5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?

By: noko (noko.delete@this.noko.com), October 2, 2015 5:19 pm
Room: Moderated Discussions
Maynard Handley (name99.delete@this.name99.org) on October 2, 2015 10:37 am wrote:
> Megol (golem960.delete@this.gmail.com) on October 2, 2015 4:39 am wrote:
> > Maynard Handley (name99.delete@this.name99.org) on October 2, 2015 1:10 am wrote:
> > > Exophase (exophase.delete@this.gmail.com) on October 1, 2015 11:07 pm wrote:
> > > > David Kanter (dkanter.delete@this.realworldtech.com) on October 1, 2015 4:49 pm wrote:
> > > > > For example, what happens if the pair loads target different pages?
> > > > > You'd need to do two separate translations through the TLB.
> > > >
> > > > You make this relatively unusual case take 2-3 cycles.
> > > >
> > > > Having a similar penalty for cacheline-crossing loads is still not a huge detriment. Even if you limited
> > > > single-cycle performance to naturally aligned boundaries you would still get significantly better bang
> > > > for your buck vs not having the instruction at all. And since you need decent 64/128-bit load support
> > > > for SIMD it's kind of a given, the only catch is supporting the two register destinations.
> > >
> > > "the only catch is supporting the two register destinations."
> > > And that may be necessary anyway depending on how you support the "S-suffix" instructions (those that
> > > also set the zero/overflow/etc flags). You can crack those this PPC did, but if you've designed them
> > > properly (as I assume ARM did for v8, learning from PPC's mistakes) the natural high performance thing
> > > would be to have a pool of renamed 4-bit flag registers, use the normal rename channels, and just accept
> > > that some largish fraction (20% or so?) of your instructions are going to be two destination. (Once
> > > you have this machinery, you may also be able to use it to fuse instruction pairs that are common but
> > > each generate a separate output if there are cases where that's worth the hassle.)
> >
> > Why would your scheme be more "proper" than the PPC one?
> > Increasing register targets per instruction is expensive, not just with register write ports
> > (not that a power optimized design is likely to support the theoretical register write peak,
> > register port reduction techniques are common) but also in the bypass network etc.
>
> More "proper" = "higher performance".
> Another set of instructions that generate two destinations is
> the various load-store-with-address-update instructions.

Based on the Cortex-A57 optimization guide, writeback forms of load/stores do indeed generate an additional uop. LDP, however, appears to be only one load uop except for the vector Q-form that access 256-bits, which is 2 uop. Additionally, the armv7 vector permute instructions that have 2 register outputs appear to be 1 uop for the D-form, and 3 uop for Q-form.

So it appears that Cortex-A57 and A72 uops support multiple register destinations.

> > I don't remember if AARCH64 support split conditions (parts of the flag result come from
> > several instructions) but if they did their lesson and don't one of the most inexpensive
> > ways to handle condition flags are attaching them to registers. Then the complications evaporate
> > with very little extra state (n extra bits per physical register for flags, keeping track
> > of the register storing the current condition in the renamer) and little overhead.

arm64 does indeed have no instructions that cause partial flag updates. A32/T32 have instructions that only update a subset of the flags.
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TopicPosted ByDate
Update to Intel Optimization ManualSHK2015/09/29 05:38 AM
  gather speedEric Bron2015/09/29 09:43 AM
    gather speedGabriele Svelto2015/09/29 12:00 PM
  Update to Intel Optimization ManualTim McCaffrey2015/09/29 11:18 AM
    Update to Intel Optimization ManualSHK2015/09/29 12:04 PM
      Update to Intel Optimization ManualAnon2015/09/29 02:23 PM
    Update to Intel Optimization Manualnone2015/09/29 10:31 PM
      Update to Intel Optimization ManualMichael S2015/09/30 04:24 AM
    Update to Intel Optimization ManualMichael S2015/09/30 04:30 AM
      Update to Intel Optimization ManualTim McCaffrey2015/09/30 10:01 AM
  5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Wouter Tinus2015/09/30 02:14 PM
    5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/09/30 03:30 PM
      5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Alberto2015/10/01 12:13 AM
        5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?anon2015/10/01 02:21 AM
          5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Alberto2015/10/01 04:41 AM
            5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?anon2015/10/01 05:27 AM
              5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Alberto2015/10/01 08:33 AM
                5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?juanrga2015/10/01 10:24 AM
        5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/01 08:57 AM
    5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?juanrga2015/10/01 03:59 AM
      5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Wouter Tinus2015/10/01 02:48 PM
        5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?juanrga2015/10/03 03:17 AM
          5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Wouter Tinus2015/10/03 11:19 AM
            Are you kidding? (NT)juanrga2015/10/04 05:30 AM
              Are you kidding?Wouter Tinus2015/10/04 03:18 PM
                Are you kidding?juanrga2015/10/05 09:46 AM
                  Are you kidding?David Kanter2015/10/05 11:24 AM
                    Are you kidding?anon2015/10/05 09:26 PM
                    Are you kidding?Linus Torvalds2015/10/07 04:49 AM
                      Are you kidding?juanrga2015/10/07 10:46 AM
                        Are you kidding?anon2015/10/07 06:21 PM
                  Are you kidding?Wouter Tinus2015/10/05 01:25 PM
                    Are you kidding?juanrga2015/10/06 10:17 AM
                      Are you kidding?Stubabe2015/10/07 12:17 AM
                        Are you kidding?juanrga2015/10/07 10:56 AM
                          Amazing...Wouter Tinus2015/10/07 11:31 AM
                            Amazing...juanrga2015/10/07 03:45 PM
                          Are you kidding?Stubabe2015/10/07 11:57 AM
                            Are you kidding?juanrga2015/10/07 03:59 PM
                          Are you kidding?Wilco2015/10/07 02:07 PM
                            Are you kidding?juanrga2015/10/07 04:33 PM
      5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Eric Bron2015/10/04 04:18 AM
    5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?David Kanter2015/10/01 09:01 AM
      Optimal number and kind of execution unitsjuanrga2015/10/01 10:50 AM
        Optimal number and kind of execution unitsPatrick Chase2015/10/01 04:38 PM
          Optimal number and kind of execution unitsI.S.T.2015/10/01 05:10 PM
            Optimal number and kind of execution unitsPatrick Chase2015/10/01 11:39 PM
          Optimal number and kind of execution unitsExophase2015/10/01 10:11 PM
          Optimal number and kind of execution unitsjuanrga2015/10/02 05:14 AM
      LD/ST unitsSHK2015/10/01 11:11 AM
        LD/ST unitsDavid Kanter2015/10/01 12:54 PM
          LD/ST unitsSHK2015/10/02 04:55 AM
            LD/ST unitsJukka Larja2015/10/02 09:49 PM
        LD/ST unitsMaynard Handley2015/10/01 01:01 PM
          LD/ST unitsanon2015/10/01 09:54 PM
      5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/01 12:57 PM
        5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?David Kanter2015/10/01 03:49 PM
          5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/01 06:21 PM
          5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Exophase2015/10/01 10:07 PM
            5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/02 12:10 AM
              5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Megol2015/10/02 03:39 AM
                5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Michael S2015/10/02 04:27 AM
                5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/02 09:37 AM
                  5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?noko2015/10/02 05:19 PM
              5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Exophase2015/10/02 06:43 AM
                5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/02 09:45 AM
                  5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Exophase2015/10/02 10:23 AM
          5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Wilco2015/10/02 12:48 PM
            5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/02 01:25 PM
              5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Wilco2015/10/02 02:26 PM
              5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?noko2015/10/02 05:45 PM
                5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/02 06:54 PM
            5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?David Kanter2015/10/02 01:59 PM
              5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Wilco2015/10/02 02:59 PM
                5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?David Kanter2015/10/02 03:15 PM
                  5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Wilco2015/10/02 04:06 PM
                    LDP/STP usage in AArch64 for 403.gccnone2015/10/03 01:04 AM
                      LDP/STP usage in AArch64 for 403.gccWilco2015/10/03 03:02 AM
                        LDP/STP usage in AArch64 for 403.gccnone2015/10/03 03:11 AM
                          LDP/STP usage in AArch64 for 403.gccWilco2015/10/03 03:37 AM
                            LDP/STP usage in AArch64 for 403.gccnone2015/10/03 04:37 AM
                              LDP/STP usage in AArch64 for 403.gccWilco2015/10/03 05:26 AM
                  5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/02 04:24 PM
              5-6 wide core, why no mention from Intel?Maynard Handley2015/10/02 03:07 PM
  Update to Intel Optimization Manualanon2015/09/30 04:43 PM
  Update to Intel Optimization ManualPatrick Chase2015/09/30 09:44 PM
    Update to Intel Optimization Manualanon2015/09/30 10:49 PM
    Update to Intel Optimization Manualnone2015/09/30 10:50 PM
    Update to Intel Optimization ManualDavid Kanter2015/10/01 12:52 PM
      Update to Intel Optimization ManualPatrick Chase2015/10/01 04:16 PM
        Update to Intel Optimization Manualanon2015/10/01 10:45 PM
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