/19 01:24 AM
  Knights Landing CPU SpeculationAmiba Gelos2013/11/19 08:36 PM
    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationDavid Kanter2013/11/20 10:52 AM
    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationLinus Torvalds2013/11/21 03:12 PM
      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationAmiba Gelos2013/11/21 06:14 PM
      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationPatrick Chase2013/11/23 04:33 PM
        Knights Landing CPU SpeculationLinus Torvalds2013/11/25 12:29 PM
          Knights Landing CPU SpeculationLinus Torvalds2013/11/25 01:05 PM
          Knights Landing CPU SpeculationPatrick Chase2013/11/25 01:22 PM
            Knights Landing CPU SpeculationLinus Torvalds2013/11/26 11:11 AM
          Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric2013/11/26 04:05 AM
            Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric2013/11/26 04:15 AM
            Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/26 04:33 AM
              Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric2013/11/26 07:30 PM
                Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric2013/11/26 07:34 PM
                  What is MCDRAM?anon2013/11/26 09:58 PM
                    What is MCDRAM?none2013/11/27 02:00 AM
                      What is MCDRAM?Klimax2013/11/27 03:19 AM
                  Knights Landing CPU SpeculationKlimax2013/11/27 12:06 AM
                Knights Landing CPU SpeculationKlimax2013/11/27 12:05 AM
            Knights Landing CPU Speculationanon2013/11/26 06:53 AM
              Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/26 07:20 AM
                Knights Landing CPU SpeculationMichael S2013/11/26 09:06 AM
                  Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/26 10:18 AM
                    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric Bron2013/11/26 02:21 PM
                      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationEric Bron2013/11/26 02:27 PM
                        Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/26 03:26 PM
                    Knights Landing CPU Speculationanon2013/11/26 06:42 PM
                      Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/27 02:08 AM
                        Knights Landing CPU Speculationanon2013/11/27 02:50 AM
                          Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/27 02:58 AM
                      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationMichael S2013/11/27 02:25 AM
                        Knights Landing CPU Speculationanon2013/11/27 03:32 AM
                          Knights Landing CPU SpeculationMichael S2013/11/27 04:08 AM
    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationChung Leong2013/11/27 02:28 AM
      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationMichael S2013/11/27 03:53 AM
        Knights Landing CPU SpeculationChung Leong2013/11/27 02:03 PM
  BiG.LiTTLe for KNL?Jeff K2013/11/22 07:17 AM
    BiG.LiTTLe for KNL?Patrick Chase2013/11/23 03:54 PM
      BiG.LiTTLe for KNL?Patrick Chase2013/11/23 04:01 PM
  Transactional memoryPatrick Chase2013/11/23 03:37 PM
    Transactional memoryBhima2013/11/25 08:01 AM
      Transactional memoryPatrick Chase2013/11/25 12:52 PM
  Knights Landing CPU SpeculationDaniel2013/11/25 03:17 AM
    Knights Landing CPU SpeculationKlimax2013/11/25 04:12 AM
    Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/25 05:05 AM
      Knights Landing CPU SpeculationKlimax2013/11/25 05:45 AM
        Knights Landing CPU Speculationnone2013/11/25 05:55 AM
          Knights Landing CPU Speculationgmb2013/11/25 08:21 AM
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