Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.

By: Brett (ggtgp.delete@this.yahoo.com), December 19, 2020 8:13 pm
Room: Moderated Discussions
Björn Ragnar Björnsson (bjorn.ragnar.delete@this.gmail.com) on December 19, 2020 4:25 pm wrote:
> Wes Felter (wmf.delete@this.felter.org) on December 18, 2020 9:38 pm wrote:
> > Björn Ragnar Björnsson (bjorn.ragnar.delete@this.gmail.com) on December 16, 2020 10:09 pm wrote:
> >
> > > This in-line ECC appears to be a colossal kludge, presented as
> > > a feature, to solve a problem that never should have existed.
> >
> > I don't think in-band ECC has much to do with Intel's price discrimination around ECC. On a DDR4
> > memory channel you add a 9th DRAM chip for ECC. On an LPDDR4 channel based on x16 or x32 DRAMs...
> > you can't just add another chip. I guess there's a parallel universe where LPDDR4 was defined
> > as 36-bit or 40-bit wide but it's too late for that now. I also suspect that if Intel had never
> > skimped on ECC some other company would have eventually started the race to the bottom.
>
> There's a legitimate need for ECC for systems that have no way of providing support for it. I suspect that something
> like socket compatibility is driving this in-band ECC push. If you don't have the pins for ECC bits in a socket
> you now need to support with ECC, I guess in-band ECC is reasonable far from optimal surgery.
>
> Race to the bottom by anybody other than Intel would have failed and the reason is simple:
> Intel has for the ~ last three decades held nearly all of the CPU market power.
>
> My take, ECC support should never have been dropped the way it was and the way it was dropped constitutes
> in my mind malicious price discrimination. I realize that price discrimination is probably inevitable
> in many circumstance, I just wish Intel would have discriminated less destructively.

What exactly is wrong with moving ECC on chip as is being done?
On chip the ECC is faster and does not involve the CPU, so one bit flips by cosmic ray strikes are fixed.
Most systems only have one or two RAM chips, now those systems can have ECC.
Denser chips are more error prone, so eventually all RAM chips will have ECC.
The cost to add one bit to a 128 bit access is cheap at under 1%, so high quality multi bit ECC is cheap and what is cheap becomes widespread.

Manufacturing wise you test the chips and those with hard errors fixed by ECC you sell as non-ECC chips at full price, instead of at half price as you disabled half the array.
Right now hard errors are handled by spares, but you don’t need spares with on chip ECC. So a chip with ECC is not bigger and more expensive, the spares are just getting used actively.
This is why ECC is moving on chip, it’s the best place to do ECC.

Thus I predict that the era of RAM bit flip errors will shortly be largely over.
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TopicPosted ByDate
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        ECC in SoCsAdrian2020/12/17 08:43 AM
          ECC in SoCsMichael S2020/12/17 12:06 PM
  In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake UAdrian2020/12/16 07:31 AM
    In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake UJS2020/12/16 09:07 PM
      In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake UGabriele Svelto2020/12/16 10:00 PM
        In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake UJS2020/12/17 12:39 AM
          In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake UEtienne Lorrain2020/12/17 02:15 AM
            In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake UJames2020/12/17 07:28 AM
              In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake UEtienne Lorrain2020/12/17 09:16 AM
                In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake Urwessel2020/12/17 09:51 AM
                  In-band ECC support in recent Atom SoCs & Tiger Lake UMichael S2020/12/17 12:22 PM
    Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/16 10:09 PM
      Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maxwell2020/12/17 12:58 AM
        Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.pixiespeed2020/12/17 09:04 AM
      Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Adrian2020/12/17 07:40 AM
      Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maynard Handley2020/12/17 09:09 AM
        Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Etienne Lorrain2020/12/17 09:26 AM
          Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maynard Handley2020/12/17 09:42 AM
            Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.David Kanter2020/12/17 12:04 PM
              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Doug S2020/12/17 01:03 PM
              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.phonon2020/12/17 03:25 PM
                Internal array ECC vs. memory controllerDavid Kanter2020/12/19 10:39 AM
                  Internal array ECC vs. memory controllerJörn Engel2020/12/20 10:42 AM
                    Internal array ECC vs. memory controllerrwessel2020/12/20 10:52 AM
                    Internal array ECC vs. memory controllerDavid Kanter2020/12/20 03:44 PM
              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maynard Handley2020/12/17 04:55 PM
                Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.rwessel2020/12/17 07:34 PM
                  Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maynard Handley2020/12/17 09:10 PM
                    Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maynard Handley2020/12/17 09:43 PM
                      Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maynard Handley2020/12/18 09:30 AM
                        Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.anon22020/12/19 01:00 AM
                          Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maynard Handley2020/12/19 10:23 AM
                            Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.anon22020/12/19 03:01 PM
                              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Maynard Handley2020/12/19 04:23 PM
                                Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.anon22020/12/19 04:30 PM
              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/17 07:41 PM
                Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.David Hess2020/12/19 08:48 PM
              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Memory Guy2020/12/17 09:19 PM
      Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.rwessel2020/12/17 10:01 AM
      Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Wes Felter2020/12/18 09:38 PM
        Thanks for the confirmation!David Kanter2020/12/19 11:51 AM
          Thanks for the confirmation!Konrad Schwarz2020/12/20 09:34 AM
            Thanks for the confirmation!Niels Jørgen Kruse2020/12/20 11:01 AM
              Thanks for the confirmation!David Kanter2020/12/20 03:45 PM
              Thanks for the confirmation!Gionatan Danti2020/12/21 12:50 AM
                Thanks for the confirmation!Niels Jørgen Kruse2020/12/21 09:07 AM
            Thanks for the confirmation!David Kanter2020/12/20 03:42 PM
              Thanks for the confirmation!Foo_2020/12/21 02:01 AM
                Thanks for the confirmation!David Kanter2020/12/21 08:39 AM
            Thanks for the confirmation!Paul2020/12/20 11:29 PM
              Thanks for the confirmation!Michael S2020/12/21 01:00 AM
                Thanks for the confirmation!anon20202020/12/21 01:44 AM
                Thanks for the confirmation!Paul2020/12/22 12:42 PM
                  Thanks for the confirmation!Michael S2020/12/22 02:28 PM
                    Thanks for the confirmation!Paul2020/12/22 06:12 PM
                      Thanks for the confirmation!Michael S2020/12/23 02:55 PM
                        Thanks for the confirmation!Paul2020/12/23 03:54 PM
                          Thanks for the confirmation!Dan Fay2020/12/23 04:38 PM
                            Thanks for the confirmation!Paul2020/12/26 04:10 AM
                              Thanks for the confirmation!Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/26 08:37 PM
                                Thanks for the confirmation!anon22020/12/27 02:00 AM
                                Thanks for the confirmation!Doug S2020/12/28 12:47 PM
            Thanks for the confirmation!David Hess2020/12/21 06:35 PM
              Thanks for the confirmation!Konrad Schwarz2020/12/22 12:08 AM
                Thanks for the confirmation!Doug S2020/12/22 10:42 AM
                  Thanks for the confirmation!David Hess2020/12/22 12:32 PM
                Thanks for the confirmation!David Hess2020/12/22 12:21 PM
        Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/19 04:25 PM
          Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Brett2020/12/19 08:13 PM
            Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.David Hess2020/12/19 09:17 PM
              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Konrad Schwarz2020/12/21 03:29 AM
                Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.David Hess2020/12/21 06:49 PM
            Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/19 09:57 PM
              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/19 10:14 PM
            Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Adrian2020/12/20 02:06 AM
              Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.rwessel2020/12/20 08:43 AM
             Multi-level DRAM?Brett2020/12/20 08:07 PM
               Multi-level DRAM?Heikki Kultala2020/12/21 11:58 AM
               Multi-level DRAM?David Hess2020/12/21 07:25 PM
                 Multi-level DRAM?Adrian2020/12/22 05:15 AM
                   Multi-level DRAM?Dan Fay2020/12/22 10:11 AM
                     Multi-level DRAM?Paul2020/12/22 06:01 PM
                       Multi-level DRAM?Dan Fay2020/12/23 12:29 PM
                         Multi-level DRAM?Paul2020/12/23 01:00 PM
                           Multi-level DRAM?Dan Fay2020/12/23 04:30 PM
                             Multi-level DRAM?David Hess2020/12/23 05:05 PM
                           Multi-level DRAM?Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/25 06:44 PM
                             Multi-level DRAM?Paul2020/12/26 04:04 AM
                               Multi-level DRAM?Michael S2020/12/26 08:11 AM
                                 DIMM binsPaul2020/12/26 08:55 AM
                                   DIMM binsBjörn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/26 08:09 PM
                                     DIMM binsBjörn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/26 08:19 PM
                                       DIMM binsDaniel Fay2020/12/27 07:51 PM
                                  Is binning at the module or die level? (NT)anonymous22020/12/27 02:36 PM
                                    Is binning at the module or die level?David Hess2020/12/28 01:31 PM
                               Multi-level DRAM?Doug S2020/12/28 12:55 PM
                               Multi-level DRAM?David Hess2020/12/28 01:36 PM
                             Multi-level DRAM?anon­­32020/12/26 10:22 PM
                               Multi-level DRAM?Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/27 07:12 PM
                               Multi-level DRAM?Paul2021/01/04 04:20 AM
               Multi-level DRAM?Carson2021/01/05 12:14 PM
                 Multi-level DRAM?Brett2021/01/05 02:05 PM
        Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Björn Ragnar Björnsson2020/12/19 04:35 PM
        Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.David Hess2020/12/19 08:59 PM
          Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.rwessel2020/12/20 08:56 AM
          Enough with the idiocy ... let's have proper ECC again.Doug S2020/12/20 10:16 AM
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