Why not initialize all variables to zero?

By: Michael S (already5chosen.delete@this.yahoo.com), March 30, 2020 2:24 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
gallier2 (gallier2.delete@this.gmx.de) on March 29, 2020 11:48 pm wrote:
> Linus Torvalds (torvalds.delete@this.linux-foundation.org) on March 28, 2020 9:40 am wrote:
> > Foo_ (foo.delete@this.nomail.com) on March 28, 2020 2:34 am wrote:
> > >
> > > Right. But at least it probably makes bugs easier to detect
> > > and diagnose, since behaviour becomes deterministic
> > > (your uninitialized variable is always zeroed, rather than getting a runtime-dependent value).
> >
> > Correct.
> >
> > We've not taken that step yet for the kernel, but it's actually one of the
> > more palatable "hardening" options you have when you care about security.
> >
> > The "but initializing will hide bugs" is one of those noises that people make without any real thought.
> > It's become a mindless talking point, rather than a real argument. It's BS, in other words.
> >
>
> I had it several time in the project I work on that an initialized value was wrong. It was always
> due to bad practices of mindlessly initializing the variables AND defining them at the top of the
> function like it was mandatory in old C AND writing functions that are too big (bad structuring).

Nitpick: even very old pre-ISO C allows declaration of variables at block scope.
That's especially useful (and, I suppose, used) when functions are big.

> The C++ feature which was then also adopted by C99 of defining variables anywhere
> in the program flow (and inside a for() statement) COMPLETELY eliminate the
> issue if the variable is initialized explicitely with the right value.
>
> This said, D also showed that default initializing all variables is not a performance problem
> if providing an escape hatch of explicit non initialization (int var = void;) when required.

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TopicPosted ByDate
Why not initialize all variables to zero?Doug S2020/03/26 12:13 PM
  Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?Mark Roulo2020/03/26 04:44 PM
    Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?Konrad Scharz2020/03/27 01:09 AM
      Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?Gionatan Danti2020/03/27 03:13 AM
        Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?Foo_2020/03/27 03:45 AM
          Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?Gionatan Danti2020/03/27 09:19 AM
            Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?Foo_2020/03/28 02:32 AM
              Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?Montaray Jack2020/03/28 10:26 AM
      Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?Jeff S.2020/03/27 07:22 AM
        Most (all?) modern programming languages do this, right?anonymou52020/03/27 01:08 PM
  Why not initialize all variables to zero?Etienne2020/03/27 01:56 AM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?NoSpammer2020/03/27 02:31 AM
  Why not initialize all variables to zero?Carlie Coats2020/03/27 06:17 AM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?Jukka Larja2020/03/27 10:14 PM
      Why not initialize all variables to zero?Anon2020/03/28 12:01 AM
        Why not initialize all variables to zero?Jukka Larja2020/03/28 08:25 AM
          Why not initialize all variables to zero?Anon2020/03/28 11:20 AM
            Why not initialize all variables to zero?Jukka Larja2020/03/28 11:45 AM
              Why not initialize all variables to zero?Anon2020/03/28 01:21 PM
                Why not initialize all variables to zero?Jukka Larja2020/03/28 09:49 PM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?Doug S2020/03/28 11:27 AM
      Why not initialize all variables to zero?Anon2020/03/28 01:24 PM
        Why not initialize all variables to zero?Carlie Coats2020/03/29 06:56 AM
  Why not initialize all variables to zero?Gabriele Svelto2020/03/27 06:52 AM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?Foo_2020/03/28 02:34 AM
      Why not initialize all variables to zero?Linus Torvalds2020/03/28 09:40 AM
        Why not initialize all variables to zero?Doug S2020/03/28 11:21 AM
          Why not initialize all variables to zero?Linus Torvalds2020/03/28 01:01 PM
            Why not initialize all variables to zero?Etienne2020/04/02 01:14 AM
              Why not initialize all variables to zero?gallier22020/04/02 05:41 AM
              Why not initialize all variables to zero?Doug S2020/04/02 09:51 AM
        Why not initialize all variables to zero?Gabriele Svelto2020/03/28 01:46 PM
          Why not initialize all variables to zero?Linus Torvalds2020/03/28 04:28 PM
            Why not initialize all variables to zero?Anon32020/03/29 04:23 AM
            Why not initialize all variables to zero?Gabriele Svelto2020/03/29 12:28 PM
              Why not initialize all variables to zero?Anon32020/03/29 01:05 PM
                Why not initialize all variables to zero?Gabriele Svelto2020/03/30 12:52 AM
        Why not initialize all variables to zero?Carlie Coats2020/03/29 07:03 AM
        Why not initialize all variables to zero?gallier22020/03/29 11:48 PM
          Why not initialize all variables to zero?Michael S2020/03/30 02:24 AM
            Why not initialize all variables to zero?gallier22020/03/30 03:11 AM
        Why not discard variables after last use?2020/03/31 08:02 AM
          Makes no sense at allHeikki Kultala2020/03/31 01:01 PM
            An example (maybe)Mark Roulo2020/03/31 04:07 PM
              An example (maybe)Doug S2020/04/01 11:01 AM
                An example (maybe)Simon Farnsworth2020/04/02 02:21 AM
            Why not discard variables after last use?2020/04/02 12:41 PM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?j2020/03/28 09:16 AM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?Montaray Jack2020/03/28 11:42 AM
  Why not initialize all variables to zero?blaine2020/03/27 01:23 PM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?James2020/03/28 03:18 AM
      Why not initialize all variables to zero?Anon32020/03/28 05:14 AM
      Why not initialize all variables to zero?Doug S2020/03/28 11:32 AM
        Why not initialize all variables to zero?Anon32020/03/28 11:45 AM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?gallier22020/03/30 12:03 AM
  Why not initialize all variables to zero?gallier22020/03/29 11:32 PM
    Why not initialize all variables to zero?Michael S2020/03/30 02:30 AM
      Why not initialize all variables to zero?gallier22020/03/30 03:45 AM
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