New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future Interconnect

Article: The Common System Interface: Intel's Future Interconnect
By: Jonathan Kang (johnbk.delete@this.gmail.com), September 26, 2007 5:48 am
Room: Moderated Discussions
jigal (jigal2@gmail.com) on 9/25/07 wrote:
---------------------------
>1st, thanx guys for the in depth explanation.
>
>I begin to understand the major point here, that CSI
>is an extension of a CPU to CPU or CPU to memory bus,
>whereas PCI-e is and always will be a peripheral bus.
>CSI would carry x86 instruction streams and its data,
>whereas PCI-e was never designed to do that, and would
>probably not be extended to take it on.
>
>I dare ask a few more questions then:
>1. Wouldn't intel need to open CSI such that vendors can
>produce new north bridges to communicate with it?
>After all - a bridge between PCI-e and CSI is needed, no?

Depends. Intel makes their own chipsets (Northbridge and Southbridge chips) so in theory, they could take the Apple approach and simply say "we only sell entire boxes" and let the external world interface with PCI-e. I imagine select vendors (someone else mentioned IBM) would get access to the spec as well.

>2. Could CSI (partially)
>replace PCI-e in the slightly longer term?
>E.g., would it be used for off chip GPU's instead of
>PCIe?

Yes and no. Keep in mind the issues of signal integrity and versatility when it comes to different transmission mediums. When communicating with peripherals like a graphics card, it's easy to forget that it has to go through a connector (unless you're talking integrated GPU on the motherboard, in which case I fully expect CSI to compete and soundingly beat and replace PCI-e for). This usually makes it prohibitive to send "naked" high-speed signals through. That, to a degree, is why PCI-e encodes its data and sends it serially. A connector represents an impedance inconsistency on the transmission line no matter how well it's built.

It also means that said connectivity will change. What happens if someone puts in an extended daughter-card? What happens if someone uses a long cable instead of a PCI-e socket? CSI was not designed to cope with this. It's meant to go over traces (of somewhat limited length) on a PCB.

>3. On servers - what is the leading peripheral
>connectivity technology?
>PCI-e? HT? FC? InfiniBand? Or even 10GbE?
>(InfiniBand seemed to enter only in HPC, no?)
>Or is it completely vendor determined?
>(e.g., IBM's servers would go FC,
>Intel x86 based servers would go PCI-e,
>AMD x86 based servers would go HT.., etc.)

I'm not sure there is a dominance here. Previously, it had been PCI, PCI-X, PCI-64, etc. Some vendors have their own peripheral connectivity but I'd say PCI-e has pretty much come in and replaced all of that.
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TopicPosted ByDate
New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid Kanter2007/08/28 01:16 AM
  New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectVincent Diepeveen2007/08/28 05:02 AM
  New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectRichard Cownie2007/08/28 10:28 AM
    New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectVincent Diepeveen2007/08/31 11:44 AM
      New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectRichard Cownie2007/08/31 08:53 PM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectVincent Diepeveen2007/09/01 02:21 AM
          Adding layers can simplify designPaul A. Clayton2007/09/01 07:39 AM
          New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMichael S2007/09/02 02:25 AM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJonathan Kang2007/09/14 12:47 PM
    New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid Kanter2007/09/14 08:47 PM
  New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectPaul2007/08/28 11:04 AM
    New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid Kanter2007/08/28 12:43 PM
      New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJoe Chang2007/08/28 06:17 PM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJoe Chang2007/08/29 04:27 PM
  Thanks for the workWouter Tinus2007/08/28 12:33 PM
    Thanks for the workmac2007/08/29 12:44 PM
  New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectHerbert Hum2007/08/28 01:22 PM
    ThanksDavid Kanter2007/08/28 04:13 PM
  Many thanks, very, very interesting! (NT)Cameron Jack2007/08/29 01:51 AM
  very nice article + memory ctrl integrationMarcin Niewiadomski2007/08/29 11:46 AM
    very nice article + memory ctrl integrationDavid Kanter2007/09/14 08:50 PM
      very nice article + memory ctrl integrationMarcin Niewiadomski2007/09/16 08:48 PM
  Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedPeter Gerdes2007/08/29 02:11 PM
    Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedDavid Kanter2007/08/29 06:29 PM
      Coherency: Forwarding and Ownednick2007/08/29 07:03 PM
        Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedDavid Kanter2007/08/29 11:08 PM
      Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedMichael S2007/08/30 01:17 AM
        Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedDavid Kanter2007/08/30 07:31 AM
      Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedPeter Gerdes2007/08/30 11:46 AM
        Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedDavid Kanter2007/08/30 01:46 PM
          Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedPeter Gerdes2007/08/30 07:03 PM
            Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedDavid Kanter2007/09/14 08:44 PM
              Node Interleaveunknown2007/09/15 03:14 AM
                Node InterleaveDavid Kanter2007/09/15 07:50 AM
                  Node InterleaveHoward Chu2007/09/16 12:14 PM
              Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedPeter Gerdes2007/09/16 12:50 PM
                Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedDavid Kanter2007/09/16 04:34 PM
                  Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedEduardoS2007/09/16 04:52 PM
                  Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedJonathan Kang2007/09/17 05:16 AM
                  Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedMatthias2007/09/17 06:59 AM
                    Coherency: Forwarding and Owned - additionMatthias2007/09/17 07:01 AM
                Coherency: Forwarding and Ownedanonymous2007/09/17 09:15 AM
                  Coherency: Forwarding and OwnedPeter Gerdes2007/09/17 12:44 PM
  New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMr. Camel2007/08/30 03:16 PM
    New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMichael S2007/08/31 01:11 AM
      New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMr. Camel2007/08/31 03:13 AM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMichael S2007/08/31 03:24 AM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid Kanter2007/08/31 05:39 AM
          New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMichael S2007/08/31 06:53 AM
      New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid Kanter2007/08/31 05:41 AM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMichael S2007/08/31 06:36 AM
          New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMr. Camel2007/08/31 08:36 AM
  Thanks and excellent work!Jack A.2007/08/30 07:41 PM
  Lamport's TLAKonrad Schwarz2007/09/02 01:57 AM
    Lamport's TLADavid Kanter2007/09/02 07:55 PM
    Lamport's TLABrannon2007/09/03 07:12 AM
      Lamport's TLAKonrad Schwarz2007/09/18 10:21 AM
        Lamport's TLABrannon2007/09/18 01:58 PM
  New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJosé Javier Zarate2007/09/09 04:01 PM
  New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJonathan Kang2007/09/16 05:42 PM
    Remote prefetchDavid Kanter2007/09/17 07:51 AM
  New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJigal2007/09/22 02:39 PM
    New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid Kanter2007/09/22 04:35 PM
      New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future Interconnect8B/10B Latency2007/09/22 06:16 PM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future Interconnectanon2007/09/22 08:05 PM
          New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid W. Hess2007/09/22 08:50 PM
            Clocking in CSIDavid Kanter2007/09/23 08:46 AM
              Hypertransport 3 AC CouplingDavid W. Hess2007/09/23 09:32 AM
                Hypertransport 3 AC Couplinganon2007/09/23 09:53 AM
                  Clocking lanesDavid Kanter2007/09/23 10:51 AM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid Kanter2007/09/22 08:34 PM
          New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid W. Hess2007/09/22 09:10 PM
            New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJonathan Kang2007/09/25 07:15 AM
          New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMichael S2007/09/23 01:06 AM
            New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectDavid W. Hess2007/09/23 03:41 AM
            Serialization delayDavid Kanter2007/09/23 08:57 AM
              Serialization delayMichael S2007/09/23 11:20 AM
                Serialization delayDavid Kanter2007/09/23 12:43 PM
                  Serialization delayMichael S2007/09/24 12:40 AM
                    Serialization delayMichael S2007/09/24 04:28 AM
                    Serialization delayAaron Spink2007/09/24 12:19 PM
                      Serialization delayMichael S2007/09/25 03:38 AM
                        Serialization delayJonathan Kang2007/09/25 08:10 AM
                          Serialization delayDavid W. Hess2007/09/26 12:22 AM
                        Serialization delayAaron Spink2007/09/25 12:13 PM
                          Thank you (NT)Michael S2007/09/25 12:53 PM
                Serialization delayJonathan Kang2007/09/25 07:26 AM
                  Serialization delayMichael S2007/09/25 01:57 PM
                    Serialization delayJonathan Kang2007/09/26 05:24 AM
                      Serialization delayDavid W. Hess2007/09/26 06:39 AM
                        Serialization delayJonathan Kang2007/09/26 09:56 AM
                          Serialization delayDavid W. Hess2007/09/27 02:21 AM
                            Serialization delayJonathan Kang2007/09/27 04:36 AM
                              Serialization delayDavid W. Hess2007/09/27 05:31 PM
                      Serialization delayrwessel2007/09/26 01:26 PM
                        Serialization delayJonathan Kang2007/09/27 07:16 AM
                          Serialization delayrwessel2007/09/27 12:20 PM
                            Serialization delayJonathan Kang2007/09/28 04:38 AM
                              Serialization delayrwessel2007/09/28 01:00 PM
                                Serialization delayJonathan Kang2007/10/01 07:07 AM
                                  Cache coherent latencyDavid Kanter2007/10/01 07:20 AM
                                    Cache coherent latencyblaine2007/10/01 10:36 AM
                                      Critical word first on coherent interconnectsDavid Kanter2007/10/01 11:10 AM
                                        Does ccHT do critical word first?blaine2007/10/02 07:10 AM
                                    Cache coherent latencyJonathan Kang2007/10/01 12:34 PM
                                      Cache coherent latencyDavid Kanter2007/10/01 01:13 PM
                      Serialization delayMichael S2007/09/28 04:32 AM
                        Serialization delayanonymous2007/09/28 10:25 AM
                          Serialization delayMichael S2007/09/29 09:06 AM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJonathan Kang2007/09/25 07:05 AM
      New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future Interconnectjigal2007/09/23 12:37 PM
        CSI, PCI and HTDavid Kanter2007/09/23 12:46 PM
        New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJonathan Kang2007/09/25 07:39 AM
          New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future Interconnectjigal2007/09/25 02:16 PM
            New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectMichael S2007/09/26 03:14 AM
              New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectAnonymous2007/09/26 09:41 AM
                New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJonathan Kang2007/09/26 09:59 AM
            New article - The Common System Interface: Intel's Future InterconnectJonathan Kang2007/09/26 05:48 AM
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