L0 power cost

Article: Knights Landing Details
By: Nicolas Capens (nicolas.capens.delete@this.gmail.com), January 19, 2014 12:30 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
anon (anon.delete@this.anon.com) on January 16, 2014 10:01 pm wrote:
> Nicolas Capens (nicolas.capens.delete@this.gmail.com) on January 16, 2014 2:05 pm wrote:
> > The advantage of the symbolically indexed L0 cache over a line buffer would be that you don't have
> > to compute a virtual and physical address.
>
> You actually *do* have to compute them to fill it. You have to compare to test it. And it can't hold stores.

That has nothing to do with the L0 cache. When it's filled, it means a miss happened and you need to access L1 and thus the address is needed anyway. You do not need the address for an L0 hit. Saving power on L0 hits is the whole point.

> And with a poor hit rate, where are your calculations to show that the extra power cost is worthwhile?

The AVX-512 code that has been posted here would have lots of L0 hits with only two entries. Each of those hits saves all the power required to calculate the virtual and physical addresses and access the L1 cache and fetch and compare tags.

Here are some papers with power calculations for similar caches below the L1 cache:



> You also ignored the question about a cache in front of the register file for frequently accessed registers.

I'm sure that can be useful, as some GPUs have register file caches or similar structures already. However, this discussion is about the number of L1 read ports and finding an explanation for why the AVX-512 code accesses the same memory multiple times.

> > basically just a few narrow comparators.
>
> Yes, that is the basic part. The complicated part is intercepting all changes
> to any cached registers and invalidating; intercepting all TLB and L1 evictions
> and invalidating; and intercepting all aliasing stores and invalidating.

How is that complicated? The indexes for destination registers are 4-bit each. With two L0 entries you only need four 4-bit comparators to invalidate them if the base or index register is written to. For L1 evictions you have to compare the 9-bit line index of each entry. Aliasing stores can be treated the same as a line eviction so don't need any extra work. So all this is really very cheap.

> > I find it
> > hard to believe an even better alternative would exist.
> > But feel free to present them.
>
> The traditional register file + L1 cache, and none of the complexity of managing the symbolic
> cache, is a good place to start looking. Then add a register file cache if the main regfile becomes
> too large to be efficient. So now feel free to present why this L0 cache is better.

For the cost of a few very narrow comparators, the L0 saves: register file accesses for the base and index register, computing the full virtual address, translating to the physical address through a TLB lookup, accessing the L1 array, accessing the tag array, and comparing the tag against the physical address.

> If this is still not enough, I would say something which is much better thought-out in terms of
> indexing and invalidation would be superior to this L0 idea, e.g., Intel's "signature buffer".
>
> http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.78.601&rep=rep1&type=pdf

How is that superior? It's the exact same idea!

> I would suspect that mid-size vector code will look quite
> a bit different, particularly when you have enough registers to hold repeatedly used vectors.

Too bad, because Intel's compiler isn't reusing the registers even though there are enough. It indicates they've done something to the memory hierarchy, not the register file. If anything the L0 cache just lowers the register file pressure and thus it can be simplified.

> > > There is really no good evidence for this L0 cache. Any handwaved advantage
> > > of it can easily be balanced with a handwaved disadvantage. I can't see why
> > > there is any point in continuing to talk about it without more data.
> >
> > Of course there's no evidence of an L0 cache. We're speculating about a brand new architecture.
>
> That's fine, but when it gets to the point of arguing between one another with unevidenced claims of better efficency,
> and asserting that the complexity will cause no implementation issues, then it becomes pointless.

Why would that be pointless? You have shown no indication that the proposed L0 cache has any complexity that would cause issues. Or do you really need to see "evidence" that a handful of narrow comparators are really cheap compared to all the logic required for an L1 access? If there's anything I've missed to make this work and keep it power efficient, let me know and we can discuss that further. But don't tell me the current argument is pointless without any counter-arguments.
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TopicPosted ByDate
Knights Landing details (new article)David Kanter2014/01/03 12:58 AM
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    eDRAM optionsEric Bron2014/01/09 03:45 AM
  Knights Landing details (new article)Emil Briggs2014/01/03 06:06 AM
  Knights Landing details (new article)Michael S2014/01/03 07:05 AM
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  eDRAM still seems too expensive ...Mark Roulo2014/01/03 10:48 AM
    Nevermind ... I see that you addressed this :-)Mark Roulo2014/01/03 10:51 AM
    eDRAM still seems too expensive ...Eric Bron2014/01/03 01:42 PM
  eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Patrick Chase2014/01/03 11:21 AM
    eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Wes Felter2014/01/03 03:00 PM
      eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Patrick Chase2014/01/03 07:26 PM
        eDRAM or stacked DRAM?tarlinian2014/06/23 09:59 PM
          eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Maynard Handley2014/06/24 01:47 AM
            eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Michael S2014/06/24 03:13 AM
            eDRAM or stacked DRAM?David Kanter2014/06/24 12:09 PM
              eDRAM or stacked DRAM?anon2014/06/24 07:50 PM
                eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 10:02 PM
                  eDRAM or stacked DRAM?anon2014/06/24 10:39 PM
                eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Michael S2014/06/25 01:46 AM
              eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Michael S2014/06/25 01:29 AM
          eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 05:37 AM
            eDRAM or stacked DRAM?tarlinian2014/06/24 08:53 AM
              eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 09:09 AM
                eDRAM or stacked DRAM?tarlinian2014/06/24 09:40 AM
                  eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 10:10 AM
                    eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Eric Bron2014/06/24 10:12 AM
          eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Wes Felter2014/06/24 10:09 PM
            eDRAM or stacked DRAM?Michael S2014/06/25 02:02 AM
  Why not tag-inclusive L3?Paul A. Clayton2014/01/03 04:28 PM
    Why not tag-inclusive L3?Eric Bron2014/01/04 03:22 AM
  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/04 05:43 AM
    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 06:20 AM
      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/04 02:55 PM
        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 03:27 PM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthhobold2014/01/04 04:23 PM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 05:20 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/05 03:42 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/05 03:49 AM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthPatrick Chase2014/01/11 08:13 PM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/13 08:39 PM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 03:18 PM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 04:09 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 05:11 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 05:40 AM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 05:54 AM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 09:00 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 03:31 PM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/07 04:17 PM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 09:55 PM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 01:42 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthGabriele Svelto2014/01/08 08:30 AM
                              Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/08 02:33 PM
                                Occam's razorGabriele Svelto2014/01/08 02:51 PM
                                  Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/08 03:28 PM
                                    Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 04:45 AM
                                      Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 05:02 AM
                                        Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 06:24 AM
                                          Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 06:51 AM
                                            Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 07:18 AM
                                          Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 07:16 AM
                                            Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 08:43 AM
                                              Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 09:17 AM
                                                Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 11:12 AM
                                                  Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 11:18 AM
                                                    Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/09 11:58 AM
                                                  Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 12:35 PM
                                                    Occam's razorbakaneko2014/01/12 10:48 AM
                                                  99.9% not a new extensionNicolas Capens2014/01/10 11:39 AM
                                                    Compiler complexityGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 03:58 AM
                                                      Compiler complexityNicolas Capens2014/01/11 01:20 PM
                                                        Compiler complexityGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 03:17 PM
                                                          Patent pendingNicolas Capens2014/01/14 07:21 PM
                                                    99.9% not a new extensionbakaneko2014/01/12 11:08 AM
                                  L0 data cacheEric Bron2014/01/08 04:52 PM
                                  Occam's razorDavid Kanter2014/01/08 04:53 PM
                                    Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/09 03:07 AM
                                      Occam's razorRicardo B2014/01/09 05:21 AM
                                        Virtually indexed, untaggedNicolas Capens2014/01/10 11:27 AM
                                          Virtually indexed, untaggedGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 04:08 AM
                                            Virtually indexed, untaggedNicolas Capens2014/01/11 09:45 PM
                                              Virtually indexed, untaggedDavid Kanter2014/01/12 02:13 AM
                                                Virtually indexed, untaggedanon2014/01/12 04:02 AM
                                                Virtually indexed, untaggedNicolas Capens2014/01/16 09:55 AM
                                              Virtually indexed, untaggedMichael S2014/01/12 04:09 AM
                                                Virtually indexed, untaggedNicolas Capens2014/01/16 10:47 AM
                                      Occam's razorDavid Kanter2014/01/09 06:42 PM
                                        Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/10 02:22 PM
                                          Occam's razorDavid Kanter2014/01/10 04:06 PM
                                            MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/11 12:24 AM
                                              MEM : ALU ratioGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 03:47 AM
                                                MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron2014/01/11 04:41 AM
                                                  MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron2014/01/11 05:06 AM
                                                    MEM : ALU ratioDavid Kanter2014/01/11 08:28 PM
                                                      MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron nli2014/01/12 02:54 AM
                                                  MEM : ALU ratioGabriele Svelto2014/01/11 10:15 AM
                                                MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/14 06:56 PM
                                                  Etiquette in linking to papersPaul A. Clayton2014/01/14 07:44 PM
                                                  MEM : ALU ratioanon2014/01/14 08:32 PM
                                                    L0 power costNicolas Capens2014/01/16 02:05 PM
                                                      L0 power costanon2014/01/16 10:01 PM
                                                        L0 power costNicolas Capens2014/01/19 12:30 AM
                                                          Links revealedPaul A. Clayton2014/01/19 04:47 PM
                                                          L0 power costanon2014/01/20 01:19 AM
                                                            L0 power costNicolas Capens2014/01/20 02:49 PM
                                                              L0 power costanon2014/01/21 01:18 AM
                                                                Q.E.D.Nicolas Capens2014/01/21 08:44 PM
                                                                  Q.E.D.anon2014/01/21 09:24 PM
                                                                    Straw manNicolas Capens2014/01/23 11:56 PM
                                                                      Straw mananon2014/01/25 06:46 AM
                                                                        Still waiting for an explanationNicolas Capens2014/01/26 12:19 AM
                                                                          Still waiting for an explanationExophase2014/01/26 01:13 PM
                                                                            Still waiting for an explanationbakaneko2014/01/26 11:52 PM
                                                                  Q.E.D.Ricardo B2014/01/22 06:58 PM
                                                                    Q.E.D.Michael S2014/01/23 04:59 AM
                                                                      L0 entry countNicolas Capens2014/01/24 01:11 AM
                                                                        L0 entry countEric Bron2014/01/24 02:08 AM
                                                                          L0 entry countMichael S2014/01/24 06:18 AM
                                                                            L0 entry countEric Bron2014/01/24 07:15 AM
                                                                              L0 entry countMichael S2014/01/24 08:10 AM
                                                                                L0 entry countEric Bron2014/01/24 08:20 AM
                                                                          L0 entry countNicolas Capens2014/01/24 02:33 PM
                                                                            L0 entry countEric Bron2014/01/24 03:20 PM
                                                                              L0 entry count and L1 read port orthogonalityNicolas Capens2014/01/26 01:14 AM
                                                                                L0 entry count and L1 read port orthogonalityEric Bron2014/01/26 03:49 AM
                                                                    L0 hit rateNicolas Capens2014/01/24 12:49 AM
                                                                      L0 hit rateRicardo B2014/01/24 06:42 AM
                                                                        L0 hit rateExophase2014/01/24 01:37 PM
                                                                          L0 hit rateEric Bron2014/01/24 02:12 PM
                                                                        L0 vs RF powerNicolas Capens2014/01/24 02:43 PM
                                              MEM : ALU ratioDavid Kanter2014/01/11 01:47 PM
                                                MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/16 09:23 AM
                                                  MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/17 12:58 PM
                                                    MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/17 01:42 PM
                                                      MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/18 04:57 PM
                                                        MEM : ALU ratiobakaneko2014/01/19 12:47 AM
                                                    MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/20 03:48 PM
                                                      It's called "tunnel vision" (NT)iz2014/01/20 04:36 PM
                                                      MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/20 04:37 PM
                                                        MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/21 04:54 PM
                                                        MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/21 10:07 PM
                                                          MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/22 08:17 AM
                                                            MEM : ALU ratioNicolas Capens2014/01/24 03:33 PM
                                                      MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/21 04:32 PM
                                                        MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/22 08:56 AM
                                                          MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/23 09:06 AM
                                                            MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron2014/01/23 09:45 AM
                                                              editEric Bron2014/01/23 09:49 AM
                                                            MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/23 09:58 AM
                                                              MEM : ALU ratioEric Bron2014/01/23 10:29 AM
                                                                MEM : ALU ratioMichael S2014/01/23 10:33 AM
                                                              MEM : ALU ratioStubabe2014/01/24 04:50 AM
                                                MEM : ALU ratiobakaneko2014/01/23 10:36 AM
                                              MEM : ALU ratioNoSpammer2014/01/11 03:39 PM
                                                L1 vs L0 access costNicolas Capens2014/01/16 03:17 PM
                                                  L1 vs L0 access costNoSpammer2014/01/19 01:48 PM
                                                    L1 vs L0 access costdmcq2014/01/22 05:45 AM
                                                      L1 vs L0 access costGabriele Svelto2014/01/22 07:29 AM
                                                        L1 vs L0 access costdmcq2014/01/22 01:33 PM
                                                          L1 vs L0 access costGabriele Svelto2014/01/22 04:33 PM
                                                            L1 vs L0 access costdmcq2014/01/24 04:19 AM
                                                    L1 vs L0 access costNicolas Capens2014/01/24 02:16 AM
                                      Occam's razorPatrick Chase2014/01/13 11:19 AM
                                  Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/09 12:40 AM
                                    Occam's razorGabriele Svelto2014/01/09 02:41 AM
                                      Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 02:54 AM
                                        Occam's razorGabriele Svelto2014/01/09 06:35 AM
                                          Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 07:14 AM
                                            avoiding redundant loadsEric Bron2014/01/09 07:18 AM
                                            AVX2 versionEric Bron2014/01/09 07:32 AM
                                      Occam's razorAmiba Gelos2014/01/09 03:01 AM
                                        Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 03:06 AM
                                          Occam's razorAmiba Gelos2014/01/09 03:43 AM
                                            Occam's razorEric Bron2014/01/09 04:02 AM
                                        L0 access latencyNicolas Capens2014/01/09 04:27 AM
                                          L0 access latencyAmiba Gelos2014/01/09 05:16 AM
                                            compared to L0$ i would say banking is far more likely (NT)Amiba Gelos2014/01/09 05:20 AM
                                            L0 access latencyNicolas Capens2014/01/10 03:20 PM
                                      Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/09 04:19 AM
                                    Occam's razorNoSpammer2014/01/09 12:55 PM
                                      Occam's razorNicolas Capens2014/01/10 03:40 PM
                                        Occam's razorMichael S2014/01/11 10:21 AM
                                        Occam's razorMichael S2014/01/12 03:21 PM
                                          KNC compiler outputNicolas Capens2014/01/16 06:39 PM
                                            KNC compiler outputMichael S2014/01/18 05:13 PM
                                    L0 cache coherencyDavid Kanter2014/01/11 08:39 PM
                                Occam's razoranon2014/01/09 05:12 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 10:46 AM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 11:23 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/08 02:02 PM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 02:29 PM
                                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 02:54 PM
                                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 03:00 PM
                                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 03:13 PM
                                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 03:28 PM
                                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 03:32 PM
                                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 03:40 PM
                                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 03:51 PM
                                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/09 12:18 PM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthPatrick Chase2014/01/12 10:03 PM
                            Also page/line splits?David Kanter2014/01/12 10:50 PM
                              Also page/line splits?anon2014/01/13 01:44 AM
                                Also page/line splits?none2014/01/13 03:09 AM
                                  Also page/line splits?anon2014/01/13 04:19 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthExophase2014/01/13 12:15 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/13 01:41 AM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthPatrick Chase2014/01/13 11:14 AM
                            Aliased writesNicolas Capens2014/01/14 09:46 PM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/07 04:27 PM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 10:28 PM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/08 02:13 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 11:10 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/08 03:31 PM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/08 03:58 PM
                                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthG. Gouvine2014/01/09 09:10 AM
                                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/09 11:19 AM
                                    Efficient load queue vs. efficient L0 cacheNicolas Capens2014/01/11 12:28 PM
                                      Efficient load queue vs. efficient L0 cacheG. Gouvine2014/01/13 02:11 AM
                                        Efficient load queue vs. efficient L0 cacheMichael S2014/01/13 03:43 AM
                                Register file read port requirementsNicolas Capens2014/01/11 12:55 AM
                                  Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 05:24 AM
                                    Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 05:32 AM
                                      Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 09:57 AM
                                        Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 11:16 AM
                                          Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 11:46 AM
                                            Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 12:12 PM
                                              Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 12:36 PM
                                                Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 12:51 PM
                                              Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 02:27 PM
                                                Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/13 04:24 PM
                                                  Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 06:02 PM
                                                    Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/14 04:50 AM
                                                      Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/14 11:36 AM
                                                        Register file read port requirementsEric Bron nli2014/01/14 01:04 PM
                                            Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 02:17 PM
                                              Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/15 04:27 AM
                                        Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 11:28 AM
                                          Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 12:07 PM
                                            Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 02:40 PM
                                          Register file read port requirementsPatrick Chase2014/01/13 02:34 PM
                                      Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 12:55 PM
                                        Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 01:17 PM
                                          Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 02:36 PM
                                            Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 02:42 PM
                                              Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 03:20 PM
                                                Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 03:26 PM
                                                  Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 04:07 PM
                                                    Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 04:38 PM
                                                      Register file read port requirementsMichael S2014/01/11 04:49 PM
                                                Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 03:39 PM
                                                  Register file read port requirementsEric Bron2014/01/11 03:41 PM
                                                  Register file read port requirementsRicardo B2014/01/11 04:30 PM
                                    Register file read port requirementsNicolas Capens2014/01/11 12:09 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/05 06:55 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/05 07:30 AM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 01:07 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 02:38 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 04:01 AM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 04:44 AM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 05:39 AM
                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 06:00 AM
                              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 06:44 AM
                                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 08:54 AM
                                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 10:11 AM
                                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 10:14 AM
                                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 11:37 AM
                                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthRicardo B2014/01/08 06:25 AM
                                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 08:36 AM
                                            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/08 08:41 AM
                                            KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Michael S2014/01/08 09:43 AM
                                              KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Exophase2014/01/08 10:00 AM
                                                KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Ricardo B2014/01/08 11:39 AM
                                                  KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 12:15 PM
                                                    KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Exophase2014/01/08 01:17 PM
                                                      KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Ricardo B2014/01/08 02:06 PM
                                                        KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Exophase2014/01/08 02:24 PM
                                                        KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 02:38 PM
                                                    KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Michael S2014/01/08 01:54 PM
                                              KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 10:25 AM
                                              KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 10:35 AM
                                                KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Michael S2014/01/08 11:07 AM
                                                  KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 11:24 AM
                                                    KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Michael S2014/01/08 11:43 AM
                                                      KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 01:23 PM
                                              KNC code generator with EVEX back-end?Eric Bron2014/01/08 10:43 AM
                                          AVX2 code much different than AVX-512Eric Bron2014/01/08 08:52 AM
                                            evil questionhobold2014/01/08 10:22 AM
                                              evil questionEric Bron2014/01/08 10:27 AM
                                                evil questionhobold2014/01/08 02:33 PM
                                                  evil questionMichael S2014/01/08 02:37 PM
                                                    stupid question (was: evil question)hobold2014/01/09 05:41 AM
                                                      stupid question (was: evil question)Eric Bron2014/01/09 05:52 AM
                                                        stupid question (was: evil question)Michael S2014/01/09 08:00 AM
                                                          stupid question (was: evil question)Michael S2014/01/09 08:12 AM
                                                            stupid question (was: evil question)Eric Bron2014/01/09 10:47 AM
                                                              stupid question (was: evil question)Michael S2014/01/09 11:48 AM
                                                                more decisive (hopefully) test caseMichael S2014/01/09 12:01 PM
                                                                  more decisive (hopefully) test caseEric Bron2014/01/09 12:08 PM
                                                                    more decisive (hopefully) test caseMichael S2014/01/09 12:24 PM
                                                                      more decisive (hopefully) test caseEric Bron2014/01/09 12:27 PM
                                                                        more decisive (hopefully) test caseMichael S2014/01/09 12:33 PM
                                                                  AVX2Eric Bron2014/01/09 12:14 PM
                                                                    AVX2Michael S2014/01/09 12:30 PM
                                                                      AVX2Eric Bron2014/01/09 12:40 PM
                                                                  another tryMichael S2014/01/09 03:02 PM
                                                                    another tryEric Bron2014/01/09 03:33 PM
                                                                      another tryMichael S2014/01/09 04:20 PM
                                                                      another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/09 04:24 PM
                                                                        another try - ignore misformated mess aboveGabriele Svelto2014/01/10 01:01 AM
                                                                          another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/10 03:05 AM
                                                                            another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 10:23 AM
                                                                              another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 11:08 AM
                                                                                another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 12:09 PM
                                                                                  another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 12:12 PM
                                                                                    another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 12:24 PM
                                                                                      another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 01:24 PM
                                                                                        another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:11 PM
                                                                                          another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 02:18 PM
                                                                                            another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:27 PM
                                                                                              another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 02:29 PM
                                                                                                another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:46 PM
                                                                                                  another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:46 PM
                                                                                                  another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 03:28 PM
                                                                                        another try - ignore misformated mess aboveEric Bron2014/01/11 02:17 PM
                                                                                          another try - ignore misformated mess aboveMichael S2014/01/11 02:24 PM
                                                                    KNC versionMichael S2014/01/11 05:19 PM
                                                                      KNC versionEric Bron nli2014/01/12 02:59 AM
                                                                        KNC versionGabriele Svelto2014/01/12 09:06 AM
                                                  evil questionEric Bron2014/01/08 02:41 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthPatrick Chase2014/01/05 11:20 PM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 02:45 AM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 04:12 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 04:17 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthanon2014/01/06 05:20 AM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/04 05:34 PM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 05:44 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 12:25 PM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/05 01:50 PM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 03:34 PM
                    Might even help with gatherNicolas Capens2014/01/05 03:40 PM
                      What is an L0 cache?David Kanter2014/01/05 10:44 PM
                        What is an L0 cache?anon2014/01/06 05:57 AM
                          What is an L0 cache?Nicolas Capens2014/01/06 12:57 PM
                            What is an L0 cache?anon2014/01/06 02:18 PM
    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthDavid Kanter2014/01/04 10:58 AM
      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/04 04:24 PM
        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/04 04:46 PM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthKonrad Schwarz2014/01/08 12:48 AM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/08 02:45 AM
        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthDavid Kanter2014/01/05 01:44 AM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/05 03:55 AM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 12:18 PM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMaynard Handley2014/01/05 11:33 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 04:02 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 04:23 AM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 04:35 AM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 05:20 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 05:32 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 05:36 AM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMichael S2014/01/06 06:00 AM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 06:07 AM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthEric Bron2014/01/06 06:14 AM
                            editsEric Bron2014/01/06 06:22 AM
                              optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/06 06:35 AM
                                yet more optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/06 06:42 AM
                                  latest version for todayEric Bron2014/01/06 06:51 AM
                                    Probably just L2 bandwith limitedNicolas Capens2014/01/06 11:48 AM
                                  yet more optimized versionMaynard Handley2014/01/06 06:54 PM
                                optimized versionMaynard Handley2014/01/06 06:52 PM
                                  optimized versionMichael S2014/01/07 10:42 AM
                                    optimized versionNicolas Capens2014/01/07 12:36 PM
                                      optimized versionMichael S2014/01/07 03:41 PM
                                        optimized versionNicolas Capens2014/01/07 10:52 PM
                                          optimized versionMichael S2014/01/08 02:10 AM
                                    optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/07 02:34 PM
                                      optimized versionMichael S2014/01/07 03:18 PM
                                        optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/07 03:30 PM
                                          optimized versionEric Bron2014/01/07 03:33 PM
                                            optimized versionMichael S2014/01/07 03:57 PM
                                    optimized versionMaynard Handley2014/01/07 06:50 PM
                                      optimized versionMichael S2014/01/08 02:39 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMaynard Handley2014/01/06 06:47 PM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/06 09:18 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthMaynard Handley2014/01/06 06:56 PM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 12:18 PM
        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/05 01:15 PM
          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/05 03:06 PM
            Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/06 04:20 AM
              Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/06 11:54 AM
                Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/06 01:24 PM
                  Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/06 09:15 PM
                    Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/07 03:58 AM
                      Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/07 03:18 PM
                        Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNoSpammer2014/01/08 01:38 PM
                          Knights Landing L/S bandwidthNicolas Capens2014/01/08 11:14 PM
  AVX512F questionMichael S2014/01/06 10:18 AM
    AVX512F questionNicolas Capens2014/01/06 12:01 PM
  Knights Landing - time for obituary?Michael S2018/07/31 03:00 PM
    Knights Landing - time for obituary?Adrian2018/07/31 09:24 PM
      Knights Landing - time for obituary?SoftwareEngineer2018/08/01 02:15 AM
        auto-vectorization is a dead endMichael S2018/08/01 03:48 AM
          Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMark Roulo2018/08/01 11:07 AM
            Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endPassing Through2018/08/01 01:35 PM
              Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endDavid Kanter2018/08/01 10:44 PM
                Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endPassing Through2018/08/02 01:51 AM
            Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endSoftwareEngineer2018/08/02 01:19 AM
              Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMark Roulo2018/08/02 09:50 AM
                Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMichael S2018/08/02 12:11 PM
                  Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endj2018/08/02 11:37 PM
                    Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMichael S2018/08/03 03:50 AM
                      Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endrwessel2018/08/03 11:06 PM
                  Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endRicardo B2018/08/03 04:20 AM
                    Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endMichael S2018/08/03 05:37 AM
                      Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endRicardo B2018/08/03 11:22 AM
            Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endTravis2018/08/03 07:58 PM
              Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Jouni Osmala2018/08/03 10:22 PM
                Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Jukka Larja2018/08/04 04:03 AM
                  Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Passing Through2018/08/04 06:47 AM
                Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Travis2018/08/04 01:50 PM
                  Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Michael S2018/08/04 02:33 PM
                    Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Travis2018/08/04 02:48 PM
                    Potential way to autovectorization in the future. Passing Through2018/08/04 02:58 PM
                  Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationJeff S.2018/08/04 05:42 PM
                    Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationanonymou52018/08/04 06:21 PM
                      Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationJeff S.2018/08/04 06:38 PM
                        Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationanonymou52018/08/04 07:45 PM
                          Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationJeff S.2018/08/04 08:08 PM
                            Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationanonymou52018/08/04 08:18 PM
                              Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationNomad2018/08/05 11:10 PM
                                Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationanonymou52018/08/06 12:14 PM
                                Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationTravis2018/08/06 08:43 PM
                            Skylake server/client AVX PRF speculationTravis2018/08/06 08:39 PM
              Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endBrett2018/08/04 01:55 PM
                Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endTravis2018/08/04 02:38 PM
                  Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endPassing Through2018/08/04 03:00 PM
                    New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed? (NT)Travis2018/08/04 03:34 PM
                      New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed?Passing Through2018/08/04 04:12 PM
                        New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed?anonymou52018/08/04 06:00 PM
                          New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed?Brett2018/08/04 06:40 PM
                            New record for shortest post by Ireland - AI crashed?anonymou52018/08/04 07:38 PM
                  Auto-vectorization of random C is a dead endnoko2018/08/04 09:46 PM
        The story of ispc (a 12 entry blog series)Simon Farnsworth2018/08/01 03:50 AM
          the 1st link is empty (NT)Michael S2018/08/01 04:05 AM
            the 1st link is emptySimon Farnsworth2018/08/01 06:42 AM
          Interesting read, thanks! (NT)SoftwareEngineer2018/08/01 06:57 AM
          Amazing readLaurent2018/08/01 09:00 AM
            Amazing readPassing Through2018/08/01 01:13 PM
              Amazing readDoug S2018/08/01 02:30 PM
                Amazing readPassing Through2018/08/01 02:49 PM
          ISPC vs OpenCL?j2018/08/02 11:41 PM
            ISPC vs OpenCL?coppcie2018/08/03 03:55 AM
            ISPC vs OpenCL?Passing Through2018/08/03 04:07 AM
              Go awayForum Reader2018/08/03 08:11 AM
              ISPC vs OpenCL?Gian-Carlo Pascutto2018/09/11 06:50 AM
            ISPC vs OpenCL?SoftwareEngineer2018/08/03 04:18 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?Kevin G2018/08/01 07:14 AM
          Knights Landing - time for obituary?SoftwareEngineer2018/08/01 07:29 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/01 07:38 AM
          Knights Landing - time for obituary?Eric Bron2018/08/02 06:57 AM
            Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/02 12:29 PM
              Knights Landing - time for obituary?Eric Bron2018/08/02 01:49 PM
                Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/02 02:17 PM
          chess algorithms vs, low level optimizationsEric Bron2018/08/02 07:15 AM
            AlphaZero vs StockfishMichael S2018/08/02 07:55 AM
              AlphaZero vs StockfishEric Bron2018/08/02 08:24 AM
                AlphaZero vs StockfishMichael S2018/08/02 09:01 AM
                  AlphaZero vs StockfishEric Bron2018/08/02 09:11 AM
                  Leela 4th vs all othersEric Bron nli2018/09/11 03:40 AM
              AlphaZero vs StockfishGian-Carlo Pascutto2018/09/11 06:31 AM
                AlphaZero vs StockfishEric Bron2018/09/11 09:26 AM
                  AlphaZero vs StockfishEric Bron2018/09/11 09:58 AM
        C/C++ and vector/parallel/distributedRichardC2018/08/02 05:50 AM
      Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/01 07:52 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?Kevin G2018/08/01 02:03 PM
          Knights Landing - time for obituary?Passing Through2018/08/01 02:33 PM
      Knights Landing - time for obituary?Kevin G2018/08/01 08:26 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?Kevin G2018/08/01 08:26 AM
        Knights Landing - time for obituary?juanrga2018/08/01 02:26 PM
          Knights Landing - time for obituary?hobel2018/08/02 05:46 AM
    Knights Landing - time for obituary?juanrga2018/07/31 11:25 PM
      Right, time for obituary for whole LRB lineageAM2018/08/02 11:46 AM
        Right, time for obituary for whole LRB lineageAdrian2018/08/02 11:46 PM
          LRBNI, AVX512, etc...Michael S2018/08/03 05:23 AM
        Right, time for obituary for whole LRB lineagejuanrga2018/08/03 04:11 AM
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How do you spell green?