RWT Article: What’s Next for Moore’s Law? For Intel, III+V = 10nm QWFETs

Article: What's Next for Moore's Law? For Intel, III+V = 10nm QWFETs
By: David Kanter (dkanter.delete@this.realworldtech.com), April 28, 2015 9:07 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
Otis (otistd.delete@this.gmail.comd) on April 27, 2015 9:24 pm wrote:
> David Kanter (dkanter.delete@this.realworldtech.com) on April 22, 2015 11:48 pm wrote:
> > Otis (otistd.delete@this.gmail.com) on April 22, 2015 7:48 am wrote:
> > > David Kanter (dkanter.delete@this.realworldtech.com) on April 21, 2015 2:53 pm wrote:
>
> > >The infrastructure
> > > for running III-V on 300mm Si in HVM isn't there yet. From and EHS perspective alone, InGaAs or GaAs
> > > is a significant headache, not because of As toxicity as
> > > you might think, but because of As carcinogenicity-
> > > meaning zero exposure is the goal.
> >
> > How does this compare to the steps taken to isolate any copper from FEOL?
>
> From my perspective it is apples and oranges, but I'm a process guy. Cu kills devices, but As kills
> people. Which is a flippant way of pointing out that the Cu issue isn't a safety issue, it's a
> quality (i.e. yield) issue. For those of us that work in that fab that is a lot different from
> a safety issue where EHS becomes heavily involved and tools and procedures need to be audited and
> certified. And I imagine industrial hygiene needs to be checked and maintained as well.

That's fair. I think my point was that both should be feasible, and I don't understand the overhead/complexity differences between the two.

[snip]

> > >Finally, the distinction between QWFETs and FinFETs is not so clear as
> > > you make it seem- Intels III-V Tri-Gates which you show, do not have a large band gap barrier isolating
> > > the channel surface, as in a traditiona QW, so they are really just TriGate- or TriGate is essentially
> > > a QW, depending on how you want to look at it- it's a bit fuzzy.
> >
> > That's right - there's only a single barrier layer and it's beneath the channel,
> > as opposed to the planar example (which also had a different mix of In vs. Ga).
>
> Bulk FinFETs use a punch through stopper, that is essentially a counterdoped layer under
> the fin- which has the same purposes as the Epi barrier. Intel announced the use of
> Solid source doping at 14nm for the Punch through stopper- they use doped glass and
> introduced SiN liners inside the STI to do the integration for N and P type.

I believe that is the 'subfin doping' they described in their IEDM paper, correct?

> > > Regarding Ge, there are signicant integration issues with pure Ge, and even high Ge SiGe channels that you
> > > seem unaware of or at least don't mention.
> >
> > >However, Ge is in the fab already (SiGe Souce/Drain) and can be
> > > handled easily without the additional infrastructure and re-tooling needed for III-V.
> >
> > Yes, it's definitely a much easier material to work with.
> >
> > > Actually the IBM alliance
> > > partners have low Ge SiGe channels running in HVM. In any case low Ge SiGe ( Ge) could
> > > show up at Intel for 10/7nm. Here is a reasonable set of predictions to counter yours.
> >
> > Awesome - I'm glad you're willing to step up and make some predictions!
> >
> > > -Intel will introduce low Ge SiGe channels for PFET only at 10nm or possibly 7nm.
> >
> > Do you think they will do something to improve NFET performance and keep the beta ratio near 1?
>
> At 22nm the Intel PFET was sitting about 85% of NFET drive current. At 14nm they are equal, and no Ge added.
> How did that come about? (I think I know the answer from a teardown, but not sure it's public). Basically
> I think they can design the fins so that the beta ratio is near 1- they are already doing that at 14nm.

Interesting. I'll have to see if I can find a tear down that is accessible.

> > > -Intel will introduce a Gate All Around (GAA) stacked nanowire FET structure at 7nm or possibly 5nm
> >
> > I agree that Intel will likely look at GAA next to improve short channel behavior.
>
> Basic point is that GAA improves N and P both without introducing complex
> heterointegration, so that will come before high Ge PFET and III-V of any
> kind. The fins will turn into ~4 nanowires stacked on top of each other.

What magnitude of improvement though? I'm not into device modeling, but it seems like GAA is an incremental improvement over FinFETs. FinFETs are a huge gain because we can use high aspect ratio fins and improve effective gate width per unit foot print. GAA buys relatively little in that regard.

I also wonder if GAA would make III-V/Ge integration easier, since now we'd have gate materials on all sides.

David
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