Knights Landing L/S bandwidth

Article: Knights Landing Details
By: Nicolas Capens (nicolas.capens.delete@this.gmail.com), January 5, 2014 3:06 pm
Room: Moderated Discussions
NoSpammer (no.delete@this.spam.com) on January 5, 2014 1:15 pm wrote:
> Nicolas Capens (nicolas.capens.delete@this.gmail.com) on January 4, 2014 4:24 pm wrote:
> > I'm not saying Knights Landing can't have two load ports, there might be other reasons why it does. So
> > I'm not betting on anything. I'm just pointing out that one 512-bit load port seems like a possibility
> > as well. If you could elaborate on why it "must have" two load ports, that would be much appreciated.
>
> I thought David was overoptimistic, too.

I don't think he's overoptimistic (about two L1 load ports). I think he's overpessimistic (about one L1 load port).

I'm sure two load ports is quite possible, and even if it weren't necessary the cost would be modest overall. I just don't see any justification why one port can't work and needs no further analysis.

> Let's look at the basics, supporting 4 threads requires
> at least 128 logical registers. The register file needs to have at least 2 (but probably 4-6)
> read ports and 2 write ports. That's one huge beast. Now OTOH 32K of L1 cache would contain
> only 512 register equivalents. Having 1 read and 1 read/write port to L1 seems to be in the
> range of 2-4x (but probably closer to 2x) complexity of the register file. That seems doable
> to me. I guess the challenge is in blocking and power optimizing all those wires.

Doable, yes, but if it's not a necessity for achieving better performance/Watt they would obviously stick with one port. Note that Nehalem still had just one load port, despite a peak IPC of 3 instructions and already having 8 cache banks and fast unaligned 128-bit access support. This tells me the cost still wasn't justified, even though 32-bit x86 code requires lots of operands to be loaded from the stack.

> > Certainly. But what I meant was having *only* one pipeline capable of taking a memory source operand,
> > and the other one being the only one capable of storing the result into memory. Based on typical
> > load/store requirements (see for instance Eric's example above) it's very useful to be able to issue
> > a load and a store each cycle, but two loads per cycle seems much less of a necessity.
>
> IMO it's pointless having two MAC units without being able to feed them both
> most of the time. One load per FLOP in necessary for many kinds of codes.

It's true that FMA units have an increased need for source operands, but for starters AVX-512 has 32 registers to compensate for that. Eric's example code has many FMA instructions but still less than half the total instructions require a source memory operand (http://www.realworldtech.com/forum/?threadid=138897&curpostid=138932). His second example has more source memory operands than that, but they're not unique, so that need can be fulfilled with an L0 cache.

I assume you meant one load per FMA instead of one per FLOP? Still, I don't think there are many kinds of code which need such number of (unique) load operations at all. GPUs have 1 byte/FLOP or less.

> > Kepler can have up to 255 registers per thread, but only at 1/8 occupancy. At full occupancy, 31 registers
> > are available. AVX-512 can have many more than 32 live
> > temporaries (even more than 255), by using the stack.
> > This comes at practically no cost as long as there are available load/store cycles, and only very gradually
> > decreases performance beyond that. In contrast the GPU can suffer significantly from the lower occupancy.
> > Some optimization manuals therefore advise to use local memory to lower register pressure...
>
> That's interesting.
>
> > Anyway, the conclusion is still the same. AVX-512 has a
> > relatively high register count, which lowers the need
> > to access stack memory and thus may be a factor in why Knights Landing might have only one load port.
>
> I think the relevant questions here are only:
> - what are the bandwidth/FLOP requirements on the algorithms intel wants to optimize for
> - what are the actual power/performance ratios for the circuits feeding 2 MAC units from L1 at full tilt

I don't think Intel wants to target any particular algorithms. It's not like they'll have multiple architectures to target different segments, nor is the code being run always the same. Just like the GPU manufacturers, they target anyone who has massively parallel tasks. But that doesn't mean they should add two load ports 'just in case' either. In the end it's all about performance/Watt. I believe code which benefits significantly from loading a unique source memory operand per instruction is quite rare, but everyone else would constantly pay the cost in power (and area) for an extra port they don't use.

Indeed the actual cost for adding a second load port would be very useful to know. And that's my point. We can't dismiss the possibility that Knights Landing will have only one L1 load port without a full cost/gain analysis.

> If they can power optimize L1 with 2 load ports they will do it.

Definitely, if there's a need for it in the first place. An L0 cache seems like an excellent compromise to me. It would add another load port for common cases while being more power efficient than accessing the register file. Two birds one stone.

> The other alternative possibility would be supporting 1 L1 load and 1 L2 load in the same cycle.

No, you'd easily run out of work and stall while trying to hide the higher latency of an L2 access, meaning you're better off waiting just a single cycle to access L1 again. If there's really a need for two (unique) load operations per cycle, it would have to be two ports on L1.
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TopicPosted ByDate
Knights Landing details (new article)David Kanter2014/01/03 12:58 AM
  eDRAM as cacheiz2014/01/03 04:39 AM
    eDRAM optionsEric Bron2014/01/09 03:45 AM
  Knights Landing details (new article)Emil Briggs2014/01/03 06:06 AM
  Knights Landing details (new article)Michael S2014/01/03 07:05 AM
    PCI-E and QPIDavid Kanter2014/01/03 12:11 PM
  eDRAM still seems too expensive ...Mark Roulo2014/01/03 10:48 AM
    Nevermind ... I see that you addressed this :-)Mark Roulo2014/01/03 10:51 AM
    eDRAM still seems too expensive ...Eric Bron2014/01/03 01:42 PM
  eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Patrick Chase2014/01/03 11:21 AM
    eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Wes Felter2014/01/03 03:00 PM
      eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Patrick Chase2014/01/03 07:26 PM
        eDRAM or stacked DRAM?tarlinian2014/06/23 09:59 PM
          eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Maynard Handley2014/06/24 01:47 AM
            eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Michael S2014/06/24 03:13 AM
            eDRAM or stacked DRAM?David Kanter2014/06/24 12:09 PM
              eDRAM or stacked DRAM?anon2014/06/24 07:50 PM
                eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 10:02 PM
                  eDRAM or stacked DRAM?anon2014/06/24 10:39 PM
                eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Michael S2014/06/25 01:46 AM
              eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Michael S2014/06/25 01:29 AM
          eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 05:37 AM
            eDRAM or stacked DRAM?tarlinian2014/06/24 08:53 AM
              eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 09:09 AM
                eDRAM or stacked DRAM?tarlinian2014/06/24 09:40 AM
                  eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 10:10 AM
                    eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 10:12 AM
          eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Wes Felter2014/06/24 10:09 PM
            eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Michael S2014/06/25 02:02 AM
  Why not tag-inclusive L3?Paul A. Clayton2014/01/03 04:28 PM
    Why not tag-inclusive L3?Eric Bron2014/01/04 03:22 AM
  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/04 05:43 AM
    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 06:20 AM
      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/04 02:55 PM
        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 03:27 PM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthhobold2014/01/04 04:23 PM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 05:20 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/05 03:42 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/05 03:49 AM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthPatrick Chase2014/01/11 08:13 PM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/13 08:39 PM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 03:18 PM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 04:09 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 05:11 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 05:40 AM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 05:54 AM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 09:00 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 03:31 PM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/07 04:17 PM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 09:55 PM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 01:42 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthGabriele Svelto2014/01/08 08:30 AM
                              Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/08 02:33 PM
                                Occam's razorGabriele Svelto2014/01/08 02:51 PM
                                  Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/08 03:28 PM
                                    Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 04:45 AM
                                      Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 05:02 AM
                                        Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 06:24 AM
                                          Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 06:51 AM
                                            Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 07:18 AM
                                          Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 07:16 AM
                                            Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 08:43 AM
                                              Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 09:17 AM
                                                Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 11:12 AM
                                                  Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 11:18 AM
                                                    Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 11:58 AM
                                                  Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 12:35 PM
                                                    Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/12 10:48 AM
                                                  99.9% not a new extensionNicolas Capens2014/01/10 11:39 AM
                                                    Compiler complexityGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 03:58 AM
                                                      Compiler complexityNicolas Capens2014/01/11 01:20 PM
                                                        Compiler complexityGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 03:17 PM
                                                          Patent pendingNicolas Capens2014/01/14 07:21 PM
                                                    99.9% not a new extensionbakaneko2014/01/12 11:08 AM
                                  L0 data cacheEric Bron2014/01/08 04:52 PM
                                  Occam's razorDavid Kanter2014/01/08 04:53 PM
                                    Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/09 03:07 AM
                                      Occam's razorRicardo B2014/01/09 05:21 AM
                                        Virtually indexed, untaggedNicolas Capens2014/01/10 11:27 AM
                                          Virtually indexed, untaggedGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 04:08 AM
                                            Virtually indexed, untaggedNicolas Capens2014/01/11 09:45 PM
                                              Virtually indexed, untaggedDavid Kanter2014/01/12 02:13 AM
                                                Virtually indexed, untaggedanon2014/01/12 04:02 AM
                                                Virtually indexed, untaggedNicolas Capens2014/01/16 09:55 AM
                                              Virtually indexed, untaggedMichael S2014/01/12 04:09 AM
                                                Virtually indexed, untaggedNicolas Capens2014/01/16 10:47 AM
                                      Occam's razorDavid Kanter2014/01/09 06:42 PM
                                        Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/10 02:22 PM
                                          Occam's razorDavid Kanter2014/01/10 04:06 PM
                                            MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/11 12:24 AM
                                              MEM : ALU ratioGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 03:47 AM
                                                MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron2014/01/11 04:41 AM
                                                  MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron2014/01/11 05:06 AM
                                                    MEM : ALU ratioDavid Kanter2014/01/11 08:28 PM
                                                      MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron nli2014/01/12 02:54 AM
                                                  MEM : ALU ratioGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 10:15 AM
                                                MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/14 06:56 PM
                                                  Etiquette in linking to papersPaul A. Clayton2014/01/14 07:44 PM
                                                  MEM : ALU ratioanon2014/01/14 08:32 PM
                                                    L0 power costNicolas Capens2014/01/16 02:05 PM
                                                      L0 power costanon2014/01/16 10:01 PM
                                                        L0 power costNicolas Capens2014/01/19 12:30 AM
                                                          Links revealedPaul A. Clayton2014/01/19 04:47 PM
                                                          L0 power costanon2014/01/20 01:19 AM
                                                            L0 power costNicolas Capens2014/01/20 02:49 PM
                                                              L0 power costanon2014/01/21 01:18 AM
                                                                Q.E.D.Nicolas Capens2014/01/21 08:44 PM
                                                                  Q.E.D.anon2014/01/21 09:24 PM
                                                                    Straw manNicolas Capens2014/01/23 11:56 PM
                                                                      Straw mananon2014/01/25 06:46 AM
                                                                        Still waiting for an explanationNicolas Capens2014/01/26 12:19 AM
                                                                          Still waiting for an explanationExophase2014/01/26 01:13 PM
                                                                            Still waiting for an explanationbakaneko2014/01/26 11:52 PM
                                                                  Q.E.D.Ricardo B2014/01/22 06:58 PM
                                                                    Q.E.D.Michael S2014/01/23 04:59 AM
                                                                      L0 entry countNicolas Capens2014/01/24 01:11 AM
                                                                        L0 entry countEric Bron2014/01/24 02:08 AM
                                                                          L0 entry countMichael S2014/01/24 06:18 AM
                                                                            L0 entry countEric Bron2014/01/24 07:15 AM
                                                                              L0 entry countMichael S2014/01/24 08:10 AM
                                                                                L0 entry countEric Bron2014/01/24 08:20 AM
                                                                          L0 entry countNicolas Capens2014/01/24 02:33 PM
                                                                            L0 entry countEric Bron2014/01/24 03:20 PM
                                                                              L0 entry count and L1 read port orthogonalityNicolas Capens2014/01/26 01:14 AM
                                                                                L0 entry count and L1 read port orthogonalityEric Bron2014/01/26 03:49 AM
                                                                    L0 hit rateNicolas Capens2014/01/24 12:49 AM
                                                                      L0 hit rateRicardo B2014/01/24 06:42 AM
                                                                        L0 hit rateExophase2014/01/24 01:37 PM
                                                                          L0 hit rateEric Bron2014/01/24 02:12 PM
                                                                        L0 vs RF powerNicolas Capens2014/01/24 02:43 PM
                                              MEM : ALU ratioDavid Kanter2014/01/11 01:47 PM
                                                MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/16 09:23 AM
                                                  MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/17 12:58 PM
                                                    MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/17 01:42 PM
                                                      MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/18 04:57 PM
                                                        MEM : ALU ratiobakaneko2014/01/19 12:47 AM
                                                    MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/20 03:48 PM
                                                      It's called "tunnel vision" (NT)iz2014/01/20 04:36 PM
                                                      MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/20 04:37 PM
                                                        MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/21 04:54 PM
                                                        MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/21 10:07 PM
                                                          MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/22 08:17 AM
                                                            MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/24 03:33 PM
                                                      MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/21 04:32 PM
                                                        MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/22 08:56 AM
                                                          MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/23 09:06 AM
                                                            MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron2014/01/23 09:45 AM
                                                              editEric Bron2014/01/23 09:49 AM
                                                            MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/23 09:58 AM
                                                              MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron2014/01/23 10:29 AM
                                                                MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/23 10:33 AM
                                                              MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/24 04:50 AM
                                                MEM : ALU ratiobakaneko2014/01/23 10:36 AM
                                              MEM : ALU ratioNoSpammer2014/01/11 03:39 PM
                                                L1 vs L0 access costNicolas Capens2014/01/16 03:17 PM
                                                  L1 vs L0 access costNoSpammer2014/01/19 01:48 PM
                                                    L1 vs L0 access costdmcq2014/01/22 05:45 AM
                                                      L1 vs L0 access costGabriele Svelto2014/01/22 07:29 AM
                                                        L1 vs L0 access costdmcq2014/01/22 01:33 PM
                                                          L1 vs L0 access costGabriele Svelto2014/01/22 04:33 PM
                                                            L1 vs L0 access costdmcq2014/01/24 04:19 AM
                                                    L1 vs L0 access costNicolas Capens2014/01/24 02:16 AM
                                      Occam's razorPatrick Chase2014/01/13 11:19 AM
                                  Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/09 12:40 AM
                                    Occam's razorGabriele Svelto2014/01/09 02:41 AM
                                      Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 02:54 AM
                                        Occam's razorGabriele Svelto2014/01/09 06:35 AM
                                          Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 07:14 AM
                                            avoiding redundant loadsEric Bron2014/01/09 07:18 AM
                                            AVX2 versionEric Bron2014/01/09 07:32 AM
                                      Occam's razorAmiba Gelos2014/01/09 03:01 AM
                                        Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 03:06 AM
                                          Occam's razorAmiba Gelos2014/01/09 03:43 AM
                                            Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 04:02 AM
                                        L0 access latencyNicolas Capens2014/01/09 04:27 AM
                                          L0 access latencyAmiba Gelos2014/01/09 05:16 AM
                                            compared to L0$ i would say banking is far more likely (NT)Amiba Gelos2014/01/09 05:20 AM
                                            L0 access latencyNicolas Capens2014/01/10 03:20 PM
                                      Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/09 04:19 AM
                                    Occam's razorNoSpammer2014/01/09 12:55 PM
                                      Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/10 03:40 PM
                                        Occam's razorMichael S2014/01/11 10:21 AM
                                        Occam's razorMichael S2014/01/12 03:21 PM
                                          KNC compiler outputNicolas Capens2014/01/16 06:39 PM
                                            KNC compiler outputMichael S2014/01/18 05:13 PM
                                    L0 cache coherencyDavid Kanter2014/01/11 08:39 PM
                                Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 05:12 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 10:46 AM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 11:23 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/08 02:02 PM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 02:29 PM
                                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 02:54 PM
                                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 03:00 PM
                                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 03:13 PM
                                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 03:28 PM
                                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 03:32 PM
                                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 03:40 PM
                                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 03:51 PM
                                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/09 12:18 PM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthPatrick Chase2014/01/12 10:03 PM
                            Also page/line splits?David Kanter2014/01/12 10:50 PM
                              Also page/line splits?anon2014/01/13 01:44 AM
                                Also page/line splits?none2014/01/13 03:09 AM
                                  Also page/line splits?anon2014/01/13 04:19 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthExophase2014/01/13 12:15 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/13 01:41 AM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthPatrick Chase2014/01/13 11:14 AM
                            Aliased writesNicolas Capens2014/01/14 09:46 PM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/07 04:27 PM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 10:28 PM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/08 02:13 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 11:10 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/08 03:31 PM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/08 03:58 PM
                                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthG. Gouvine2014/01/09 09:10 AM
                                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/09 11:19 AM
                                    Efficient load queue vs. efficient L0 cacheNicolas Capens2014/01/11 12:28 PM
                                      Efficient load queue vs. efficient L0 cacheG. Gouvine2014/01/13 02:11 AM
                                        Efficient load queue vs. efficient L0 cacheMichael S2014/01/13 03:43 AM
                                Register file read port requirementsNicolas Capens2014/01/11 12:55 AM
                                  Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 05:24 AM
                                    Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 05:32 AM
                                      Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 09:57 AM
                                        Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 11:16 AM
                                          Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 11:46 AM
                                            Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 12:12 PM
                                              Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 12:36 PM
                                                Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 12:51 PM
                                              Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 02:27 PM
                                                Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/13 04:24 PM
                                                  Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 06:02 PM
                                                    Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/14 04:50 AM
                                                      Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/14 11:36 AM
                                                        Register file read port requirementsEric Bron nli2014/01/14 01:04 PM
                                            Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 02:17 PM
                                              Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/15 04:27 AM
                                        Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 11:28 AM
                                          Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 12:07 PM
                                            Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 02:40 PM
                                          Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 02:34 PM
                                      Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 12:55 PM
                                        Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 01:17 PM
                                          Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 02:36 PM
                                            Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 02:42 PM
                                              Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 03:20 PM
                                                Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 03:26 PM
                                                  Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 04:07 PM
                                                    Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 04:38 PM
                                                      Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 04:49 PM
                                                Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 03:39 PM
                                                  Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 03:41 PM
                                                  Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 04:30 PM
                                    Register file read port requirementsNicolas Capens2014/01/11 12:09 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/05 06:55 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/05 07:30 AM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 01:07 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 02:38 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 04:01 AM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 04:44 AM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 05:39 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 06:00 AM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 06:44 AM
                                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 08:54 AM
                                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 10:11 AM
                                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 10:14 AM
                                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 11:37 AM
                                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/08 06:25 AM
                                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 08:36 AM
                                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 08:41 AM
                                            KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Michael S2014/01/08 09:43 AM
                                              KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Exophase2014/01/08 10:00 AM
                                                KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Ricardo B2014/01/08 11:39 AM
                                                  KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 12:15 PM
                                                    KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Exophase2014/01/08 01:17 PM
                                                      KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Ricardo B2014/01/08 02:06 PM
                                                        KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Exophase2014/01/08 02:24 PM
                                                        KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 02:38 PM
                                                    KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Michael S2014/01/08 01:54 PM
                                              KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 10:25 AM
                                              KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 10:35 AM
                                                KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Michael S2014/01/08 11:07 AM
                                                  KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 11:24 AM
                                                    KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Michael S2014/01/08 11:43 AM
                                                      KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 01:23 PM
                                              KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 10:43 AM
                                          AVX2 code much different than AVX-512Eric Bron2014/01/08 08:52 AM
                                            evil questionhobold2014/01/08 10:22 AM
                                              evil questionEric Bron2014/01/08 10:27 AM
                                                evil questionhobold2014/01/08 02:33 PM
                                                  evil questionMichael S2014/01/08 02:37 PM
                                                    stupid question (was: evil question)hobold2014/01/09 05:41 AM
                                                      stupid question (was: evil question)Eric Bron2014/01/09 05:52 AM
                                                        stupid question (was: evil question)Michael S2014/01/09 08:00 AM
                                                          stupid question (was: evil question)Michael S2014/01/09 08:12 AM
                                                            stupid question (was: evil question)Eric Bron2014/01/09 10:47 AM
                                                              stupid question (was: evil question)Michael S2014/01/09 11:48 AM
                                                                more decisive (hopefully) test caseMichael S2014/01/09 12:01 PM
                                                                  more decisive (hopefully) test caseEric Bron2014/01/09 12:08 PM
                                                                    more decisive (hopefully) test caseMichael S2014/01/09 12:24 PM
                                                                      more decisive (hopefully) test caseEric Bron2014/01/09 12:27 PM
                                                                        more decisive (hopefully) test caseMichael S2014/01/09 12:33 PM
                                                                  AVX2Eric Bron2014/01/09 12:14 PM
                                                                    AVX2Michael S2014/01/09 12:30 PM
                                                                      AVX2Eric Bron2014/01/09 12:40 PM
                                                                  another tryMichael S2014/01/09 03:02 PM
                                                                    another tryEric Bron2014/01/09 03:33 PM
                                                                      another tryMichael S2014/01/09 04:20 PM
                                                                      another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/09 04:24 PM
                                                                        another try - ignore misformated mess aboveGabriele Svelto2014/01/10 01:01 AM
                                                                          another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/10 03:05 AM
                                                                            another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 10:23 AM
                                                                              another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 11:08 AM
                                                                                another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 12:09 PM
                                                                                  another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 12:12 PM
                                                                                    another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 12:24 PM
                                                                                      another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 01:24 PM
                                                                                        another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:11 PM
                                                                                          another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 02:18 PM
                                                                                            another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:27 PM
                                                                                              another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 02:29 PM
                                                                                                another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:46 PM
                                                                                                  another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:46 PM
                                                                                                  another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 03:28 PM
                                                                                        another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:17 PM
                                                                                          another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 02:24 PM
                                                                    KNC versionMichael S2014/01/11 05:19 PM
                                                                      KNC versionEric Bron nli2014/01/12 02:59 AM
                                                                        KNC versionGabriele Svelto2014/01/12 09:06 AM
                                                  evil questionEric Bron2014/01/08 02:41 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthPatrick Chase2014/01/05 11:20 PM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 02:45 AM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 04:12 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 04:17 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 05:20 AM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/04 05:34 PM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 05:44 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 12:25 PM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/05 01:50 PM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 03:34 PM
                    Might even help with gatherNicolas Capens2014/01/05 03:40 PM
                      What is an L0 cache?David Kanter2014/01/05 10:44 PM
                        What is an L0 cache?anon2014/01/06 05:57 AM
                          What is an L0 cache?Nicolas Capens2014/01/06 12:57 PM
                            What is an L0 cache?anon2014/01/06 02:18 PM
    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthDavid Kanter2014/01/04 10:58 AM
      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/04 04:24 PM
        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 04:46 PM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthKonrad Schwarz2014/01/08 12:48 AM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 02:45 AM
        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthDavid Kanter2014/01/05 01:44 AM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/05 03:55 AM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 12:18 PM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMaynard Handley2014/01/05 11:33 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 04:02 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 04:23 AM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 04:35 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 05:20 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 05:32 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 05:36 AM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 06:00 AM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 06:07 AM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 06:14 AM
                            editsEric Bron2014/01/06 06:22 AM
                              optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/06 06:35 AM
                                yet more optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/06 06:42 AM
                                  latest version for todayEric Bron2014/01/06 06:51 AM
                                    Probably just L2 bandwith limitedNicolas Capens2014/01/06 11:48 AM
                                  yet more optimized versionMaynard Handley2014/01/06 06:54 PM
                                optimized versionMaynard Handley2014/01/06 06:52 PM
                                  optimized versionMichael S2014/01/07 10:42 AM
                                    optimized versionNicolas Capens2014/01/07 12:36 PM
                                      optimized versionMichael S2014/01/07 03:41 PM
                                        optimized versionNicolas Capens2014/01/07 10:52 PM
                                          optimized versionMichael S2014/01/08 02:10 AM
                                    optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/07 02:34 PM
                                      optimized versionMichael S2014/01/07 03:18 PM
                                        optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/07 03:30 PM
                                          optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/07 03:33 PM
                                            optimized versionMichael S2014/01/07 03:57 PM
                                    optimized versionMaynard Handley2014/01/07 06:50 PM
                                      optimized versionMichael S2014/01/08 02:39 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMaynard Handley2014/01/06 06:47 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/06 09:18 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMaynard Handley2014/01/06 06:56 PM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 12:18 PM
        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/05 01:15 PM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 03:06 PM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/06 04:20 AM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/06 11:54 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/06 01:24 PM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/06 09:15 PM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/07 03:58 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 03:18 PM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/08 01:38 PM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/08 11:14 PM
  AVX512F questionMichael S2014/01/06 10:18 AM
    AVX512F questionNicolas Capens2014/01/06 12:01 PM
  Knights Landing - time for obituary?Michael S2018/07/31 03:00 PM
    Knights Landing - time for obituary?Adrian2018/07/31 09:24 PM
      Knights Landing - time for obituary?SoftwareEngineer2018/08/01 02:15 AM
        auto-vectorization is a dead endMichael S2018/08/01 03:48 AM
          Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMark Roulo2018/08/01 11:07 AM
            Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endPassing Through2018/08/01 01:35 PM
              Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endDavid Kanter2018/08/01 10:44 PM
                Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endPassing Through2018/08/02 01:51 AM
            Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endSoftwareEngineer2018/08/02 01:19 AM
              Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMark Roulo2018/08/02 09:50 AM
                Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMichael S2018/08/02 12:11 PM
                  Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endj2018/08/02 11:37 PM
                    Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMichael S2018/08/03 03:50 AM
                      Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endrwessel2018/08/03 11:06 PM
                  Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endRicardo B2018/08/03 04:20 AM
                    Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMichael S2018/08/03 05:37 AM
                      Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endRicardo B2018/08/03 11:22 AM
            Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endTravis2018/08/03 07:58 PM
              Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Jouni Osmala2018/08/03 10:22 PM
                Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Jukka Larja2018/08/04 04:03 AM
                  Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Passing Through2018/08/04 06:47 AM
                Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Travis2018/08/04 01:50 PM
                  Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Michael S2018/08/04 02:33 PM
                    Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Travis2018/08/04 02:48 PM
                    Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Passing Through2018/08/04 02:58 PM
                  Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationJeff S.2018/08/04 05:42 PM
                    Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationanonymou52018/08/04 06:21 PM
                      Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationJeff S.2018/08/04 06:38 PM
                        Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationanonymou52018/08/04 07:45 PM
                          Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationJeff S.2018/08/04 08:08 PM
                            Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationanonymou52018/08/04 08:18 PM
                              Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationNomad2018/08/05 11:10 PM
                                Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationanonymou52018/08/06 12:14 PM
                                Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationTravis2018/08/06 08:43 PM
                            Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationTravis2018/08/06 08:39 PM
              Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endBrett2018/08/04 01:55 PM
                Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endTravis2018/08/04 02:38 PM
                  Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endPassing Through2018/08/04 03:00 PM
                    New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed? (NT)Travis2018/08/04 03:34 PM
                      New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed?Passing Through2018/08/04 04:12 PM
                        New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed?anonymou52018/08/04 06:00 PM
                          New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed?Brett2018/08/04 06:40 PM
                            New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed?anonymou52018/08/04 07:38 PM
                  Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endnoko2018/08/04 09:46 PM
        The story of ispc (a 12 entry blog series)Simon Farnsworth2018/08/01 03:50 AM
          the 1st link is empty (NT)Michael S2018/08/01 04:05 AM
            the 1st link is emptySimon Farnsworth2018/08/01 06:42 AM
          Interesting read, thanks! (NT)SoftwareEngineer2018/08/01 06:57 AM
          Amazing readLaurent2018/08/01 09:00 AM
            Amazing readPassing Through2018/08/01 01:13 PM
              Amazing readDoug S2018/08/01 02:30 PM
                Amazing readPassing Through2018/08/01 02:49 PM
          ISPC vs OpenCL?j2018/08/02 11:41 PM
            ISPC vs OpenCL?coppcie2018/08/03 03:55 AM
            ISPC vs OpenCL?Passing Through2018/08/03 04:07 AM
              Go awayForum Reader2018/08/03 08:11 AM
              ISPC vs OpenCL?Gian-Carlo Pascutto2018/09/11 06:50 AM
            ISPC vs OpenCL?SoftwareEngineer2018/08/03 04:18 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?Kevin G2018/08/01 07:14 AM
          Knights Landing - time for obituary?SoftwareEngineer2018/08/01 07:29 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/01 07:38 AM
          Knights Landing - time for obituary?Eric Bron2018/08/02 06:57 AM
            Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/02 12:29 PM
              Knights Landing - time for obituary?Eric Bron2018/08/02 01:49 PM
                Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/02 02:17 PM
          chess algorithms vs, low level optimizationsEric Bron2018/08/02 07:15 AM
            AlphaZero vs StockfishMichael S2018/08/02 07:55 AM
              AlphaZero vs StockfishEric Bron2018/08/02 08:24 AM
                AlphaZero vs StockfishMichael S2018/08/02 09:01 AM
                  AlphaZero vs StockfishEric Bron2018/08/02 09:11 AM
                  Leela 4th vs all othersEric Bron nli2018/09/11 03:40 AM
              AlphaZero vs StockfishGian-Carlo Pascutto2018/09/11 06:31 AM
                AlphaZero vs StockfishEric Bron2018/09/11 09:26 AM
                  AlphaZero vs StockfishEric Bron2018/09/11 09:58 AM
        C/C++ and vector/parallel/distributedRichardC2018/08/02 05:50 AM
      Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/01 07:52 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?Kevin G2018/08/01 02:03 PM
          Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/01 02:33 PM
      Knights Landing - time for obituary?Kevin G2018/08/01 08:26 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?Kevin G2018/08/01 08:26 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?juanrga2018/08/01 02:26 PM
          Knights Landing - time for obituary?hobel2018/08/02 05:46 AM
    Knights Landing - time for obituary?juanrga2018/07/31 11:25 PM
      Right, time for obituary for whole LRB lineageAM2018/08/02 11:46 AM
        Right, time for obituary for whole LRB lineageAdrian2018/08/02 11:46 PM
          LRBNI, AVX512, etc...Michael S2018/08/03 05:23 AM
        Right, time for obituary for whole LRB lineagejuanrga2018/08/03 04:11 AM
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How do you spell green?