Language safety in a multithread environment

Article: Fall Processor Forum 2006: IBM's POWER6
By: Wilco (Wilco.Dijkstra.delete@this.ntlworld.com), November 4, 2006 12:29 pm
Room: Moderated Discussions
Linus Torvalds (torvalds@osdl.org) on 11/3/06 wrote:
---------------------------

>Just as an example of why the whole "everything is aligned"
>mentality is wrong, look at something like malloc.
>
>You actually pay a rather high cost for that "things are
>aligned" mentality. You're just so used to it that you
>take it for granted. But what you don't think about is that
>it also makes it much more expensive to do things like
>small allocations, because the allocator tends to be
>forced to always return aligned allocations..
>
>So in situations where size matters, I've several times
>ended up havign to write my own allocators, just because
>the default system "malloc()" was too wasteful with memory.

I don't think malloc is a good example, there is just so much wrong with it... Even if you relax the alignment of malloc, it will still be very wasteful. Allocated block overhead is often 8-bytes and minimum blocksize can be as large as 16-bytes! Apart from that many systems use very inefficient algorithms and are lazy in reusing memory and minimizing fragmentation. VC++ libraries are among the worst - it's no surprise that C++ programs on Windows are often very slow as a result. I've seen STL string manipulations being 250 times slower than the equivalent strcat in C - mostly due to the new/delete overhead.

Any good memory allocator has no per-block overhead for small blocks and constant time allocation (using pointer increment). Malloc simply cannot provide this.

>And btw, "size matters" does not mean "small machines".
>The last time I did this, it was on a machine where I had
>2GB of memory, but doing so shrank the working set size
>of a particular problem from just over half a gigabyte
>to (eventually, thanks to that and other changes)
>to less than half its original size.

I got 2x speedup by using region based custom allocators while memory usage was 30-40% lower. But I think all this proves there is something seriously wrong with malloc.

>Then there are the architectures that are truly
>braindead, and where an unaligned access is silently
>accepted and the low bits are just dropped. Early ARM in
>particular. That's just crap, crap, crap. Now you have
>potential security and debuggability issues on top of all
>the other issues you had.

To be fair, the original ARMs allowed the external memory controller to do an unaligned access by doing 2 word accesses and masking while the ARM CPU would do the final rotation. The original memory controller (MEMC) just didn't ever implement that. Others have implemented memory controllers supporting unaligned access so it is feasible. However I agree it's better to either trap or do the right thing fully in hardware.

>So instead of arguing against unaligned accesses, just
>face the facts: people use them, and people want them. They
>are often the "natural" way of doing things, and doing
>them in hardware is not only possible, it's a fact of life.
>
>The good news, of course, is that the architecture that
>matters most from a general-purpose sw standpoint handles
>them quite well, and the way things are going, the "no
>unaligned" people will be left behind soon enough.

Many other architectures handle them well too nowadays. However unaligned accesses have a cost, and that cost is too high if you do too many of them. IMO the ideal situation would be:

1. Programming languages use natural alignment by default, so p - q is well defined etc
2. Users can explicitly mark types as unaligned for whatever reason (packing, performance etc)
3. Unaligned accesses can use hardware support if available, or expand into a sequence of instructions
4. Other unaligned accesses are trapped and emulated if required (hopefully these are rare)

This is what happens on ARM and it works very well, including on CPUs that don't have unaligned hardware support. Emulation traps are disliked in the embedded world, so most systems just abort programs that do spurious unaligned accesses that weren't declared to the compiler. Note that declaring unaligned types allows for better compiler optimization and the use of special instructions. For example you could have an unaligned hint in load/store instructions.

Wilco
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TopicPosted ByDate
POWER6 article onlineDavid Kanter2006/10/16 10:31 PM
  POWER6 article onlineNiels Jørgen Kruse2006/10/16 11:59 PM
    POWER6 article onlineDavid Kanter2006/10/17 12:03 AM
      Interesting cachesPaul Aaron Clayton2006/10/17 06:35 AM
  POWER6 article onlinerwessel2006/10/17 12:17 AM
    POWER6 article onlineGabriele Svelto2006/10/17 12:49 AM
      POWER6 article onlinerwessel2006/10/17 12:55 AM
      POWER6 article onlineDavid Kanter2006/10/17 01:01 AM
        POWER6 article onlineGabriele Svelto2006/10/17 01:06 AM
  BCD arithmetic remarkRob Thorpe2006/10/17 06:57 AM
    BCD arithmetic remarkDavid Kanter2006/10/17 08:04 AM
      BCD arithmetic remarkRob Thorpe2006/10/17 08:33 AM
        Java perfSerge Monkewitz2006/10/17 12:25 PM
          Java perfRob Thorpe2006/10/18 04:27 AM
            Java perfsp2006/10/18 04:50 AM
              Java perfRob Thorpe2006/10/18 08:36 AM
                Data parallelism in .NET using GPUsStephen Goss2006/10/18 11:48 PM
                  Data parallelism in .NET using GPUssp2006/10/19 01:08 AM
                    Data parallelism in .NET using GPUsStephen Goss2006/10/21 02:22 AM
                      Data parallelism in .NET using GPUsfastpathguru2006/11/01 02:30 PM
                        Data parallelism in .NET using GPUsIan Ameline2006/11/01 05:31 PM
                Java perfGabriele Svelto2006/10/19 12:23 AM
                  Java perfRob Thorpe2006/10/19 02:58 AM
              Numerical Java perfWes Felter2006/10/18 10:25 AM
                Numerical Java perfsp2006/10/18 10:46 AM
                  Numerical Java perfRob Thorpe2006/10/18 11:23 AM
                    Numerical Java perfTzvetan Mikov2006/10/18 11:44 AM
                      Numerical Java perfRob Thorpe2006/10/19 04:30 AM
                        Numerical Java perfsp2006/10/19 05:22 AM
                          Numerical Java perfGabriele Svelto2006/10/19 05:33 AM
                          Numerical Java perfRob Thorpe2006/10/19 07:08 AM
                            Numerical Java perfJuho Snellman2006/10/20 08:38 AM
                              Numerical Java perfRob Thorpe2006/10/23 04:54 AM
                                SBCL garbage collectorJuho Snellman2006/10/25 03:29 AM
                          Numerical Java perfTzvetan Mikov2006/10/19 09:04 AM
                        Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/19 09:34 AM
                          Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/19 11:43 AM
                            Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/19 12:11 PM
                              Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/19 02:23 PM
                                Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/19 04:08 PM
                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/20 05:04 AM
                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/20 01:53 PM
                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/20 02:06 PM
                                      PSRicardo B2006/10/20 02:12 PM
                                        PSTzvetan Mikov2006/10/20 03:30 PM
                          Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/20 01:26 AM
                            Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/20 01:34 PM
                              Language safety in a multithread environmentS. Rao2006/10/20 08:39 PM
                                Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/21 09:39 AM
                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentS. Rao2006/10/21 03:54 PM
                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/21 04:45 PM
                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/22 09:42 AM
                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/23 09:35 AM
                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/23 04:06 PM
                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/23 11:55 PM
                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/24 07:35 AM
                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/24 11:26 AM
                                                ClarificationTzvetan Mikov2006/10/24 12:15 PM
                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/25 07:37 AM
                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/25 07:52 AM
                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/25 09:01 AM
                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/25 05:24 PM
                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentS. Rao2006/10/25 06:08 PM
                                                        Other approachesRob Thorpe2006/10/26 10:09 AM
                                                          Hang on I forgot the other approachesRob Thorpe2006/10/26 10:27 AM
                                                            Hang on I forgot the other approachesS. Rao2006/10/26 02:16 PM
                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/26 03:56 AM
                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/26 07:52 AM
                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/26 08:11 AM
                                                            "Safety" and different types of safetyRob Thorpe2006/10/26 08:58 AM
                                                              "Safety" and different types of safetyLinus Torvalds2006/10/26 09:26 AM
                                                                "Safety" and different types of safetyRob Thorpe2006/10/26 09:50 AM
                                                                  "Safety" and different types of safetyTzvetan Mikov2006/10/26 10:56 AM
                                                                    Exactly!Gabriele Svelto2006/10/27 12:29 AM
                                                                  message passing languagesFoo_2006/10/28 01:19 AM
                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/26 10:45 AM
                                                          RecapTzvetan Mikov2006/10/26 11:19 AM
                                                            Information and ickiness on JavaRob Thorpe2006/10/27 04:38 AM
                                                              Excellent threadJasonB2006/10/27 02:57 PM
                                                                Excellent threadsp2006/10/28 12:38 AM
                                                              Information and ickiness on JavaTzvetan Mikov2006/10/27 05:12 PM
                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/26 08:17 AM
                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/26 08:57 AM
                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/26 09:38 AM
                                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentS. Rao2006/10/26 02:51 PM
                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/27 01:26 AM
                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/27 08:40 AM
                                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/27 09:06 AM
                                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/27 10:53 AM
                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentrwessel2006/10/27 03:21 PM
                                                                        Explicit vs implicit barriersTzvetan Mikov2006/10/27 05:39 PM
                                                                          Explicit vs implicit barriersLinus Torvalds2006/10/27 06:28 PM
                                                                            Explicit vs implicit barriersTzvetan Mikov2006/10/28 06:02 PM
                                                                              Explicit vs implicit barriersLinus Torvalds2006/10/28 07:55 PM
                                                                                Explicit vs implicit barriersRob Thorpe2006/10/31 12:37 PM
                                                                            Explicit vs implicit barriersRob Thorpe2006/10/31 12:15 PM
                                                                          Explicit vs implicit barriersrwessel2006/10/27 06:39 PM
                                                                      Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Michael S2006/10/28 02:10 PM
                                                                        Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Linus Torvalds2006/10/28 04:29 PM
                                                                          Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Ricardo B2006/10/30 06:36 AM
                                                                            Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Linus Torvalds2006/10/30 09:57 AM
                                                                              Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Tzvetan Mikov2006/10/30 11:55 AM
                                                                                Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Michael S2006/10/30 12:14 PM
                                                                                  Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Tzvetan Mikov2006/10/30 12:20 PM
                                                                                    Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Michael S2006/10/30 01:11 PM
                                                                                      A reference would be nice :-) (NT)Tzvetan Mikov2006/10/30 01:32 PM
                                                                                        A reference Michael S2006/10/30 03:37 PM
                                                                                          A reference Tzvetan Mikov2006/11/03 08:57 PM
                                                                                            check your e-mbox (NT)Michael S2006/11/04 12:47 PM
                                                                                      Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?David Kanter2006/10/30 01:40 PM
                                                                                        Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Michael S2006/10/30 02:28 PM
                                                                                          Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?David Kanter2006/10/30 02:43 PM
                                                                                            Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Michael S2006/10/30 04:36 PM
                                                                                              Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?David Kanter2006/10/30 10:14 PM
                                                                                Why OoO stores are evil but OoO loads are o.k.?Linus Torvalds2006/10/30 12:53 PM
                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/31 11:25 AM
                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/31 12:59 PM
                                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/31 01:38 PM
                                                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/31 02:02 PM
                                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/31 03:54 PM
                                                                                Will reply tommorrow, very busy today (NT)Rob Thorpe2006/11/01 11:14 AM
                                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/11/02 01:30 PM
                                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentrwessel2006/11/02 02:06 PM
                                                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/03 02:39 AM
                                                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/11/03 09:40 AM
                                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/03 10:12 AM
                                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/11/03 01:20 PM
                                                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/06 03:42 AM
                                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentEric Bron2006/11/04 04:47 AM
                                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/06 04:13 AM
                                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/04 12:29 PM
                                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/11/04 02:54 PM
                                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/06 03:54 AM
                                                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/06 12:26 PM
                                                                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/07 01:54 AM
                                                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/07 04:34 PM
                                                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/08 02:29 AM
                                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentrwessel2006/11/04 10:13 PM
                                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentrwessel2006/11/04 10:23 PM
                                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentMichael S2006/11/05 04:05 AM
                                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/11/05 10:14 AM
                                                                                          unaligned SSE testsEric Bron2006/11/05 02:26 PM
                                                                                            unaligned SSE testsMichael S2006/11/05 03:47 PM
                                                                                              unaligned SSE testsEric Bron2006/11/05 04:23 PM
                                                                                                unaligned SSE testsMichael S2006/11/05 05:03 PM
                                                                                                  unaligned SSE testsEric Bron2006/11/05 05:28 PM
                                                                                                    Now results make sense. How about Psc? (NT)Michael S2006/11/05 05:37 PM
                                                                                                      tomorrow, it's 01:43 PM where I'm (NT)Eric Bron2006/11/05 05:44 PM
                                                                                                        I mean 01:43 AM (NT)Eric Bron2006/11/05 05:45 PM
                                                                                                      PSC scoresEric Bron2006/11/06 02:25 AM
                                                                                                        PSC scoresMichael S2006/11/06 04:28 AM
                                                                                                          PSC scoresIan Ameline2006/11/06 09:00 AM
                                                                                                            meaningful performance gainMichael S2006/11/06 09:33 AM
                                                                                                              meaningful performance gainLinus Torvalds2006/11/06 11:15 AM
                                                                                                                Dynamically resolved alignmentDavid Kanter2006/11/06 12:49 PM
                                                                                                                  Dynamically resolved alignmentRicardo B2006/11/06 01:46 PM
                                                                                                                  Dynamically resolved alignmentLinus Torvalds2006/11/06 01:48 PM
                                                                                                                meaningful performance gainEric Bron2006/11/07 02:23 AM
                                                                                                        RE: "I suppose we will have to continue to align" ...Not really :)redpriest2006/11/06 05:11 PM
                                                                                                          Your point?Michael S2006/11/06 05:47 PM
                                                                                                            Actually Michael, it's quite a bit more than that.redpriest2006/11/06 06:30 PM
                                                                                                              Actually Michael, it's quite a bit more than that.anonymous2006/11/06 08:36 PM
                                                                                                                Actually Michael, it's quite a bit more than that.Linus Torvalds2006/11/06 09:01 PM
                                                                                                                  Actually Michael, it's quite a bit more than that.Rob Thorpe2006/11/07 03:31 AM
                                                                                                                  Actually Michael, it's quite a bit more than that.anonymous2006/11/07 07:27 AM
                                                                                                              link vs linqMichael S2006/11/07 02:04 AM
                                                                                                                link vs linqanonymous2006/11/07 07:13 AM
                                                                                                                  Thank you (NT)Michael S2006/11/07 08:04 AM
                                                                                                          Barcelona dreamsEric Bron2006/11/07 01:08 AM
                                                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/05 03:14 PM
                                                                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/11/05 03:56 PM
                                                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/05 06:52 PM
                                                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/11/05 09:09 PM
                                                                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/06 02:25 PM
                                                                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/11/06 03:48 PM
                                                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/06 04:44 PM
                                                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/11/06 04:53 PM
                                                                                                        A common problemRob Thorpe2006/11/07 09:45 AM
                                                                                                          A common problemWilco2006/11/09 04:46 PM
                                                                                                            A common problemRob Thorpe2006/11/10 08:29 AM
                                                                                                              A common problemrwessel2006/11/13 04:47 PM
                                                                                                                A common problemWilco2006/11/13 05:51 PM
                                                                                                                  A common problemRob Thorpe2006/11/14 03:38 AM
                                                                                                                    A common problemLinus Torvalds2006/11/14 09:37 AM
                                                                                                                      A common problemRob Thorpe2006/11/14 11:18 AM
                                                                                                                        A common problemagony2006/11/14 02:57 PM
                                                                                                                          A common problemrwessel2006/11/14 04:13 PM
                                                                                                                            A common problemAndi Kleen2006/11/15 04:24 AM
                                                                                                                              A common problemrwessel2006/11/15 04:42 PM
                                                                                                                        A common problemDoug Siebert2006/11/14 09:50 PM
                                                                                                                          x86 versus other platformsDavid Kanter2006/11/15 12:58 AM
                                                                                                                            x86 versus other platformsj2006/11/15 01:57 AM
                                                                                                                          A common problemRob Thorpe2006/11/15 11:56 AM
                                                                                                                            A common problemWilco2006/11/15 01:54 PM
                                                                                                                              A common problemCarlie Coats2006/11/16 06:44 AM
                                                                                                                              A common problemLinus Torvalds2006/11/16 10:03 AM
                                                                                                                      A common problemCarlie Coats2006/11/16 06:38 AM
                                                                                                                        A common problemRob Thorpe2006/11/16 07:29 AM
                                                                                                                    A common problemWilco2006/11/15 02:13 PM
                                                                                                                      A common problemRob Thorpe2006/11/16 09:20 AM
                                                                                                                        A common problemrwessel2006/11/16 04:27 PM
                                                                                                                        A common problemWilco2006/11/17 02:20 PM
                                                                                                                          A common problemRob Thorpe2006/11/20 04:14 AM
                                                                                          You are aiming too lowMichael S2006/11/05 04:19 PM
                                                                                            And you're aiming quite highRob Thorpe2006/11/06 08:00 AM
                                                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/04 11:20 AM
                                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/06 04:10 AM
                                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/06 10:59 AM
                                                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/08 02:47 AM
                                                                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/13 05:13 PM
                                                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/11/14 02:15 AM
                                                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentWilco2006/11/17 02:51 PM
                                                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentrwessel2006/11/04 10:11 PM
                                                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/11/03 09:58 AM
                                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentbandwidth2006/10/27 06:47 PM
                                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/27 07:52 PM
                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/27 08:10 PM
                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentbandwidth2006/10/28 03:17 AM
                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentbandwidth2006/10/28 03:09 AM
                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/28 09:23 AM
                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/30 03:26 AM
                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/30 06:52 AM
                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentJasonB2006/10/30 07:12 AM
                                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/30 07:28 AM
                                                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentJasonB2006/10/30 08:32 AM
                                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/30 08:48 AM
                                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentJasonB2006/10/30 09:21 AM
                                                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/30 07:31 AM
                                                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/30 07:43 AM
                                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/30 07:54 AM
                                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/30 08:02 AM
                                                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/30 08:12 AM
                                                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/30 08:29 AM
                                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentRicardo B2006/10/30 08:40 AM
                                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentdraugaz2006/10/30 12:31 PM
                                                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/30 10:09 AM
                                                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/31 02:01 AM
                                                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentLinus Torvalds2006/10/31 08:59 AM
                                                                    Language safety in a multithread environmentpgerassi2006/10/27 08:00 PM
                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentbandwidth2006/10/28 03:25 AM
                                                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentpgerassi2006/10/31 01:32 AM
                                                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/31 06:52 AM
                                                        pythonFoo_2006/10/28 01:51 AM
                                                          pythonTzvetan Mikov2006/10/28 04:55 PM
                                                            pythonFoo_2006/10/29 03:51 AM
                                                          pythonRob Thorpe2006/10/31 05:01 AM
                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/24 10:53 AM
                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/25 01:00 AM
                                          Language safety in a multithread environment (Lock-free structures)Ray2006/10/28 11:25 AM
                                            Language safety in a multithread environment (Lock-free structures)Linus Torvalds2006/10/28 11:58 AM
                                              Language safety in a multithread environment (Lock-free structures)Ray2006/10/28 04:47 PM
                                                Language safety in a multithread environment (Lock-free structures)Linus Torvalds2006/10/28 08:02 PM
                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentJuho Snellman2006/10/25 03:59 AM
                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/25 04:38 AM
                                            Language safety in a multithread environmentJuho Snellman2006/10/25 06:38 AM
                                              Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/25 07:06 AM
                                                More on this topicRob Thorpe2006/10/25 08:41 AM
                                                  More on this topicTzvetan Mikov2006/10/25 10:17 AM
                                                    More on this topicRob Thorpe2006/10/26 02:02 AM
                                                Language safety in a multithread environmentJuho Snellman2006/10/25 10:33 AM
                                                  Language safety in a multithread environmentRob Thorpe2006/10/26 01:48 AM
                                      Language safety in a multithread environmentS. Rao2006/10/23 03:40 PM
                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/23 11:38 PM
                                        Language safety in a multithread environmentGabriele Svelto2006/10/24 01:02 AM
                                          Language safety in a multithread environmentS. Rao2006/10/24 12:40 PM
                                        Comparison to stack allocationRob Thorpe2006/10/24 03:09 AM
                                          Comparison to stack allocationS. Rao2006/10/24 12:32 PM
                                            Exactly, see my other post (NT)Rob Thorpe2006/10/25 12:53 AM
                          Language safety in a multithread environmentDavid Wragg2006/10/20 02:46 AM
                            Language safety in a multithread environmentTzvetan Mikov2006/10/21 09:24 AM
                          Ugh, evil problemRob Thorpe2006/10/20 03:56 AM
                            Ugh, evil problemGabriele Svelto2006/10/20 04:38 AM
                              Ugh, evil problemRob Thorpe2006/10/20 05:47 AM
                                Ugh, evil problemGabriele Svelto2006/10/20 05:54 AM
                                Ugh, evil problemRicardo B2006/10/20 06:43 AM
                            Ugh, evil problemJasonB2006/10/20 06:17 AM
                              Ugh, evil problemS. Rao2006/10/20 08:09 PM
                                Ugh, evil problemJasonB2006/10/21 07:58 AM
                                SecondedRob Thorpe2006/10/23 01:53 AM
                          Copying GC Rob Thorpe2006/10/23 02:51 AM
                            Copying GC Tzvetan Mikov2006/10/23 11:13 PM
                              Copying GC Rob Thorpe2006/10/24 01:22 AM
              Python + native extensionsFoo_2006/10/18 02:29 PM
                Python + native extensionssp2006/10/19 01:05 AM
  z9 - Power5 connection?foobar2006/10/17 01:15 PM
    z9 - Power5 connection?David Kanter2006/10/17 02:03 PM
      z9 - Power5 connection?foobar2006/10/17 02:33 PM
        z9 - Power5 connection?rwessel2006/10/17 07:39 PM
          z9 - Power5 connection?foobar2006/10/17 08:38 PM
            Sounds like I should edit the article...David Kanter2006/10/17 10:48 PM
            z9 - Power5 connection?Jesper Frimann2006/10/17 11:59 PM
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How do you spell avocado?